Journal • What were the four MAIN causes of WWI?
On a clean page: SWABAT! • Identify the countries that fought for the Central Powers and the Allied Powers in WWI • Define “total war”. • Explain how World War One was a total war. • Define “war of attrition”. • Explain how WWI was a war of attrition. • Describe the roles women played in WWI. • Identify new tactics & technologies used in WWI • Describe the human cost of WWI
The Spark!Assassination of Francis Ferdinand • Austria-Hungry has a province of Bosnia. • Most Bosnians believe they should be part of Serbia not Aust.-Hung • On a visit a Ferdinand was shot along with his wife, in a car. • This act leads to nations calling on their alliances & mobilizing troops
1. Who is this guy? 2. How did this start a World War???
The Assassin: GavriloPrincip
The Spark causes a Chain Reaction • Ger assured Aust.-Hng support (ally) • Confident Aust-Hng gives ultimatum to Serb. and declares war. • Rus steps in to help Serb (ally) • Ger declares war on Rus • Ger delcares war on Belguim (Bel) to get to France (Fr) • Alliances go into full effect and Europe is engulfed in war
Two Armed Camps * SWABAT 1 Central Powers: Allied Powers: Germany Great Britain Austria-Hungary France Russia Ottoman Empire Italy switched before fighting began!
WWI was a “Total War” • In a total war, the countries involved totally mobilize (call to action) all their available forces at home and abroad. • More people were involved in this war than in any previous conflict in world history! • Total war often does not differentiate between civilians and soldiers so there are many civilian casualties. • Countries wage the most destructive war possible *swabat 2
The Schlieffen Plan Knock out the West before they are ready then speed to the East
WWI was a “War of Attrition” • A military strategy accepting heavy casualties • Trying to win a war simply by outlasting your opponents • You fight and refuse to give un until your opponents run out of supplies, soldiers, and the will to fight • In a war of attrition the side with the most resources (people, food, arms, financing, etc) usually wins. *SWABAT 3
Assignment: The Lost Battalion 1. Summarize Summarize your notes, by completing the first 5 SWABATs.
Journal When fighting a war of attrition a country accepts ________________, but hopes to _____________________. In the film “The Lost Battalion,” _________________________ showed that WWI as a war of attrition. To win a war of attrition, you need to have _________________________. * Get out your SpartsWrite*
Financing the War To win a war of attrition you need money to spend on the military! How? Bonds- essentially giving your government a loan with interest.
Recruitment Posters To win a war of attrition you need more soldiers than your enemy!
Women played a crucial role in WWI! • Women played a more significant role in this war than in any previous war in history • Nurses • Factory Workers • Farmers
Trench Warfare War of attrition often leads to “stalemate” Battles would lead to very high casualties only for a few hundred yards
It is estimated that by the End of 1914 (the first Year of the war) the Allied and central powers Dug a combined total of 6,520 miles of trenches!
Trench Warfare “No Man’s Land”
NEW TECHNOLOGY The new technology of WWI made fighting much more deadly
The Airplane “Squadron Over the Brenta”Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
Poison Gas Machine Gun
Verdun – February, 1916 Each side had 500,000 casualties.
The Somme – July, 1916 • 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day. • Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.