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Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and Minerals

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Vitamins and Minerals

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  1. Vitamins and Minerals

  2. Spark Starter

  3. To Do for Today • Learn about Vitamins and Minerals • Do a Scavenger Hunt around the room to learn more about vitamins and minerals.

  4. Vitamins • What are they? • What do they in our bodies? • How do we get them into our bodies? • What are some examples?

  5. Vitamins • Vitamins help the body to grow and develop normally. • Humans require 13 different vitamins each affecting the body in a different way.

  6. 2 Kinds of Vitamins • Fat Soluble-Vitamins A, D, E, K • Can be stored in body; excess not excreted, potential for toxicity • Provided through dietary intake except for Vitamin D (“sunshine vitamin” • Water Soluble-Vitamin C, B Complex • Cannot be stored in body, provided by dietary intake

  7. Set up your notes as follows to provide notes on important vitamins: VitaminWhy is it important?Where can you find it? Vitamin A Vitamin D Vitamin E Vitamin K Vitamin C (5) B Vitamins

  8. Minerals • What are they? • What do they in our bodies? • How do we get them into our bodies? • What are some examples?

  9. Minerals • Inorganic elements that help the body to perform chemical reactions

  10. Minerals • Two main categories : • The major minerals: body needs a sufficient amount to be healthy • calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, and chloride. • The trace minerals the body only needs small amounts • iron, zinc, iodine, copper, manganese, fluoride, chromium, selenium, and molybdenum.

  11. Set up your notes as follows to provide notes on important minerals: MineralWhy is it important?Where can you find it? Calcium Phosphorous Sodium Potassium Iron Zinc Iodine Copper

  12. Vitamins and minerals scavenger hunt! You and your group will fill out your notes by cruising through the room to find the purpose and source of each vitamin and mineral that I named. Please use common sense and respect during this activity!

  13. Helps vision Keeps skin healthy Deficiency: Night blindness Xerophthalmia Vitamin A aka Retinol

  14. Needed for strong teeth and bones Regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism Vitamin Dcholecalciferol Deficiency: Rickets – bone deformity

  15. Antioxidant role (prevents destruction of Vit. A & C) Protects cell membranes from damage Protects red blood cells (rbc) Deficiency: Reduced # of RBC Nerve tissue damage in infants Vitamin E Tocopherol

  16. Helps in clotting blood Found in green leafy vegetables Vitamin K Deficiency – Bleeding caused by prolonged clotting time

  17. Helps keep gums, teeth, bones healthy Needed for wound healing Vitamin C • Deficiency: Scurvy – • swollen and bleeding gums • loose teeth • slow-healing wounds

  18. Needed for healthy nerves Helps cells use energy in foods B1 Thiamin B2 Riboflavin

  19. Helps cells use energy in foods Needed for red blood cells Keeps nerves healthy B3 Niacin B6 Pyridoxine

  20. Helps cells use energy in foods Needed for formation of RBC B12Cobalamine Deficiency – pernicious anemia

  21. Calcium Helps form strong bones and teeth Deficiency: – osteoporosis

  22. Needed for healthy nerve cells Source: Nuts, wheat germ, brown rice, oats, barley, bananas, green leafy vegetables. Helps build strong bones and teeth Source: Brewer's yeast, milk, cheese, sardines. Phosphorus Magnesium

  23. Sodium Helps nerves send signals Helps keep fluid in cells Source: All fresh fruits and vegetables, potatoes, bananas, whole grains, sunflower seeds. Helps nerves send signals Helps keep fluid in cells Source: table salt Potassium

  24. Needed for tissue growth Source: Nuts, seeds, beans, legumes, eggs, chicken, turkey, beef, lamb, wheat germ, shellfish, fish, oatmeal, baked potato, brown rice. Helps red blood cells carry oxygen Source: Wheat germ, dark green vegetables, liver, sardines, lean beef, chicken. Iron Zinc

  25. Iodine Needed for healthy red blood cells Boosts immunity Source: Nuts, beans, peanuts, whole wheat bread, liver, lean beef Needed by thyroid gland to control rate of energy used by cells Sources: Iodized salt, fish, kelp, seaweed Copper

  26. Vitamins and Minerals Exit Quiz 1. In the early 1900s, many children had a disease called rickets. Research showed that the children had a deficiency of a vitamin that is necessary for the proper formation of bones. Which of these vitamins was lacking in the diets of these children? • vitamin A • vitamin C • vitamin D • vitamin K

  27. Vitamins and Minerals Exit Quiz 2. Which vitamin helps your blood to clot? 3. Which vitamin keeps your eyes healthy?