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Christianity

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  1. Christianity

  2. Christianity Romans believed success meant were favored by the gods Some Jews cooperated with Romans Others waiting for a Messiah to save them from Roman rule and set up a kingdom of God. A third group of Jews wanted to violently overthrow the Romans

  3. Christianity 2. Jesus of Nazareth, a Palestinian Jew, started preaching at this time (approx. 30 AD) 3. His message-- strictly following the laws (teaching of Judaism) not necessary; better to transform the inner person. 4. He taught the ethical concepts of humility, charity, love for others. 5. He spoke of a heavenly kingdom, not an earthly one; this disappointed many.

  4. Christianity 6. Romans feared Jesus was a revolutionary who might lead Jews in a revolt. Some Jews turned him over to the Roman governor, Pontius Pilate who him crucified. 7. Jesus’ followers believed that he died and came back to life

  5. Christianity 8. Paul--a Jewish Roman citizen who, after his conversion, leading Christian teacher 9. Christianity spread quickly through preaching and written works, the New Testament. 10. Started in Jerusalem 11. Basic Values a. Do to others what you want them to do to you. b. Love your neighbor as yourself.

  6. Christianity 12. Romans persecuted Christians for refusing to honor the Roman gods 13. The numbers of Christians rose and became more organized 14. Later, Emperor Constantine became a Christian and in 395 AD Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire.

  7. Why Christianity had so many followers. • Promise of salvation impacted world full of suffering and injustice. • It gave life a meaning and purpose beyond the material things of everyday life. • Jesus had been human so it was easy to relate to. • Becoming Christian was not painful or expensive.

  8. Humans could have a personal relationship with God. • The promise of eternal life was for all, even the poor.

  9. The man known as Jesus Christ lived two thousand years ago in what region of the world?

  10. Jesus is believed by most Christians to have been the __________.

  11. The book that Christians hold most sacred is the _______________.

  12. The branch of Christianity that has the most members is the _______________.

  13. The city in Israel where Jesus spent part of his life and was crucified is __________.

  14. The man known as Jesus Christ lived two thousand years ago in what region of the world? Middle East

  15. Jesus is believed by most Christians to have been the __________. Son of God

  16. The book that Christians hold most sacred is the _______________. New Testament

  17. The branch of Christianity that has the most members is the _______________. Roman Catholic

  18. The city in Israel where Jesus spent part of his life and was crucified is __________. Jerusalem

  19. True or False

  20. The Beatitudes may be used as an outline of Christian teaching.

  21. The New Testament is especially important to Christian because they believe it contains the teachings of Jesus.

  22. The only connection between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam is that they all originated in the Middle East.

  23. Christians believe that Jesus was a prophet but that the “Messiah” is yet to come.

  24. Most of the followers of Christianity now live in the United States.

  25. Helping people less fortunate than one’s self is basic to Christian teaching.

  26. The Beatitudes may be used as an outline of Christian teaching. True

  27. The New Testament is especially important to Christian because they believe it contains the teachings of Jesus. True

  28. The only connection between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam is that they all originated in the Middle East. False They all have a central common belief in one God

  29. Christians believe that Jesus was a prophet but that the “Messiah” is yet to come. False Most Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God, who is the Messiah

  30. Most of the followers of Christianity now live in the United States. False Most live in North and South America and Europe.

  31. Helping people less fortunate than one’s self is basic to Christian teaching. True