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Nonpoint Source Pollution: Car Washing’s Contribution. Karen Alden, MPH Student Walden University PUBH 6165-1 Instructor: Dr. Howard Rubin Spring, 2011. Objectives . Define nonpoint source pollutants Identify how they enter our water supply Identify responsibility Define the problem

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nonpoint source pollution car washing s contribution

Nonpoint Source Pollution: Car Washing’s Contribution

Karen Alden, MPH Student

Walden University

PUBH 6165-1

Instructor: Dr. Howard Rubin

Spring, 2011

objectives
Objectives
  • Define nonpoint source pollutants
  • Identify how they enter our water supply
  • Identify responsibility
  • Define the problem
  • Offer solutions
what is nonpoint source nps pollution
What is Nonpoint Source (NPS) Pollution?
  • Natural
  • Human-made

Source: Environment Protection Agency (2010). What is nonpoint source pollution?

Retrieved from www.epa.gov/owow_keep/NPS/whatis.html on April 15, 2010.

how do nps pollutants enter our water supply
How do NPS pollutants enter our water supply?

Crucial Car Pollutants

Toxic Cleaning Solutions

Polluted Wash Runoff

Storm Drains

Ashuelot/Connecticut Rivers

Source: Environment Protection Agency (2010). What is nonpoint source pollution?

Retrieved from www.epa.gov/owow_keep/NPS/whatis.html on April 15, 2010.

our responsibility
Our Responsibility!
  • United States
    • 25% of U.S. population are chronic car washers
    • 27 million potential residential car wash polluters
  • Keene
    • Equivalent to 5,852 potential residential car wash polluters

Source: S. EPA, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (2010). Residential car washing.

Retrieved from:

cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm?action=factsheet_results&view=specific&bmp=96 on

May 2, 2011.

but 1 st a history
…but 1st a HISTORY
  • National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, Phase I, 1992
  • National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, Phase II, 1999
  • Dept of Ecology, 2008
the problem with residential car washing
55-70% of households wash their cars at home

60% of residents at least once a month

70-90% of residents indicated the car wash water drained into the street.

The Problem with Residential Car Washing

Source: Environmental Protection Agency (2005). National management

measures to control nonpoint source pollution from urban areas, Management measure 9: Pollution prevention.

Retrieved from:

water.epa.gov/polwaste/nps/urban/upload/2005_12_08_NPS_urbanmm_urban_ch09.pdf on April 24, 2011.

the problem with car wash fundraising
The Problem with Car Wash Fundraising
  • 2,000-7,000 gallons of water/event (2002)
  • A single event equivalent to a 6,000 gallon sewage spill.
  • Collectively equivalent to 23 Exxon Valdez oil spills/yr in the continental U.S. (2002)

Source: New England Car Wash Association (2009).

Answers to consumer questions about car washing. Retrieved from:

www.newenglandcarwash.org/feature/2733/answers-to-consumer-questions-about-car-washing.htm

on May 2, 2011.

the pollutants
The Pollutants
  • Crucial Pollutants
    • Petroleum hydrocarbon waste
      • Gasoline, diesel, motor oil, fluids, lubricants
    • Nutrients
      • Phosphorous and nitrogen
    • Ammonia
    • Surfactants
    • Solids

Source: City of Federal Way Public Works Dept./Surface Water Management Division (2009).

Residential car washwater monitoring study.

what harm do these pollutants cause
What Harm Do These Pollutants Cause?
  • Petroleum hydrocarbon waste
    • Highly toxic
    • Harm through contact, ingestion, destruction of ecosystem
    • Quantity toxic substance/Affected Surface Area Ratio
  • Nutrients
    • Promotion of eutrophication
    • Promotion of algal blooms

Source: City of Federal Way Public Works Dept./Surface Water Management Division (2009). Residential car washwater monitoring study.

what harm do these pollutants cause cont
What Harm Do These Pollutants Cause? (cont.)
  • Ammonia
    • Toxicity to fish
  • Surfactants
    • Toxicity to aquatic life
  • Solids
    • Most common pollutant
    • Decrease suitability for humans and aquatic life

Source: City of Federal Way Public Works Dept./Surface Water Management Division (2009). Residential car washwater monitoring study.

car washing pollution solutions
Car Washing Pollution Solutions
  • Prevention Pollution Program Development
    • Residents
    • Charity Organizations
    • Car Wash Businesses
  • Containment Equipment Available
    • Catch-basin insert with sump pump
    • Vacuum/boom device “Bubble Buster”
car washing pollution solution costs
Car Washing Pollution Solution Costs
  • Containment Equipment
    • Catch basin insert
      • Approx $65
    • Vacuum/boom device “Bubble Buster”
      • Ranging $2,000 - $2,500

Source: U.S. EPA, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (2010). Residential car washing.

Retrieved from:

cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm?action=factsheet_results&view=specific&bmp=96 on

May 2, 2011.

car washing pollution solution costs cont
Car Washing Pollution Solution Costs (cont.)
  • Staffing/Materials
    • Sound Car Wash Program-Kitsap County, WA (25 wk program)
      • Staff time 1-15 hrs/wk
      • Materials and Equipment $1,500 to 3,000
    • Clean Bay Car Wash Kits Program-Tacoma, WA (annual program)
      • Staff time < 2 wks/yr
      • Equipment $2,000/yr

Source: U.S. EPA, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (2010). Residential car washing.

Retrieved from:

cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm?action=factsheet_results&view=specific&bmp=96 on

May 2, 2011.

car washing pollution solution savings
Car Washing Pollution Solution Savings
  • 75,000 U.S. professional car wash operators
  • Specialized technology
  • Federal compliance of environmentally harmful substances
  • 1 million gallons saved/1 professional car wash operator

Source: New England Car Wash Association (2009).

Answers to consumer questions about car washing. Retrieved from:

www.newenglandcarwash.org/feature/2733/answers-to-consumer-questions-about-car-washing.htm

on May 2, 2011.

additional sources
Additional Sources
  • www.epa.gov/owow_keep/NPS/whatis.html
  • www.epa.gov/owow_keep/NPS/whatudo.html
  • www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/solution_to_pollution.pdf
  • National Management Measures to Control NPS from Urban Areas, water.epa.gov/polwaste/nps/urban/upload/2005_12_08_NPS_urbanmm_urban_ch09.pdf
  • National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, www.noaa.gov.
  • Residential Car Washwater Monitoring Study, http://www.carwash.org/SiteCollectionDocuments/2009%20FW%20CarWash%20water%20Monitoring%20Study.pdf
  • Stormwater strategies: Community responses to runoff pollution.www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/storm/chap2.asp
  • University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center, www.unh.edu/unhsc.
references
References

City of Federal Way, Public Works Department, Surface Water Management Division (2009). Residential car washwater monitoring study. Retrieved from http://www.carwash.org/SiteCollectionDocuments/2009%20FW%20CarWash%20water%20Monitoring%20Study.pdf on May2, 2011.

Environmental Protection Agency (2003). Making your home the solution to stormwater pollution: A homeowner’s guide to healthy habits for clean water. Retrieved from www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/solution_to_pollution.pdf on April 24, 2011.

Environmental Protection Agency (2005). National management measures to control nonpoint source pollution from urban areas, Management measure 9: Pollution prevention. Retrieved from water.epa.gov/polwaste/nps/urban/upload/2005_12_08_NPS_urbanmm_urban_ch09.pdf on April 24, 2011.

Environment Protection Agency (2010). What is nonpoint source pollution? Retrieved from www.epa.gov/owow_keep/NPS/whatis.html on April 15, 2010.

Environmental Protection Agency (2010). What you can do to prevent NPS pollution. Retrieved from www.epa.gov/owow_keep/NPS/whatudo.html on April 15, 2010.

Massachusetts Energy & Environmental Affairs (2011). Connecticut river watershed. Retrieved from www.mass.gov/?pageID=eoeeaterminal&L=4&L0=Home&L1=Air%2C+Water+%26+Climate+Change&L2=Preserving+Water+Resources&L3=Massachusetts+Watersheds&sid=Eoeea&b=terminalcontent&f=eea_water_connecticut&csid=Eoeea on May 15, 2011

references cont
References (cont.)

Natural Resources Defense Council (1999). Stormwater strategies: Community responses to runoff pollution. Retrieved from www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/storm/chap2.asp on May 2, 2011.

New England Car Wash Association (2009). Answers to consumer questions about car washing. Retrieved from www.newenglandcarwash.org/feature/2733/answers-to-consumer-questions-about-car-washing.htm on May 2, 2011.

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (2003). Perspectives on the coastal nonpoint program. Retrieved from www.magazine.noaa.gov/stories/mag112.htm on May 15, 2011.

United States Census Bureau (2010). American factfinder. Retrieved from factfinder2.census.gov on March 23, 2010.

United States Environmental Protection Agency, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (2010). Residential car washing. Retrieved from U.S. EPA, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (2010). Residential car washing. Retrieved from cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/menuofbmps/index.cfm?action=factsheet_results&view=specific&bmp=96 on May 2, 2011.