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THE COLD WAR

THE COLD WAR

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THE COLD WAR

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  1. THE COLD WAR 1945-1990

  2. The Cold War • Cold War- A war of tension and the ideas of Capitalism (USA) vs. Communism (USSR) • Superpowers- Nations that can influence the world (USA vs. USSR) • Arms Race-Competition to develop the most weapons (atomic)

  3. Cold War Events 1. Germany is divided into 4 zones run by France, England, The U.S. and the USSR

  4. 2. Containment- The U.S. Policy designed to stop the spread of communism in Europe

  5. The Marshall Plan 13 billion in US aid to European nations to fight Communism

  6. 4. The Berlin Airlift- 12 month air drop of food, clothing, and medicine to people in Eastern Germany

  7. 5. Space Race- The USSR was 1st to launch the satellite Sputnik in 1957 & 1st man in space 1961

  8. A time of tension w/o war between the USA & USSR Idea that actions put nations on the edge of destruction A barrier between communist and capitalists countries in Europe Idea that if one country falls to communism, others will follow Nations who’s actions influence the world Agreeing to competition w/o war Military counterattack using nuclear weapons Policy to stop the spread of Communism Cold War Talk

  9. Stalin blockades Berlin Truman orders the BERLIN AIRLIFT Cold War (actions reactions)

  10. The USSR launches Sputnik in 1957 NASA is established & millions given to science/math programs

  11. Nuclear War threatens civilians in the U.S. and USSR People construct fall out (bomb) shelters

  12. NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization – military alliance led by the U.S. to fight Soviet aggression in Europe Warsaw Pact- A military Alliance led by the USSR in Eastern Europe

  13. The Soviet Union supports the spread of Communism to China, Korea, and Vietnam Containment Domino Theory

  14. Soviet Espionage (spies) feared in America Rosenbergs convicted of espionage McCarthyism- Senator Joseph McCarthy accused 100’s of government officials of being communist

  15. Wars in U.S. History • The American Revolution • War of 1812 • Mexican-American War • Civil War • Spanish-American War • World War I • World War II • Korean War

  16. The Korean War

  17. Facts • 1950-1953 • Fought to contain Communism in North Korea • China & USSR aided North Korean • U.S. troops and 15 other nations fought as The United Nations • U.S. forces led by General MacArthur

  18. Communism was contained to North Korea • The wars end was a stalemate • Known as the “forgotten war” U.S. U.N. Dead 54,246 628,833 Missing 8,177 470,267 Captured 7,140 92,970

  19. Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961

  20. Bay of Pigs Facts • President Kennedy arms Cuban exiles to overthrow Castro in Cuba • Exiles lose to Castro’s army • Castro remains in power, Kennedy’s plan is a failure

  21. The Cuban Missile Crisis 1962

  22. Facts • A 1962 showdown between the U.S. & USSR in Cuba • Soviets were using Cuba for missile storage • U.S. spy planes find missiles in & headed to Cuba

  23. Kennedy Blockades Cuba • Soviet missiles removed from Cuba • Castro remains in power

  24. CRQ Answers • The main issue in the cartoon is the Vietnam War • Stay in Vietnam to contain communism • Get out of Vietnam because it was a civil war in their country • The Constitution protects their FREEDOM OF SPEECH

  25. The Vietnam War

  26. 15 year struggle to contain Communism (1961-1975) • Communist North Vietnam invaded South Vietnam • Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon order troops to Vietnam • Viet Cong- Communist soldiers from North Vietnam (V-C) • Guerilla Warfare- Hit and run strategy of jungle fighting

  27. NaPalm- Burning Jelly used burn villages of the Viet Cong • Agent Orange-Chemical used to kill the jungle • Tet Offense- Attack on 100 cities by the Viet Cong for 2 days