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Vocabulary • Health • Wellness • Physical Health • Emotional/ mental health • Social health • Reactive decision making • Proactive decision making • Inactive decision making
Health is a condition of your mental, emotional, physical, and social well-being. • By making good decisions/choices and those choices leading to habits. How do you have good health?
How do we make decisions? • Decisions are made daily. • Three ways decisions are made: • Proactive- examine decision to be made, identifies and evaluates actions to take, selects an action, and takes responsibility for the consequences of this action. • Inactive- fail to make a choice and do not know what you want to do. Put off making a decision and live with whatever happens • Reactive- Allow others to make the decision for you. Usually you are influenced by what others do, think, and say.
Physical • Mental/ Emotional • Social • ** Each side of the triangle is equally important as the other side, in order to have good health.
When most of us think of health, we think of our physical health. • Physical health deals with the conditions of your body. How can you maintain physical health: • Think • Pair • Share
• Eat balanced meals • • Exercise • • Get 8 hours of sleep every night • • Maintain good hygiene • • Avoid drugs, alcohol, and tobacco • • Have regular check-ups (dental, vision, eyes)
Calculate the average number of hours you sleep at night. • How do you feel after getting very little sleep one night? • How do you wake yourself up the next morning when receiving little sleep?
Which of these responses are healthy/ unhealthy? • What changes can we make to keep them in balance?
Draw a circle on your paper and divide it into five pieces. • Fill in the five spots as I read a list to you. • Place a dot by each area, for every day you practice that health behavior.
This is how we express our feelings • Sharing your emotions with other people is important in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. • People who are emotionally healthy usually: •Express their emotions in healthy ways •Deal with sadness and ask for help if they need too •Accept both their strengths and weaknesses ( accept who you are) •Find solutions to problems •Find positive ways to manage stress
One volunteer • Tennis balls
How did the catcher do when the tennis balls came at them slowly, one at a time? • How did the catcher do when the tennis balls came at them faster, one at a time? • How did the catcher do when the tennis balls were all tossed to them at one time? • What can this activity tell us about stress in our lives? • Let’s list the things that cause stress in our lives. • What are some of the ways you handle stress in your life? • Are there positive and negative ways to handle stress? • What are the positive ways to handle stress? • What are the negative ways to handle stress? • Is stress always bad for us? • What makes stress bad for us? • What makes stress good for us?
Groups of five • 1 piece of paper • Pencil/ pen • 1 dice
How easy was it to roll a 6? • How high did you get in writing numbers? • How easy was it to get the pencil when it was your turn to write? Did it change when the game got closer to the end? How? • When the activity first began, what was the level of excitement in your group? • How did excitement change as people got closer to 50? • How can we compare this to stress in our lives? • How anxious do we feel about something that is going to happen a year down the road? • How does your anxiety level change the closer the event gets to happening? • Do we sometimes cause ourselves to be stressed when we don’t need to be? • What are behaviors we exhibit when we are under stress? • How does our behavior affect others? • What are some negative ways that we can reduce anxiety or stress level about future events? • What are some positive ways that we can reduce our anxiety or stress level about future events? • How can we help others reduce their levels of stress?
Good Mental Health is: • Being able to solve problems • Handling stress effectively and solving problems • Openness to new ideas and ways of doing things • Adapt/adjust to change
How well you get along with others. • It is your interaction with people. • By learning social skills you can improve on how well you get along with others. • Ask yourself the following questions: • • Am I considerate of other people? • • Do I show respect to others? • • Am I dependable? • • Do you share feelings with your friends? • Do you support friends when making good choices? • • Caring family member • • Making and keeping friends • • Giving and receiving support
What are some healthy ways to let friends know how you feel about them and their friendship means to you? • Happy Grams • How can you improve social health when you are bored? • When you are bored you probably play video games, what can you do instead of games?
Groups of 4-6 students • Each group chooses a bullet from slide 18. • In your group, develop a skit for the social skill assigned to your group. • 10-15 minutes to come up with your skit • PRESENT!
Balance health- turn to page 6 in the book. • Think-Pair-Share • What are the imbalances in the health triangles of the four students? • What is a reason for temporary imbalances in health triangles?
Title: My Health Triangle • Evaluate: Where do you spend most of your time? • Create: a triangle that represents your health lifestyle. • Label: each side appropriately • Tell: why your triangle is equal or off balance • Color: your triangle Turn it in: in the appropriate class basket and with your name on it.
Well ness is more than just being healthy; it is your overall state of well-being “total health”. • To achieve wellness it is important, to make good health a part of your daily routine.
Every decision will affect your wellness ( i.e. riding your bike or playing a video game; eating healthy snacks, etc.) by starting to develop good daily habits now, it will help to have positive long-term effects on your health and wellness in the future. (Think-pair-share). • • Take care of your body • • Deal with stress appropriately • • Stay emotionally healthy by expressing your feelings in a healthy way • • Socially be considerate of others
Exit Slip: Identify where your triangle is lacking. Make a Health Behavior Contract. Turn it in as you leave, you will get it back tomorrow to keep in your 3 ring binder. • Homework: Ask a parent or adult at home to tell you about an important health decision he/she made as a teen. Ask what were their concerns about appearance? Friends? Dating? Grades? Physical Changes? Music? Recreation? Parents? What were their greatest joys/ fears? Find out if it was the best choice they could have made.
What Influences Your Health? • Activity- Yarn Ball • Quiz One: You will have 10 minutes to complete quiz one.
Heredity • Environment • Adolescence • Hormones
Do you look more like one parent than the other? • This is because your inherit traits or characteristics from your parents. • Heredity-is the passing of traits from parents to child. • These traits help to determine your physical features. • Some diseases are inherited…sickle cell anemia is inherited. This disease causes blood cells to take the shape of an S and cause small blood clots and cause pain. • Other diseases such as diabetes, is affected by heredity and other factors (your diet).
Groups of 5 • One pencil per team • One blank piece of paper for each team
Which team was it better to be? The team with the highest or lowest score? • Which person on your team was most important? Why? • Which person was least important? Why? • How much control do you have over their height? Explain. • How would the world be if we were all the same height? • How do the differences help make our world a better place? • Should we judge other people by how tall or short they are? Why or why not? • How does the way a person looks affect the way they feel about themselves? • Should we judge people based on religion, physical handicaps, type of family they come from, or external characteristics? Why or why not?
Robert’s family moved from a ranch to a large city. Robert started coughing a lot more and his eyes were always itchy. His doctor said the pollutants in the air might have caused his allergies. • How many of you have ever moved? • You have to adapt or adjust to the new surroundings. • The surroundings can affect your health.
Your health can be affected by your environment. • The environment is all of the living and non-living things around you. • Think-pair-share of things in the environment • Examples: air pollution (secondhand smoke ), school, home, friends, family, etc. • What about another part of our health triangle?. • Some things in the environment we cannot control.
Adolescence • hormones
During your teenage years there will be changes that affect all sides of your health triangle. It is important to be able to adapt to these changes: • • Physical- • Be physically active • Eat nutritious meals and snacks • Get enough sleep • Avoid drugs, tobacco, and alcohol. • • Mental/ Emotional- • Use critical thinking skills. • Find positive ways to manage stress. • Ask for help from trusted adults. • • Social- • do your best to get along with others.
Did anyone have a friend that grew over the summer time? • Something that affects our physical growth is called adolescence. • Adolescence is the time of life between childhood and adulthood. Usually between ages 11-15. • During this time: • you may grow taller • grow hair • start perspiring • and many other things. • This all has to deal with your hormones. • Hormones are chemical substances, produced in glands, which help regulate many body functions. You do not just grow physically, but mentally/ emotionally and physically as well. • You will know when you reach adolescence by: • changing in voice • a growth spurt • and physical changes in people. • Most of the times your hands and feet grow first making some teens awkward or self-conscious.
Problems get harder the older you get. • You will start to develop the ability to reason and think logically. • You will also be able to think ahead and imagine possible outcomes of a situation. • You will be able to understand different points of view and see many solutions to a problem.
#1 • Tyler wants me to go out with him to check out a construction site, even though there’s a “No Trespassing” sign. • Think of the future and possible consequences:
#2 • I need to study for a history test tomorrow, but I have band practice this afternoon and I have to baby sit my little sister tonight. • Create possible solutions to the problem
Mood swings • New feelings toward others • Increased romantic interests • Increased interest in what is important to you • Read p. 11 as class
In your group, create a skit that shows mental/ emotional growth from the slip of paper given to your group.
During your teen years, friends will become increasingly important. Your relationship with family may change, but you may also play a more active role in your community. • Family-How does the role with your family change? Younger= more dependent on family. Older= more independent and making decisions for yourself • Friends-Choose to share your thoughts and feelings with friends instead of family. Your friends opinions are becoming more important to you. You will also find new friends who share similar interests with you ( soccer, football, academic team). • Community- Find ways to contribute to your community, whether it be through school and picking up litter or helping other students with homework. In your neighborhood you might donate clothes to the needy or support a local environment group. • Look at pg. 13. How have friends influenced your behavior and habits in the past year or two? What does this change indicate about your social growth?
At each table, create a list, by dividing a piece of paper into three sections: mental/ emotional health; social health; and physical health. • List several examples of growth in adolescence under each heading.
P. 13 • How have friends influenced your behavior and habits in the past year or two? • What does this change indicate about your social growth?
Exit Slip: • What are three things in your environment can affect your health? • Can you control any of them? • Which has a larger role in influencing your health: heredity or environment? • Identify one change during adolescence. • Homework- • Bring in a newspaper story or magazine article about a local accident or crime ( does not have to be recent). We will discuss them tomorrow in class. We will identify lifestyle choices that might have led to the incident.
Bell Ringer: • Quiz Two: Students will have 10 minutes to complete quiz two.
Lifestyle • Lifestyle factors • Attitude • Preventative Care • Cumulative risks • Precaution • Abstinence • Self-control
Choices we make reflect our lifestyles. • Your lifestyle is a set of behaviors by which you live your life. • A healthy lifestyle begins with a good attitude. • Lifestyle factors are behaviors that determine a person’s level of health.
Attitude is the way you think, act, or feel when making certain choices. • A good and positive attitude helps you to make choices that are good for you and your health. • Your attitude also includes how you feel about yourself. • If you like and respect yourself and believe others like and respect you, you will take care of yourself. YOU control your health. • If something in your health isn’t good, you have the choice to make a decision and improve it. • MAKE SURE never to ignore one part of your health while trying to improve another, because all parts are equally important.
Some risks are unavoidable in life. • A risk crossing the street to get to the bus is unavoidable. • These risks should not injure you or someone else if performed with care. • When you perform an action or behavior that might cause injury or harm to you or others then it is a risk behavior. • Some are noticeable • Some are not noticeable • Both can have a negative impact on your future health.