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The Tudor Dynasty

The Tudor Dynasty

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The Tudor Dynasty

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  1. TheTudorDynasty The Tudor Dynasty or House of Tudor was a royal house of Welsh origin. Tudor dynastyruledof the kingdomof England,the lordshipofIreland and later the kingdomofIreland. The threeprincipalmonarchof House of Tudor were: Henry VII,Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. In total, five Tudor monarchs ruled their domains for just over a century.

  2. P R I N C I P A L M O N A R CH

  3. Henry VII signedmanypactstopreventwars. Its first monarch was Henry VII, a descendant through his mother of a legitimised branch of the English royal House of Lancaster. The Tudor family went to power in the wake of the Wars of the Roses, which left the House of Lancaster. Henry VII’s policy had two principal objectives. The first for estabilished the peace in England and the second for improve the economy; but he hadn’t interest to conquer other territories, in fact he

  4. Henry VI honoured a pledge and married Elizabeth of York. They were third cousins. The marriage unified the warring houses of Lancaster and York. The unification of the two houses through this marriage is symbolized by the heraldic emblem of the Tudor rose, a combination of the white rose of York and the red rose of Lancaster.Henry VII and Queen Elizabeth had several children, four of whom survived infancy: Arthur, Prince of Wales; Henry, Duke of Richmond; Margaret, who married James IV of Scotland; and Mary, who married Louis XII of France. Henry VII tried to improve his territories done a strong marriage policy.

  5. Henry VIII Henry VIII was … • King of England. • Lord ofIreland. • Secondmonarchof Tudor dynasty.

  6. Henry VIII (28 June 1491-28 January 1547) was king of England from 21 April 1509 until his death.Besides his six marriages, Henry VIII is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church. Henry's struggles with Rome led to the separation of the Church of England from papal authority, the Dissolution of the Monasteries, and his own establishment as the Supreme Head of the Church of England. He is known for his radical changes to the English Constitution, ushering in the theory of the divine right of kings to England. Besides asserting supremacy over the Church of England in its break from Rome in initiating the English Reformation, he also greatly expanded Royal power.Duringhisreignstartedmanylaws and actstoimproveengland situation. Importantactswas:1) Actofsupremacydeclaredsupremacyof King on English Church;2) ActofUnionconnected England and Galles;3) TreasonsAct.

  7. Henry VIII earlyreign Soon after his father's burial on 10 May, Henry suddenly declared that he would indeed marry Catherine, leaving unresolved issues concerning the papal dispensation and a missing part of the marriage portion. Two days after Henry's coronation, he arrested his father's two most unpopular ministers and they were charged with high treason and were executed in 1510. Henry also returned to the public some of the money supposedly extorted by the two ministers. For this and much more Henry VIII is considered one of the best England Kings.

  8. Edward VI Edward VIof England was… • King of England and Ireland. • Son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour,anotherwife of Henry VIII. • Thirdmonarchof Tudor dynasty.

  9. Edward VIreign Edward's reign was marked by economic problems and social unrest that, in 1549, erupted into riot and rebellion. An expensive war with Scotland, at first successful, ended with military withdrawal from Scotland as well as Boulogne-sur-Mer in exchange for peace. The transformation of the Anglican Church into a recognisably Protestant body also occurred under Edward, who took great interest in religious matters. It was during Edward's reign that Protestantism was established for the first time in England. In February 1553, at age 15, Edward fell ill. Edward named his cousin Lady Jane Grey as his heir and excluded his half-sisters, Mary and Elizabeth. However, this was disputed following Edward.

  10. Mary I Mary I was … • Queen of England and Ireland. • Onlychildof Henry VIII and Catherine ofAragon. • Fourthmonarchof Tudor dynasty .

  11. As the fourth crowned monarch of the Tudor dynasty, Mary is remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism after the short-lived Protestant reign of her half-brother. During her five-year reign, she had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian persecutions. Her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed after her death in 1558 by her younger half-sister and successor, Elizabeth I. Mary was weak and ill from May 1558, and died aged 42 at St. James's Palace during an influenza epidemic.

  12. Elizabeth I Elizabeth I was … • Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn’s daughter • queen of a divided nation, the majority of which was anti-Catholicandanti-Spanish. • Queen whitgreatpersonality. • Fifthmonarchof Tudor dynasty.

  13. Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was queen regnant of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called "The Virgin Queen", "Gloriana" or "Good Queen Bess“. Her reign was very long, with many important avveniments and her policy supported principally English Church. In fact one of her first moves as queen was the establishment of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor. Elizabeth I reign was characterized by Spanish and French wars that she won.

  14. Tudor family tree.