Paper 1: Communism in Crisis Key Terms, dates, leaders, events USSR PRC Mao Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (red guard, little red book, 10 lost years) Hundred Flowers Campaign 1976: Death of Zhou Enlaiand Mao Gerontocracy Power struggle: HuaGaufeng, Gang of Four (Madam Mao) Deng Xiaoping Pragmatist Four Modernizations: Agriculture, Defense, Sci/Tech, Industry Open Door policy, TVE, SEZ 1980s – Industrial Rev. 1989: Tiananmen Square, Tank Man • Khrushchev • De-Stalinization • (JFK, Cuban Missile Crisis) • Brezhnev: • Brezhnev Doctrine: 1968 • Prague Spring: 1968 • Afghanistan 1979-1989 • Gorbachev: • New, young, hip, 51 • Glasnost • Peristroika • Democratization • Sinatra Doctrine (my way) • Baltic states = independence • 1989: Fall of Berlin Wall • Czech Velvet Rev • Solidarity Poland (1980s) • Romania Violent
Communism in Crisis Key Terms USSR PRC Legacy of Mao Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Red Guard, 10 Lost Years Lin Bao Incident (1971) 1976: Deaths of Zhou Enlai & Mao Power players: Gang of Four (Madame Mao) HuaGaufeng (Mao 2.0) Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping: 1978: Four Modernizations: Agriculture, Industry, Sci-Tech, Defense Special Economic Zones, Town and Village Enterprises, Foreign invest/trade 1980s = Industrial Revolution 1989: Tiananmen Square • Khrushchev --> Destalinization, Virgin Lands Program • Brezhnev • Détente • 1968: Brezhnev Doctrine • Prague Spring • Afghanistan • Andropov/Chernenko • Gerontocracy • Gorbachev • Glasnost, perestroika, democratization • 1989: Sinatra doctrine (my way), Berlin Wall • Eastern Europe: Solidarity (Lech Walesa), Velvet Revolution (Vaclav Havel), Hungary (Ceausescu) • Yeltsin • Russian Federation - 1991
To what extent were the social and economic policies of ONE of the following successful: Mao, Nasser, Stalin?
To what extent were the social and economic policies of ONE of the following successful: Mao, Nasser, Stalin? • Social: 1950s and 1960s • Pan-Arabism, Arab-Nationlism, Arab-Socialism • Economic benefits of Suez nationalization Arab Socialism • Arab Socialism: Redistribute wealth, health care, education, housing, land • Anti-Israel (6-day war) • Economic: • Aswan Dam • World Bank loan denied (Czech arms deal, recognizes the PRC) • Assistance from USSR? Loan – payback • Benefits: Jobs, Electricity • Nationalization of Suez • Success/Failure?
Why did the end of the Second World War lead to the development of two superpowers and how did this development help to cause the Cold War?