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Public Policy

Public Policy

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Public Policy

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Public Policy • Federalism • Social Policy • Economic Policy

  2. Federalism • State Government • State Parliament • Chief Minister • Village Panchayats (Part IX of Constitution)

  3. Social Policy Affirmative Action • Reserved seats in elected parliaments • National Commission for Scheduled Castes • National Commission for Scheduled Tribes • Government Positions

  4. Reserved Seats in Parliament (Art. 330)

  5. Socialist Economic Policy • Nationalization • National Planning Commission – 1950 • Five Year Plans • “Hindu Rate of Growth” -- 3.2%

  6. 1990s Economic Crisis

  7. Political-Military Crisis

  8. Nehru Dynasty over 1991 Reforms PM P.V, NarasimhaRao, 1991-96 Finance Minister Manmohan Singh Reforms Begin: Congress Party

  9. The Reforms • Open up economy to foreign investment • Privatization • Ending government control of economy • Reduce government regulation • Export Processing Zones

  10. Economic Results (from BBC News: China and India, Key Facts; http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/guides/456900/456964/html/nn3page1.stma)

  11. Political Results • 1996 Election

  12. BJP Constituency • Elites who benefit from government policy • Government employees • Business protected by the government • Poor who live off government assistance • Anti-affirmative action groups • Hindu nationalists

  13. Economic Reform • BJP vs. Congress • Pace • Depth • Openness