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The Tudor Monarchs

The Tudor Monarchs

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The Tudor Monarchs

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  1. The Tudor Monarchs 1485 - 1603

  2. The War of the Roses • Civil War in England 1455-1485 • The House of Lancaster vs. the House of York • Ultimately, the House of Lancaster won

  3. Henry Tudor VII • Defeated King Richard III (House of York) at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485 • Married a lady of the House of York to unite the families

  4. Henry VIII • Wanted a son to secure the Tudor line • He married six times • Three children: • Mary • Elizabeth • Edward

  5. Catherine of Aragon • Married 1509 • Daughter to the king of Spain • She bore Mary • Henry decided to divorce Catherine

  6. Henry’s Break with the Church • At this time, England was a Catholic nation and a monarch could only gain a divorce with the permission of the pope • Furious, Henry decided to break with the Catholic Church and established a Protestant Church of England with himself at the head • However, the pope refused to grant permission. (partly because of Catherine’s powerful allies) This created many troubles down the road…

  7. Anne Boleyn • Married 1533 • She bore Elizabeth • Protestant • Henry accused her of infidelity and had her beheaded in 1536

  8. Jane Seymour • Married 1536 (11 days after execution of Anne) • Bore Edward but died soon after • Henry probably loved her best of all his wives

  9. Anne of Cleves • Married 1540 • An arranged marriage • Henry thought she was ugly • Divorced 1540 – the same year!

  10. Catherine Howard • Married 1540 • She was 20, Henry was 49 • The Duke of Norfolk vouched for her character and convinced the king to marry her

  11. Catherine’s Howard’s Downfall • It was discovered that Catherine was having an affair with the king’s courtier, Thomas Culpeper, and that she had been with other men before her marriage • The king blamed the Duke of Norfolk for what happened • The king was very fond of Catherine and took the news very hard; however, he still had her executed for treason in 1542

  12. Catherine Parr • Married 1543 • Looked after Henry’s children • Outlived Henry

  13. Edward VI • Main characters in The Prince and the Pauper • Became king at the age of nine • Protestant • Illness caused him to die after only six years

  14. Lady Jane Grey • Edward named his cousin Jane Grey as his successor • She was queen for only nine days – Mary took the throne and had her beheaded

  15. Mary I • Determined to return England to the one true faith…Roman Catholic. • Referred to as “Bloody Mary” • Reigned for only 5 years before her death

  16. Elizabeth I • A strong ruler • Never married • Ruled during the time of Shakespeare • Ruled for 45 years

  17. The end of the Tudor line • Since Elizabeth had no children, the crown passed on to the Stewart family • In 1603 James I became king

  18. The End

  19. Life in Tudor England

  20. Mini-Research Project • You will be assigned a topic to research for the class • Decide what is most important/most interesting about your topic • Create a PowerPoint/Prezi/Glogster/Any other sort of “visual” and an oral presentation • 4 images minimum

  21. Mini-Research Groups 1. Tudor Entertainment 2. Tudor Education 3. Tudor Crime & Punishment 4. Tudor Food & Medicine 5. Tudor Towns 6. Tudor Clothing

  22. Resources • http://www.localhistories.org/tudor.html • http://www.the-tudors.org.uk/tudor-england.htm • http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/tudors/dailylife.htm