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Inquiry, Phase 4: Creating. Parenthetical Referencing MLA, 7 th ed. A SLIC Lesson B. Dillon, Teacher-Librarian November 2011. Graphic used with permission of OSLA. Remember….

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inquiry phase 4 creating

Inquiry, Phase 4: Creating

Parenthetical Referencing

MLA, 7th ed.

A SLIC Lesson

B. Dillon, Teacher-Librarian

November 2011

Graphic used with permission of OSLA

remember
Remember…
  • EVERY source in your Works Cited MUST correspond to a parenthetical citation in your essay or report.
  • Every parenthetical citation MUST correspond to a source in your Works Cited.
to reference or not to reference
To reference or not to reference…
  • Reference quotations, paraphrases, summaries, ideas, and facts and figures (unless commonly known).
  • Is it a statement that would be regarded as common knowledge? Don’t reference it.
  • Caution – defining “common knowledge” can be tricky as it depends on your audience.
  • Not sure? Reference it.
  • Don’t be afraid to ask for help!
parenthetical citations why
Parenthetical Citations: Why?
  • used instead of footnotes or endnotes
  • serve the same purpose: tell reader what material is borrowed and from where
  • refer reader to Works Cited for complete information
parenthetical citations how
Parenthetical Citations: How?
  • embedded in essay or report
  • place parentheses (…) at end of borrowed material
    • can be in middle of sentence
    • can have multiple references in same sentence
    • reference is BEFORE closing punctuation
  • include author(s)’ last name(s), title (can be abbreviated), page number
  • e.g. (Doe, School Library 10) in text refers to

Doe, Jane. School Library Information Centres. Mississauga, ON: SLIC Publishing, 2006. Print.

example encyclopedia article
Example: Encyclopedia Article

Works Cited Entry:

Granatstein, J. L. “Sauvé, Jeanne Mathilde.”

World Book. 2005 ed. Print.

Parenthetical Reference:

(Granatstein, “Sauvé” 356)

example book one author not in series
Example: Book(one author, not in series)

Works Cited Entry:

Greenwood, Barbara. Jeanne Sauvé. Markham ON: Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ltd., 1989. Print.

Parenthetical Reference:

(Greenwood, Jeanne Sauvé 10)

example book two authors
Example: Book, Two Authors

Works Cited Entry:

Smith, Jane and John Doe. Modern School Libraries. Mississauga ON: Library Publishers, Ltd., 2011. Print.

Parenthetical Reference:

(Smith and Doe, Modern 26)

example book in series
Example: Book in Series

Works Cited Entry:

Douglas Baldwin, and Patricia Baldwin. Time of Transition. Calgary AB: Weigl Educational Publishers Ltd., 2007. Print. Prime Ministers of Canada.

Parenthetical Reference:

(Baldwin and Baldwin, Time 10)

example online encyclopedia
Example: Online Encyclopedia

Works Cited Entry:

“Sauvé, Jeanne - Mathilde.” The Canadian

Encyclopedia. Historica Foundation of Canada, 2006. Web. 6 Nov. 2006.

Parenthetical Reference:

(“Sauvé”)

example website
Example: Website

Works Cited Entry:

“Jeanne Sauvé, A Woman of Firsts.” The CBC Digital Archives Website. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 24 July 2006. Web. 6 Nov. 2006

Parenthetical Reference:

(“Jeanne Sauvé”)

online government document
Online Government Document

Works Cited Entry:

Canada. Prime Minister of Canada. Canada’s Prime Ministers: A. Kim Campbell. n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2011.

Parenthetical Reference:

(Canada, PMC, Canada’s…Campbell)

assignment sample
Assignment Sample

header with last name, 1 space, page numberDillon 1

margins 1”, all sides, entire page double spaced

NO title page, upper right corner page 1: student name, instructor name, course, date

Brenda Dillon

Ms. Poletto

ESL CODOEO-01

15 November 2011

Lester Bowles Pearson: Quintessential Canadian title centred, plain

indent ½ “ Lester Bowles Pearson, the son of a Methodist parson (Bothwell, “Pearson”),

was born in Newton Brook, Ontario on April 23, 1897 (Canada, LAC, First …Quick Facts). His

university…

parenthetical referencing sample
Parenthetical Referencing Sample

…Pearson died in Ottawa on December 27, 1972 (Canada, LAC, First…Quick

Facts). His legacy includes the Canada Pension Plan, universal medicare,

unified armed forces, a new national flag (Bothwell, “Pearson”), and the Auto

Pact (Canada, LAC, First…Quick Facts). Pearson was also responsible for

Canada’s involvement in UN Peacekeeping missions (Baldwin and Baldwin,

Time 39). Lester Bowles Pearson “may have had failings as a prime

minister, but he had few failings as a human being” (Baldwin and Baldwin,

Time 39). He led a life of service to his country and is justly remembered as

one of Canada’s greatest statesmen.

works cited sample
Works Cited Sample

continue header – last name, page number Dillon 3

Works Cited

Baldwin, Douglas, and Patricia Baldwin. Time of Transition. Calgary AB: Weigl Educational Publishers Limited, 2007. Print. Prime Ministers of Canada.

Bothwell, Robert. “Pearson, Lester Bowles”. The Canadian Encyclopedia.

Historica Foundation of Canada, 2011. Web. 14 Nov. 2011.

Canada. Library and Archives Canada. First Among Equals: The Prime Minister in Canadian Life and Politics - The Right Honourable Lester Bowles Pearson: Biography. 11 Apr. 2006. Web. 9 Jan. 2011.

slide16
Dillon 4

Canada. Library and Archives Canada. First Among Equals: The Prime Minister in Canadian Life and Politics - The Right Honourable Lester Bowles Pearson: Quick Facts. 29 Jan. 2002. Web. 9 Jan. 2011.

notes
NOTES
  • MLA 7th ed. format requires inclusion of a format term
    • most common: Print, Web, PDF
  • No publisher? Use N.p.
  • No source date? Use n.d.