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City Beautification Project Nanded City

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  1. City Beautification Project Nanded City By Prof. S. L. Dhingra IIT Bombay http://www.civil.iitb.ac.in/~dhingra

  2. Overview • Introduction • Beautification of City - Case Studies • Road Side Amenities • Traffic Management • Traffic Control Devices • Parking Management • Conclusion • References

  3. Introduction • Nanded, a well known Sikh Pilgrimage Center • One of the Five Sikh Takhats is located here named as Hazur Sahib • A famous gurudwara at Nanded, a replica of the golden temple of Amritsar will be celebrating 300 years in 2008 • There will be expectancy of millions peoples to be arrive for this event • Proper event management should be done to complete this event successfully

  4. Nanded City

  5. Beautification of City – Case Studies

  6. Chandigarh • Called The City Beautiful serves as a capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana • Le Corbusier produced a plan for Chandigarh that confirmed to the modern city planning principles, and a hierarchy of road and pedestrian networks • Divided the city into units called 'sectors', each representing a theoretically self-sufficient entity with space for living, working and leisure

  7. Chandigarh • The sectors were linked to each other by a road and path network developed along the line of the 7 Vs, or a hierarchy of seven types of circulation patterns • The city plan is laid down in grid pattern • The sectors were to act as self-sufficient neighborhoods, each with its own market, places of worship, schools and colleges - all within 10 minutes walking distance from within the sector

  8. Chandigarh • The original two phases of the plan delineated sectors from 1 to 47, with the exception of 13 • The city was to be surrounded by a 16 kilometer greenbelt that was to ensure that no development could take place in the immediate vicinity of the town, thus checking suburbs and urban sprawl

  9. Chandigarh • One of the unusual and popular features of Chandigarh is the Rock Garden of Chandigarh • Chandigarh IT Park (also called Kishangarh IT Park) is the city's attempt to break into the IT world • Divided into identical looking sectors, each sector measures 800m x 1200m. The sectors were to act as self-sufficient neighborhoods, each with its own market, places of worship, schools and colleges

  10. Chandigarh City Map

  11. Sector 17: City’s Heart and Retail Centre

  12. Nagpur • Winter capital of the state of Maharashtra • Affectionately called as “Orange city” and also declared as a second “Green city” of India • Planning process implemented by Dr. T. Chandrasekhar put the road network of Nagpur city in very good condition

  13. To Surat To Bangalore To Delhi

  14. Thane – Landmark Development • Received “Clean City“ Award from HUDCO India for 1999-2000 • Widened 133 city roads (195 kms) under the IRDP • Used “Bio-remediation” process for cleaning two main lakes transforming them from dumping pools to scenic & beautiful picnic spots • Beautification of junctions by providing fountains, channelizers, green chowks, illuminations etc.

  15. Thane City

  16. Thane – Landmark Development (Cont…) • City’s health solid waste management development ensures cleanliness on roads, gutters & at the public places etc. • Independent Pollution Control Department to check air & water quality through its monitoring stations • Welcome Gates, Auditorium, swimming pools, stadium, open grounds, gardens, high mast lighting are some of the other areas where The TMC has created landmarks • Maintaining and creating green cover. More then 3 lakhs have been planted with a survival rate of 90%

  17. Ujjain • One of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus, and the Kumbh Mela religious festival is held there every twelve years • Last Kumbh Mela was held at Ujjain in April, 2004

  18. Location of Kumbh Mela To Indore

  19. Event Management for April, 2004 • At a time, for 6000 peoples on the ghats, with the help of volunteers, each pilgrims took bath to six minutes, meaning 250,000 took bath in one hour • For million peoples visited ujjain in 2004, artificial long roadswere created in 20 hectres of field near the ghats for holding capacity of one million • With this plan, 1.4 million peoples were managed at a time, and 5 million peoples were handled during a day

  20. Event Management for April, 2004 (Cont…) • Arrangement was made in such a way that individual pilgrim needs to walk at most one kilometer and wait at most 2 hours • All of this was observed through closed circuit video • In addition to all this, mass transit was arranged so pilgrims can get to the major points of interest in Ujjain itself after their bath • For big concern like Terrorism attack, 15000 police, that’s an entire army division, including 25 commando teams were provided

  21. Solapur IRDP • MSRDC is executing works of construction of roads and junction improvement under IRDP • The VIP road constructed as a model road • Plants which grow thick but not tall are provided to avoid glare of headlights of incoming vehicles • Also flowering plants which grow tall particularly on either side of the road for improved aesthetics are also provided

  22. Road Side Amenities

  23. Road Side Amenities • Footpath • Arboriculture • Landscaping • Benches, Shelters, Drinking Water • Toilets, Dust bins, etc.

  24. Footpath or Side Walks • Provided in urban areas when the vehicular as well as pedestrian traffic are heavy, to provide protection to pedestrians and to decrease accidents • Side walks are generally provided on either side of the road and the minimum width should be 1.5 m and the width may be increased based on the pedestrian traffic volume • Provided with a surface as smooth as or even smoother than the adjacent traffic lane as to induce the pedestrian to keep on to the footpath

  25. Typical Cross Section of Urban Road

  26. Arboriculture • Important aspects in road side development • Trees provided on both sides of urban and rural road serve the following purposes: • To provide attractive landscape of road sides • To provide shade to the road users • To protect against moving sand in desert areas • To provide fruit bearing trees and timber • To intercept the annoying sound waves and fumes from road vehicles

  27. Arboriculture (Cont…) • In urban areas, the road side planting is mainly for the beauty or the landscape and therefore, tests of ornamental and flowering species are generally preferred • On wide urban roads, the planting of shrubs is done on the medians or separators besides providing trees on road sides • It is desired that the crowns of the trees planted on both sides of a road do not cover the complete carriageway

  28. Landscaping • Landscape Planning is concerned with the demographic, aesthetic, ecological and functional aspects of land use • Includes architecture design, site planning, estate development, environmental restoration, park and recreation planning, and historic preservation

  29. Principles of Landscaping • Should help to preserve pleasing and aesthetically valuable features • The road should follow the natural terrain and harmoniously blend with it • Medians and rotary islands should be provided with flowering shrubs and plants • Turfing or shoulders and slopes should be provided with flowering shrubs and plants

  30. Typical Cross Section of Urban Road with Footpath and Landscaping

  31. Mumbai Pune Expressway

  32. Mumbai Pune Expressway

  33. Traffic Management

  34. Traffic Management • Objectives of traffic management are to make productive use of road capacity and maximize safety • It includes measures to manage the supply of road space aimed at improving road capacity and/or quality and/or safety • Seeks to adjust, adapt, manage and improve the transport system to meet specified objectives

  35. Objectives of Traffic Management • Facilitate and enable travel of people with ease, efficiency and safety • Optimize system capacity (road and operating systems) • Maximize safety • Provide priority for public mass transport (bus) system • Facilitate convenient and safe movement of pedestrians and non-motorised vehicles • Minimize environmental pollution due to traffic

  36. Traffic Management Techniques • Traffic circulation system • Traffic control system • Priority for public transport • Pedestrian facilities • Parking policy • Accident care and incident management • Installation of traffic signs and lane markings • Improved street lighting • Road pricing

  37. Traffic Circulation System • The master plan for road links is to be developed to required lane widths as per estimated traffic volumes • The circulation system along them need to be re-organized introducing one-ways, no way be mode type by time period, turning movements restrictions at intersections etc. to minimize conflicts, increase capacity and maximize safety

  38. Traffic Control System • The directional movements of vehicles and pedestrians need to be regulated • Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) need to be installed to regulate traffic based on real time flows • Control systems need to accord priority for public transport modes • They must be enable easy, convenient and safe movement of pedestrians

  39. Use of ITS • For ensuring safety • Using high resolution camera • Road side detectors • Variable message signs • For improving the transport facility • By providing real time arrival information system of transit buses • Accident avoidance systems at turning points • Incident management systems

  40. High Resolution Camera Intelligent Traffic Lights

  41. Priority for Public Mass Transport • High occupancy vehicles (HOVs), in particular buses, need to be given priority • Objectives are to improve operational efficiency of the bus system, reduce travel time to bus users, promote modal shift to bus system, increase safety and reduce environmental pollution

  42. Parking Facilities • In roadway transportation system, parking facilities form the terminal • Parking facilities can be either on-street or off-street • On street: spaces near the sides of the roads where vehicles are allowed to park • Off street: spaces away from the main thoroughfare and connected to it through a service road

  43. On-street Parking: Straight Parking On-street Parking: Skew Parking

  44. Off-street Parking