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13 Colonies

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  1. 13 Colonies

  2. New England Colonies • Rhode Island • Connecticut • Massachusetts • New Hampshire

  3. New England • Climate and Physical Features • Rocky Soils • Short farming season • Subsistence farming • Bad farming conditions • Great harbors for port • Cities like Boston

  4. New England • Economic Comparative Advantage • Commercial businesses ($$$) • Fishing • Shipping • manufacturing

  5. New England • Why colonies were started • Religious freedom • Pilgrims, Puritans fled England for Massachusetts

  6. The New England Colonies Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Connecticut

  7. Rhode Island • Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence • Major Industry: Agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering) • Major Cities: Providence • Colony Named for: Dutch for "red island" • Became a State: May 29, 1790

  8. Connecticut • Founded: 1636 by Thomas Hooker and others, at Hartford • Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, fishing) • Major Cities: Hartford, New Haven • Colony Named for: from an Algonquin word, quinnehtukqut, "beside the long tidal river" • Became a State: February 6, 1788

  9. Massachusetts • Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts Bay • Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding) • Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord • Colony Named for: Massachusetts tribe (word means "large hill place") • Became a State: February 6, 1788

  10. New Hampshire • Founded: 1638 by John Wheelwright and others • Major Industry: Agriculture (potatoes, fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding) • Major Cities: Concord • Colony Named for: county of Hampshire in England • Became a State: June 21, 1788

  11. Middle Colonies • Delaware • Pennsylvania • New York • New Jersey

  12. Middle Colonies • Climate and Physical Features • Good Soil • Longer growing seasons than New England • Ok Harbors

  13. Middle Colonies • Economic Comparative Advantage • Known as the “Breadbasket” • Grew crops like wheat and corn • Provided food for other colonies • Some shipping and manufacturing

  14. Middle Colonies • Why colonies were started • Religious Freedom • Make money through trade (New York and New Jersey)

  15. The Middle Colonies New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware

  16. Delaware • Founded: 1638 by Peter Minuit and others • Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing), Manufacturing (lumbering) • Major Cities: Wilmington • Colony Named for: named for the Delaware tribe and for an early governor of colonial Virginia, Lord de la Warr • Became a State: December 7, 1787

  17. Pennsylvania • Founded: 1682 by William Penn and others, at Philadelphia • Major Industry: Agriculture (wheat, corn, cattle, dairy), Manufacturing (textiles, papermaking, shipbuilding) • Major Cities: Philadelphia, Lancaster, York • Colony Named for: William Penn and sylvania, Latin for "forest" • Became a State: December 12, 1787

  18. New York • Founded: 1626 by Peter Minuit and others, on Manhattan Island • Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat) • Major Cities: New York City, Albany • Colony Named for: Duke of York • Became a State: July 26, 1788

  19. New Jersey • Founded: 1664 by English colonists • Major Industry: Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering) • Major Cities: Trenton, Princeton • Colony Named for: Isle of Jersey in England • Became a State: December 18, 1787

  20. Southern Colonies • Maryland • Virginia • North Carolina • South Carolina • Georgia

  21. Southern Colonies • Climate and Physical Features • Great Soil • Warm Weather • Very long growing seasons • Bad harbors

  22. Southern Colonies • Economic Comparative Advantage • Focused on farming cash crops • Large plantation farms for tobacco, cotton, and indigo • Almost no shipping

  23. Southern Colonies • Why colonies were started • Almost all were started to make money by growing cash crops • Maryland was started for religious freedom • Georgia • A place for criminals/ debtors

  24. Southern Colonies Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia

  25. Maryland • Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others, at Baltimore • Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo) • Major Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis • Colony Named for: Queen Henrietta Maria of England • Became a State: April 28, 1788

  26. Virginia • Founded: 1607 by John Smith and others, at Jamestown • Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (tobacco, wheat, corn) • Major Cities: Jamestown, Williamsburg, Richmond • Colony Named for: England's "Virgin Queen," Elizabeth I • Became a State: June 25, 1788

  27. North Carolina • Founded: 1653 by Virginia colonists • Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco) • Major Cities: Raleigh • Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England • Became a State: November 21, 1789

  28. South Carolina • Founded: 1663 by English colonists • Major Industry: Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco, cotton, cattle) • Major Cities: Charleston • Colony Named for: from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England • Became a State: May 23, 1788

  29. Georgia • Founded: 1732 by James Oglethorpe and others • Major Industry: Agriculture (indigo, rice, sugar) • Major Cities: Savannah • Colony Named for: England's King George II • Became a State: January 2, 1788