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Music Theory Crash Course!. ~Music isSOUND organized in TIME~. Elements of Sound. Pitch- How high or low; frequency Duration- How long or short it lasts Dynamics- How loud or soft; amplitude Goes from Fortississimo to pianoississimo Articulation- Quality as sustained

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Presentation Transcript
elements of sound
Elements of Sound
  • Pitch- How high or low; frequency
  • Duration- How long or short it lasts
  • Dynamics- How loud or soft; amplitude
    • Goes from Fortississimo to pianoississimo
  • Articulation- Quality as sustained
    • Common Articulations: Staccato, Legato, Accent
  • Timbre- Color of tone; waveform
types of timbre textures
Types of Timbre/Textures
  • Homophonic- All use similar rhythm
  • Polyphonic- Independent musical parts overlap
  • Monophonic- Only one musical line
  • Accompianmental- Exactly what it says on the tin; accompanying a clear melody
more vocab yayy
More Vocab! Yayy
  • Range- Spectrum of pitch an instrument can play
  • Equal Temperament Tuning- all half steps equal distance from each other
    • Used in Romantic Era as common tuning standard
  • Expression Marks- Indicate articulations, setting the mood
time signatures
Time Signatures
  • Top number- Beats per measure
  • Bottom number- Length of the beat
  • Simple meter= top number 2 [duple],3 [triple], 4 [quadruple]
  • Compound is everything else; divides beats into parts
accidentals
Accidentals
  • # = Sharp, raises pitch by a half step
  • ♭= Flat, lowers pitch by half step
  • ♮ = Natural, cancels sharps and flats
  • Half step- two consecutive keys
  • The key signature provides set of sharps or flats at the beginning of a line of music.
    • indicates which notes the main scale of the piece alters.
scales prepare yourselves
Scales (PREPARE YOURSELVES)
  • Tonic- Name of scale, usually 1st note
  • Dominant- 2nd most important, 5th note
  • Leading Tone- Half step below tonic
  • Diatonic- Within the Scale
  • Chromatic- Outside of the scale
comparing major and minor
Comparing Major and Minor
  • Relative- Same key signature, same sharps and flats
  • Parallel- Same tonic
instruments technical boring stuff time
Instruments- Technical Boring stuff time!
  • Classifications
  • CHORDOPHONES
    • Vibrating Strings (violin)
  • AEROPHONES
    • Vibrating column of air (tuba)
  • MEMBRANOPHONES
    • Vibrating stretched membrane across frame (drum)
  • IDIOPHONES
    • Body itself vibrates (xylophone)
instrument families
Instrument Families
  • Strings- Chordophones; plucked, bowed, struck
  • Brass- Metal Aerophones; caused by buzzing lips
  • Woodwinds- Aerophones; breath alone vibrates
  • Percussions- Membranophones/Idiophones
  • Keyboards- Self explanatory :P
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