Unit one. Women of achievement. Foreword. For thousands of years the achievements of women have been largely ignored. History was written almost exclusively by men about men - men's accomplishments, and men's discoveries.
Women of achievement
For thousands of years the achievements of women have been largely ignored.
History was written almost exclusively by men about men - men's accomplishments, and men's discoveries.
But today, as women around the world are forging ahead in industry, politics, and the arts and sciences, it is more important than ever to look back at those who laid the groundwork for our current achievements.
Her government followed a radical program of privatization , reform of the Trade Unions, tax cuts and the introduction of market mechanisms into health and education. The aim was to reduce the role of government and increase individual self-reliance.
From humble beginnings, she created a Family dynasty that thrives to this day . She was the maker and marketer of creams, colognes and cosmetics.
1908---2004 Estee Lauder
The queen of creams
Her wedding was truly a royal wedding that every girl has dreamed of at one time or another. She truly had a Cinderella wedding.
Though her wedding became a tabloidspectacle, she remained loyal to her causes of helping children and the afflicted, especially those with AIDS. She represented youth, royalty, compassion, and beauty!
to Prince Charles
Agatha Christie 1890—1976
The queen of crimes
Jane Goodall 1934--
The Great Conservationist
In 1988, she became a special ambassador to the United Nations UNICEF fund helping children in Latin America and Africa.
She was the daughter of a wealthy British Landowner. She has always wanted to be a nurse, but it was not considered a proper profession for a young lady at that time. She went to the Crimea to help the wounded soldiers.
When Nightingale's sanitary reform was implemented, the mortality rate declined.
who is your hero?
Intelligent Ambitious Self-motivated Daring
Innovative Caring Positive Sensitive Persistent
Attitude is a little thing that makes a great difference!
Nothing is impossible to a willing heart.
Be a contented woman
Be a career woman
Pair work: Discussion
Your tips for girl peers to choose a life path.
Topic for boys:
Your own preference for a future path
Topic for girls:
Finish something successfully v.
The state that something is in n.
Help provided by government organizations for people with social and financial problems n.
An organization for a special purpose
The way in which two things are related to each other.
Someone who is very skilled at a subject n.
Use your time, effort,in order to do or help something be successful.v.
Something deserves the time, efforts and money. a.
A hollow place made by a bird to make its home in .n.
See and notice something. v.
To state ,give clear reasons, that sth is true
To give sb. the idea for a story, poem
The speed or number of times at which something happens over a period of time,
Take something somewhere,or make a speech to people. V.
Always thinking of what other people need or want.a.
Unwillingly to talk proudly about one’s abilities,and achievements.a.
You get a wonderful sense of a _________ when you reach the top.
The car has been well maintained and is in excellent c ________.
Poor working c _______ lead to demoralized and unproductive employees.
Most of the people in this neighborhood are on w ____.
He works in Social Science Research I ______.
He used his Mafia c ________ to find Pablo another job.
Martin started a c_______ for equal rights with white people.
He is a heart s_______.
He decided to s_________ in heart research .
Don’t try to repair it yourself—it requires s _______ knowledge.
I had this dress made s________ for the wedding.
I’m d ______ all my time and energy to being a mum.
Mother Teresa has d ______ herself to caring for the poor.
I would rather the money went to a w ________ cause.
I sat in a corner and o _______what was going on.
This custom has been o ________ by most people.
The UN has sent a team of o _______ to the peace talk.
She is in hospital under o ________.
Croft a ______ that a date should be set for the withdrawal of the troops.
Whether or not Webb is the best person for the job is a _________.
The couple’s a________ seemed to be about who was going to take the dog to the vet.
When he drinks, he becomes a __________.
The story was i_______by a chance meeting with a Russian duke.
I can always count on Gail to be s _________when things go wrong.
You can’t tear down the s _______ wall in decoration.
Our money was running out at an alarming r _____.
The divorce r _____ rose sharply this year.
I am having some flowers d ________for her birthday.
It is a custom for the principal to d _______a new term speech.
Jane Goodll’s work was supported by a famous scientist who had been studying how early people appeared on earth. He thought that early people might have developed from chimps and apes.
One difficulty Jane had was the way she identified the chimps in a family. She gave them names (not numbers) and noted their personal ways of doing things.
Questions for thinking:
you have problem doing something but the result is useful
Making it worthwhile:
Persuade people by your evidence, knowledge and arguments that their ideas were wrong.
To change the way people think about something:
You can’t forget the idea, and every time you stop to relax, the idea comes back to your mind
How did Jane do her research and why?
Work with the animals in their environment.
Only in this way could she observe and record the their daily activities.
What were the difficulties of her daily life?
Imagine how hard it would be to lead a hard life in the wild without her mum’s help.
Why was it important to study chimps in the wild?
They might not behave the same way when they are in captivity.
What is the structure of the reading passage?
Do you think it is well-organized?
Main idea for the first, second, third para?
How Jane and her group observed the chimps daily life.
How Jane started her life with African wild life.
The value and rewards of her persistence.
Do exercises on page 3, 4, 5,6
Qualities that makes a great person
If you train hard, you will become a good footballer.
This coat will make a good present for my father.
She concerned herself with welfare projects.
When she finished working, she concerns herself with looking after the old people.
This story concerns a young man who is wrongly imprisoned.
We are concerned about our teacher’s illness.
Is there a connection between the moon and the tide?
The light goes on and off. Is there a loose connection?
Jody helped found an international campaign to stop the use of the landmines.
The office started a campaign against smoking.
We started a campaign for money raising for the flooded area.
Bush was on campaign for re-election.
I mean to go abroad next week.
I am sorry for what I have said. I never mean to insult you.
To raise wages means producing cost.
Silence means consent.
He meant what he said.
What do you mean by…?你… 是什么意思?
What do you mean by coming here this morning?
She gave her husband a meaningful look?
He made several meaningful pauses during the speech.
Character determines destiny.
I am determined to leave and nothing can stop me.
Only after her mother came to help her was she allowed to begin her project. ( Inversion)
Only then did I realize that I was wrong.
Only in this way can you work out the problem.
Only when he comes back will we start the discussion.
Once you talk to him, you’ll know he is a good guy.
Once you show any fear, he will attack.
They managed to crowd into the train.
They crowded through the gates and into the stadium.
Memories crowded in upon me.
He crowded everything into the trunk and then could not close it.
One of them caught my eye.
The boy knocked on the window to catch my attention.
I was caught in a traffic jam.
She caught me smoking a cigarette.
Cut the death rate
Cut the report to four pages please!.
You must cut the expenses this month.
They cut the workers’ wages at will.
I don’t care for standing in queues
I care very little for fame.
Who is to care for me when I am in hospital?
The house looked well cared for.
No one cares about distant relatives nowadays.
Who thinks only of himself and doesn’t care about the others?
The book was intended for women who lived in the countryside.
What do you intend to do?
The experiment is intended to test the theory.
This gift is intended for you.
His remark was intended for me.
The movie is intended for adults only.
Deliver a baby for a poor family
She delivered twins at 4 a.m.
They delivered that woman.
The doctor delivered Mrs. Jones of triplets.
He delivered an important speech
We can deliver goods to your door.