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13 Colonies

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  1. 13 Colonies New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies

  2. New England-1620

  3. New England Colonies

  4. New England Colonies Massachusetts Bay Colony Rhode Island Colony Connecticut Colony New Hampshire Colony

  5. New England Colonies - Vocabulary Puritan Town meeting A member of the Church of England who settled in North America to follow Christian beliefs in a more “pure” way. An gathering in the New England Colonies in which male landowners could take part in voting and other town business.

  6. New England Colonies - Vocabulary Triangular Trade Routes The trade routes referred as the “Triangular Trade Route” connected England and the Colonies and West Africa. (The king only wanted English trading to be done between England and English Colonies.)

  7. New England Colonies-Land Usage Issues Native Americans of New England English Settlers of New England Colonies Didn’t believe any one person could own land. They thought that by selling the land to the settlers, they were agreeing to share the land. Bought land from the Indians to keep for themselves. They fought with the Indians to force them off the land. Pequot War: forced Indians off the land.

  8. Massachusetts Bay Colony

  9. Massachusetts Bay Colony

  10. Massachusetts Bay Colony

  11. Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1628 Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? Puritans Religious freedom Escape from religious persecution in England

  12. Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1628 Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? (jobs) • John Winthrop • Brought the 2nd group of Puritans to Massachusetts Bay Colony • Governed many times in 20 years • Organized confederation of New England Fishing Fur trading Ship building Lumber/timber whaling

  13. Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1628 John Endecott Roger Williams Led the 1st group of Puritans to Massachusetts Bay Colony Minister in Salem, MA Left Mass. Bay Colony because he believed people should follow their own religion and not have to be Puritan Started Rhode Island Colony

  14. Massachusetts Bay Colony - 1628 Puritans wanted to create a “pure” church and set an example Everyone had to be Puritan Strict law, ruled by Puritan ministers Original settlements were Boston and Salem —Plymouth joins in 1691 New Bedford was very important to whaling industry Town meetings where open to everyone, but only landowning men cold vote

  15. Rhode Island Colony

  16. Rhode Island Colony - 1636 Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? Dissenting Puritans following Roger Williams Religious freedom (dissention from Puritan religion)

  17. Rhode Island Colony - 1636 Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? • Roger Williams • Minister in Salem • Left Mass. Bay Colony because he believed people should be able to follow their own religion. • Started Rhode Island Colony Ship building Trading Whaling/fishing

  18. Rhode Island Colony - 1636 Anne Hutchinson Roger Williams Expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for questioning the Puritan ministers Believe in the right to worship as you choose Settled in Rhode Island Colony Believed in the right to worship as you choose Minister Founded Rhode Island Colony

  19. Rhode Island Colony - 1663 First to allowed freedom of religion (any religion) Believed in separation of church and state Worked with the native Narragansett Indians Anne Hutchinson and followers joined them later

  20. Connecticut Colony

  21. Connecticut Colony - 1636 Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? Disenchanted Puritans (Puritans who wanted more religious freedoms) More religious freedom than Mass. Bay Colony Better farm land More trade possibilities More political freedom than Mass. Bay Colony

  22. Connecticut Colony - 1636 Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? • Thomas Hooker • Founded Connecticut Colony Farming Ship building

  23. Connecticut Colony - 1636 Founded by Thomas Hooker Three settlements combined to form Connecticut Colony Established Fundamental Order: allowed landowning men to vote for their leaders One of the first written plans of government in North America.

  24. New Hampshire Colony

  25. New Hampshire Colony - 1679 Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? English settlers More fertile farmland

  26. New Hampshire Colony - 1679 Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? • David Thomson • Founded New Hampshire Colony Fishing timber

  27. New Hampshire Colony - 1679 David Thomson started Strawberry Bank in 1623

  28. Middle Colonies (The Bread Basket) New York Colony, 1664 New Jersey Colony, 1664 (New Netherland takeover) Pennsylvania Colony, 1681 Delaware Colony, 1704

  29. Middle Colonies

  30. Middle Colonies Henry Hudson Benjamin Franklin Dutch explorer who explored the East Coast for Holland Explored what is now New York, New Jersey, and Delaware Famous American inventor and thinker Wrote “Poor Richard’s Almanac” Organized the first firefighting company Published a newspaper Made many inventions (ie lightening rod) Made the first library

  31. Backcountry Settlers Middle Colonies Colonists who left the settlements and went to live in the Piedmont Lived in the foothills between the lowland coast and the Appalachian mountains Used the Great Wagon Road to get here Planted crops like Native Americans, with beans, corn, and squash in the same mound. Most lived in log huts with dirt floors and no windows Made almost everything they needed

  32. Middle Colonies • Dutch and Swedes: in New Netherland and New Sweden • French, Scotch Irish, and Welsh: came for economic reasons and freedom of religion • Jews and Catholics: came for religious freedom..the first group of Jews settled on New Amsterdam • Others came to escape war and famine (starvation) in Europe • Many free Africans lived in Philadelphia • Germans: came for economic reasons and freedom of religion and brought • barn raising • gun making • Conestoga wagon construction Immigrant Groups that settled in the Middle Atlantic Colonies:

  33. Middle Colonies Immigrant militia A person who comes from another country to make new home Volunteer army

  34. Middle Colonies Almanac The Piedmont The book that Ben Franklin published each year with a calendar, weather forecasts, stories, jokes and wise sayings An area at or near the foot of a mountain. The Piedmont begins in New Jersey and stretches as far south as Alabama

  35. Middle Colonies Refuge Farm produce A safe place to live and worship Grains, fruits and vegetables

  36. Middle Colonies Trial by jury Great Awakening The right of people accused of breaking the law to be tried by a group of fellow citizens A movement that called for a rebirth (redo) of religious ways of life

  37. Middle Colonies Justice Township fairness An area of land

  38. New York Colony

  39. New York Colony - 1664 Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? King Charles II King Charles II wanted to expand the colonies English takeover of New Netherland (a Dutch settlement that was looking for religious freedom)

  40. New York Colony - 1664 Peter Stuyvesant John Berkeley & George Carteret Dutch leader of New Netherland Very strict but made the colony successful Dutch settlers didn’t like him, so they didn’t fight the English when they came to take over New York. Englishmen who were given part of New York and New Jersey by the Duke of York

  41. New York Colony - 1664 Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? Duke of York Fur trade Cattle wheat

  42. New York Colony - 1664 Started as the Dutch colony of New Netherland Major town: New Amsterdam first Jewish settlement English wanted to expand their land, so they declared war on Holland English took it without any fighting because the Dutch settlers didn’t like their leaders English changed it and called it New York Settlers cam from many places to New Amsterdam, including the first group of Jews in North America

  43. New Jersey Colony

  44. New Jersey Colony

  45. New Jersey Colony - 1664 Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? English King Charles II Part of the expanding of land for England by King Charles II Was part of New Netherland

  46. New Jersey - 1664 Who led the settlement? What economies did the colony develop? John Berkeley George Carteret Iron Ship building

  47. New Jersey - 1664 Religious group who believed in peace and equality Believe that people are basically good Refuse to fight (pacifists) Treated poorly in England for refusing to fight Bought out Berkeley’s share of New Jersey The Quakers, or Society of Friends

  48. New Jersey - 1664 Used to be part of New Netherland When the English took over, they split the colony into New York Colony and New Jersey Colony Sold the land cheaply to anyone who wanted to come there

  49. Pennsylvania Colony

  50. Pennsylvania Colony - 1681 Who or what country financed the settlement? Why was the colony founded? It was a repayment to William Penn, from King Charles II William Penn had loaned money to King Charles II It was a “holy” experiment established by the Quaker colony William Penn, the owner welcomed everyone