Urbanization Migration Immigration Assimilation Exclusion American Protective Association Immigration Restriction League
Redefining the city Public Parks Frederick Law Olmstead Public cultural centers Philanthropy 1893 Columbian Exposition of Chicago Housing Developments Suburbs Tenement buildings Jacob Riis Infrastructure Transportation Roads & bridges Brooklyn Bridge Skyscrapers
Problems of the City Disasters Great Fires Chicago Earthquakes
Problems of the city (con’t) Department of Water Works Medical and sanitation advances Crime Poverty “deserving poor” Salvation Army Crime rate increases Political machine William M. Tweed
Some improved working conditions • Henry Ford • Assembly Line • Frederick Taylor • Scientific Mgt.
Did you know?????Prices in the early 1900’s Average house = $2,000 Annual salary = $708.00 Gallon of gas = 5 cents Ford’s Model A = $850.00 Ford’s Model T = $575.00—after the assembly line
Trends in Shopping Rising incomes Women in the marketplace Consumers National Consumer League New opportunities Department stores Chain stores A & P F. W. Woolworth
Entertainment Sporting Events Baseball Barn storming Football Basketball James Naismith Prize Fighting Music and Theatre Vaudeville Nickelodeons Motion picture D.W. Griffith
Entertainment (con’t) Pleasure Parks Central Park Coney Island Luna Park Dreamland Literature Newspaper production Dime novels The Red Badge of Courage
Other forms of entertainment Family gatherings Telephone Switchboard
Growth in Education Public Schools Colleges and Universities Private institutions Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862
Women in the Victorian Age Separate “spheres” Higher education Mount Holyoke Changing roles in society
VegetablesAppetizersHalf of a Cantaloupe 10¢ Sliced Orange 10¢ Young Onions 5¢ Sliced Tomatoes 10¢ New Radishes 5¢ Sliced Cucumbers 10¢ • SoupOld Fashion Navy Bean 10¢ • DrinksCoffee 5¢ Milk 5¢ Tea 5¢ DessertLemon Layer Cake 5¢ Ice Cream 10¢ Ice Cream and Cake 15¢ Raspberries and Cream 10¢ Rhubarb Pie 5¢ Green Apple Pie 5¢ • Main CourseChannel Catfish 20¢ Pork Tenderloins 20¢ Omelet with Jelly 15¢ Roast Pork with Applesauce 20¢ Chicken Fricassee 20¢ Roast Beef 15¢ Pork and Beans 15¢ • Corn on the Cob 10¢ Buttered Beets 5¢ Mashed Potatoes 5¢ Pickled Beets 5¢ Cole Slaw 5¢ Salad 10¢
Did you Know???? Cost of a ticket (one way):First-Class (parlor suite): £870/$4,350 ($50,000 today).First-Class (berth): £30/$150 ($1,724 today).2 Executive Suites on Board ($ 78,000 today)
2nd Class Cabins • Cost of a Second-Class ticket (one way): £12/$60 ($690 today).
Cost of a Third-Class ticket (one way): £3/$15 to £8/$40 ($172 to $460 today).