THE LINEAR CITY: A MODEL OF A SUSTAINABLE CITY? The linear city was a proposal made by Arturio Soria at the end of the 19th century, to turn Madrid into a more human city , a city which was closer to nature.
Arturo Soria´s aim was to solve some of the problems that Madrid had at that time: transport, overpopulation and sanitary conditions.
There were two different theories to solve the problems caused by the industrial revolution:
Hygienist theories:Their objective was to improve the sanitary conditions of the city.Proposals:- to buid wider streets - to build detached or semidetached houses.
THE PROJECT • The final project was a linear city surrounded by nature, and with a central area for services.
The new houses • The new houses were bigger and had a garden. There was also a vegetable garden or a space for working the land. New houses for working people Old houses
A middle- class house The bathroom The living room
Indoor gardens the Hall
Prototipos de casas de la ciudad lineal Arturo Soria let the architects free to build different models of houses in order to avoid monotony.
Compañía Madrileña de Urbanización was the company in charge of the project
SERVICES • The new city had a tram .
for leisure and for cultural and sport activities. Sport facilities Casino A theatre A school Colegio de Huérfanos de la Armada
THE PROJECT FAILS • After the death of Arturo Soria, C.M.U. went through a period of economical crisis. Due to this, the original idea was changed.
THE LINEAR CITY TODAY • The demographic boom of Madrid, the rise of prices and the proximity of the linear city to the city centre put an end to the project. The linear city ,built in thr northesat of Madrid
Statue of Arturo Soria placed in Arturo Soria Street. There is also an underground station called The linear city: Ciudad Lineal. ARTURO SORIA Arturo Soria y Mata (Madrid, 1844 -1920 ) He was an architect and an engineer , especially well- kwnon by his idea of building a linear city. He introduced the first tram in Madrid and also a suburban train From 1886, he devoted his life to this project.