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Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and Minerals

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Vitamins and Minerals

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  1. Vitamins and Minerals AnusornCherdthong, PhD 137748 Applied Biochemistry in Nutritional Science Email: anusornc@kku.ac.th • E-learning: http://ags.kku.ac.th/eLearning/137748

  2. Role of vitamins and minerals • Maintenance • Growth • Production • Reproduction • Health • Pigmentation (Chalong, 2543; Riis, 1983; McDonaldet al., 2011)

  3. The Nature of Vitamins • Vitamins are organic (carbon) compounds needed for normal function, growth and maintenance. • Vitamins are cofactors, they don’t do anything by themselves. • They are not a source of calories.

  4. Classification of vitamins • Fat soluble vitamins • A, D, E and K • Water soluble vitamins • B-Complex vitamins) and C (Chalong, 2543)

  5. Vitamins A Lots of double bonds, good anti-oxidant

  6. Vitamins A

  7. Vitamins D • Also known as calciferol due to its role in calcium absorption • Main role is to maintain calcium and potassium levels • It is the only fat soluble vitamin that we can make- in the presence of sunlight • Can be made from cholesterol

  8. Vitamins D

  9. Vitamins E

  10. Vitamins K

  11. Vitamins B1

  12. Vitamins B2

  13. Vitamins B3

  14. Vitamins B6

  15. Vitamins B12

  16. Vitamins C

  17. Role of Minerals • Bone and teeth composition • Organic matter composition: blood, tissue, membrane • Enzymes • Nerve system control • Consisted of horn, hair • Involve metabolic cycle

  18. Classification of minerals • Macro elements: • Ca, P, Na, K, Cl, Mg and S • Minor or trace elements: • Fe, I, Cu, Co, Mn, Zn, Se, Cr,

  19. Calcium (Ca) and Phosphorus (P)

  20. Sodium (Na)

  21. Potassium (K)

  22. Magnesium (Mg)

  23. Sulfur (S)

  24. Iron (Fe)

  25. Iodine (I)

  26. Copper (Cu)

  27. Cobalt (Co)

  28. Zinc (Zn)

  29. Fluorine (F)

  30. Selenium (Se)

  31. 1 2 3 Conclusion Role of vitamins and mineral Deficiency of vitamin and mineral Classification of vitamins and mineral

  32. Thank you!