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Ska. Genre of music that began in Jamaica in the 1950’s Combined elements of jazz and calypso music Reggae music evolved out of Ska. Millie Small. Had Ska’s first national hit with her song My Boy Lollipop. Desmond Dekker. “King of Ska ” Backup band the Aces

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  1. Ska • Genre of music that began in Jamaica in the 1950’s • Combined elements of jazz and calypso music • Reggae music evolved out of Ska

  2. Millie Small • Had Ska’s first national hit with her song My Boy Lollipop

  3. Desmond Dekker • “King of Ska” • Backup band the Aces • Helped popularize the term and persona of a “Rude Boy” • Similar to a “bad boy” or a “gangsta” • Hits included Israelites, 007 (Shanty Town), and Rude Boy Town

  4. Skatalites • Originally formed in 1963, but broke up in 1965 • Reformed in 1983 and have been together ever since • Hits include Ball O’ Fire, and Guns of Navarone

  5. Rock Steady • Name of what Ska music evolved into • Name comes from Alton Ellis’ 1966 hit song Rock Steady • Young Jamaican “Rude Boys” identified most with Rock Steady • The bass became the main instrument, and vocal harmonies became more important than musicianship

  6. Reggae • The word comes from early 1960’s Jamaica to describe a “ragged” type of dance music

  7. Neil Diamond • American pop singer who had the first Reggae hit in the United States with his song Red Red Wine

  8. Bob Marley • Robert Nesta Marley • Born on February 6, 1945 • Father was a British Army captain • Mother was a Jamaican teenager named Cedalla Booker • Father returned to England the day after the wedding, never to be heard from again

  9. Bob Marley’s Early Career • Quits school at 14 to concentrate on music • Forms his first group, the Wailing Rudeboys, in 1963 (later called the Wailing Wailers) • The original members of the Wailing Rudeboys are Bob, and two Trenchtown friends Peter Tosh and Bunny Livingston • Trenchtown is an area of downtown Kingston • In 1964 the group releases their first number 1 hit in Jamaica called Simmer Down

  10. Newlywed Bob • Marries Rita Anderson in 1966 • Moves to America the day after the wedding to live with his mom who is a maid in Delaware • Returns to Jamaica later in the year after saving up money to record more music • Finds Rita has converted to Rastafarianism

  11. Rastafarianism (Rasta’s) • A religion originally from Jamaica that considers Africa as the Promised Land, which all true believers will someday return to, and that the late Emperor of Ethiopia HaileSelassie I is the messiah

  12. Return of the Wailers • Bob reunites with the Peter and Bunny and the Wailers record a local hit called Bend Down Low in 1967 • Rita joins the group • Bob and all the Wailers fully embrace Rastafarianism

  13. Tuff Gong • Record label formed by Bob Marley and producer Lee ‘Scratch’ Perry

  14. Soul Rebels • The first full album released by the group • Included the songs Soul Rebel and 400 Years

  15. Catch a Fire • Major label debut • A commercial success in England • Songs included Concrete Jungle, and Stir it Up

  16. Eric Clapton • English guitar legend • Reached #1 in US with his version of Bob Marley’s I Shot the Sheriff • Constantly spoke of Bob Marley’s greatness in interviews

  17. Natty Dread • First album released under the name Bob Marley and the Wailers • Peter Tosh and Bunny Livingston were no longer in the group, upset that Bob was receiving so much attention • First album with backup singers the I-Threes • Rita Marley, Judy Mowatt, Marcia Griffiths

  18. Smile Jamaica • Bob, Rita and two friends are shot four days before the concert • Bob and the group hide out in Jamaica’s Blue Mountains • Bob and Rita perform two days later in bandages • Bob is unable to play his guitar • The Wailers were still in hiding and did not perform

  19. Bob’s Hiatus • After the Jamaica Smile concert, Bob and Rita take 18 months off from the road • Bob learns that he has a cancerous growth on his foot from an old untreated soccer injury

  20. One Love Peace Concert • Bob Marley and the Wailers return to performing • Concert was an attempt to link Jamaica’s two feuding parties • Bob had the leader of each party come on stage and he joined their hands together

  21. Last Show • September 23, 1980 in Pittsburgh

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