To Do for Today • Learn about Vitamins and Minerals • Do a Scavenger Hunt around the room to learn more about vitamins and minerals.
Vitamins • What are they? • What do they in our bodies? • How do we get them into our bodies? • What are some examples?
Vitamins • Vitamins help the body to grow and develop normally. • Humans require 13 different vitamins each affecting the body in a different way.
2 Kinds of Vitamins • Fat Soluble-Vitamins A, D, E, K • Can be stored in body; excess not excreted, potential for toxicity • Provided through dietary intake except for Vitamin D (“sunshine vitamin” • Water Soluble-Vitamin C, B Complex • Cannot be stored in body, provided by dietary intake
Set up your notes as follows to provide notes on important vitamins: VitaminWhy is it important?Where can you find it? Vitamin A Vitamin D Vitamin E Vitamin K Vitamin C (5) B Vitamins
Minerals • What are they? • What do they in our bodies? • How do we get them into our bodies? • What are some examples?
Minerals • Inorganic elements that help the body to perform chemical reactions
Minerals • Two main categories : • The major minerals: body needs a sufficient amount to be healthy • calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, and chloride. • The trace minerals the body only needs small amounts • iron, zinc, iodine, copper, manganese, fluoride, chromium, selenium, and molybdenum.
Set up your notes as follows to provide notes on important minerals: MineralWhy is it important?Where can you find it? Calcium Phosphorous Sodium Potassium Iron Zinc Iodine Copper
Vitamins and minerals scavenger hunt! You and your group will fill out your notes by cruising through the room to find the purpose and source of each vitamin and mineral that I named. Please use common sense and respect during this activity!
Helps vision Keeps skin healthy Deficiency: Night blindness Xerophthalmia Vitamin A aka Retinol
Needed for strong teeth and bones Regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism Vitamin Dcholecalciferol Deficiency: Rickets – bone deformity
Antioxidant role (prevents destruction of Vit. A & C) Protects cell membranes from damage Protects red blood cells (rbc) Deficiency: Reduced # of RBC Nerve tissue damage in infants Vitamin E Tocopherol
Helps in clotting blood Found in green leafy vegetables Vitamin K Deficiency – Bleeding caused by prolonged clotting time
Helps keep gums, teeth, bones healthy Needed for wound healing Vitamin C • Deficiency: Scurvy – • swollen and bleeding gums • loose teeth • slow-healing wounds
Needed for healthy nerves Helps cells use energy in foods B1 Thiamin B2 Riboflavin
Helps cells use energy in foods Needed for red blood cells Keeps nerves healthy B3 Niacin B6 Pyridoxine
Helps cells use energy in foods Needed for formation of RBC B12Cobalamine Deficiency – pernicious anemia
Calcium Helps form strong bones and teeth Deficiency: – osteoporosis
Needed for healthy nerve cells Source: Nuts, wheat germ, brown rice, oats, barley, bananas, green leafy vegetables. Helps build strong bones and teeth Source: Brewer's yeast, milk, cheese, sardines. Phosphorus Magnesium
Sodium Helps nerves send signals Helps keep fluid in cells Source: All fresh fruits and vegetables, potatoes, bananas, whole grains, sunflower seeds. Helps nerves send signals Helps keep fluid in cells Source: table salt Potassium
Needed for tissue growth Source: Nuts, seeds, beans, legumes, eggs, chicken, turkey, beef, lamb, wheat germ, shellfish, fish, oatmeal, baked potato, brown rice. Helps red blood cells carry oxygen Source: Wheat germ, dark green vegetables, liver, sardines, lean beef, chicken. Iron Zinc
Iodine Needed for healthy red blood cells Boosts immunity Source: Nuts, beans, peanuts, whole wheat bread, liver, lean beef Needed by thyroid gland to control rate of energy used by cells Sources: Iodized salt, fish, kelp, seaweed Copper
Vitamins and Minerals Exit Quiz 1. In the early 1900s, many children had a disease called rickets. Research showed that the children had a deficiency of a vitamin that is necessary for the proper formation of bones. Which of these vitamins was lacking in the diets of these children? • vitamin A • vitamin C • vitamin D • vitamin K
Vitamins and Minerals Exit Quiz 2. Which vitamin helps your blood to clot? 3. Which vitamin keeps your eyes healthy?