serial killer… person who murders 3 or more people over a period of more than 30 days, with a "cooling off" period between each murder - whose motivation for killing is largely based on psychological gratification.
Often, a sexual element is involved with the killings. The murders may have been attempted or completed in a similar fashion and the victims may have had something in common, for example occupation, race, appearance, gender, or age group.
Edward Theodore "Ed" Gein murderer and grave robber. His crimes created notoriety after authorities discovered Gein had exhumed corpses from local graveyards and fashioned trophies and keepsakes from their bones and skin.
If Gein was guilty of murdering the 2 people he was convicted of killing he would not technically meet the definition of a serial killer though his case influenced the creation of several fictional serial killers, including Norman Bates from Psycho,JameGumbfrom The Silence of the Lambs, and LeatherfacefromThe Texas Chainsaw Massacre
Ted Bundy: Campus Killer “You feel the last bit of breath leaving their body. You’re looking into their eyes. A person in that situation is God..."
Herman Mudgett (H. H. Holmes): America’s First Serial Killer “I was born with the devil in me. I could not help the fact that I was a murderer….I was born with the Evil One standing as my sponsor beside the bed where I was ushered into the world, and he has been with me since.” - H. H. Holmes
Jack the “Ripper” Name given to a serial killer in London England who was never found. He murdered women prostitutes whose throats were cut prior to abdominal mutilations. The Removal of internal organs from at least three of the victims led to proposals that the killer possessed anatomical or surgical knowledge. (Aug.- Nov. 1988)
How often do serial killers occur? • 337 males and 62 females in U.S. from 1800-1995 • 158 males and 29 females in U.S. from 1975-1995 • 300 international serial killers from 1800-1995 • – 1,877 serial killers US: 1,199 International: 668
Robert Pickton The Vancouver-area pig farmer was found guilty of second-degree murder in an estimated, highly controversial, $100 million investigation and longest trial in Canadian history. Pickton preyed upon sex trade workers and is believed to have been responsible for the deaths of some 60 women.
General Serial Killer Profile Male • 88.3%- 96% White • – 71.7% of all serial killers • – 73% of the male serial killers • – 87% of the female serial killers Average intelligence • – Mean of 103 in our data base (median = 102) • – n = 104 Seldom involved with groups… except…
Charles Manson charismatic cult leader who was willing to resort to murder to see his prophecy of doom fulfilled. His followers killed pregnant actress Sharon Tate
Charles Manson “From the worlds of darkness I did let loose devils and demons with the power of scorpions to torment."
When do they first kill? Males -- 28.49 is average age at first kill 11 is the youngest (Kody Scott – Gang member) 72 is the oldest (Ray Copeland) Jesse Pomeroy (Boston in the 1870s) Killed 2 people and tortured 8 by the age of 14 Spent 58 yrs in solitary confinement until he died Females --30.15 is average age at first kill 11 is youngest (Mary Flora Bell) 66 is oldest (Faye Copeland)
Write this on the back of your paper…A Problem with Profiling… Typical Serial Killer Profile in the Media – A white, male, in his mid to late twenties • Statistics (U.S. Serial Killers) – Male (89.4%) – White (71.7%) – Mid to late twenties (27.9%) – White, male (69.8%) – White male in his mid to late twenties (18%) But there are the exceptions… and this may delay or even prevent officials from finding them at all
myths about serial killers Most serial killers can hide in plain sight because they look just like everyone else with jobs, nice homes and families. The FBI report gives these examples: The BTK Killer, Dennis Rader, killed 10 people in Wichita, Kansas over a 30-year period. He was married with two children, a Boy Scout leader, employed as a local government official and was the president of his church congregation. The Green River Killer, Gary Ridgeway confessed to killing 48 women over a 20-year period in the Seattle, Washington area. He was married, held the same job for 32 years, attended church regularly and read his Bible at home and at work. Robert Yates killed 17 prostitutes in the 1990s in the Spokane, Washington area. He was married, had five children, lived in a middle-class neighborhood and was a decorated U.S. Army National Guard helicopter pilot
African American 44 Jake Bird 34 Brandon Tholmer 23 Wayne Williams 20 Mitchell Hulon 17 Maury Troy Travis 16 John Muhammad & Lee Boyd Malvo 15 Richard Jameswhite Fred Glover O’Delle& Pearl Jackson John Reed 14 Vincent Groves Jesse Lee Cooks Larry Green Manuel Moore 14 J.C.X. Simon Clarence Walker 13 Sydney Jones Lorenzo Gilyard Chester Dewayne Turner 12 Nathaniel Burse Michael Clark Elton Manning Jackson Garland Jackson Edward Moran Darrell Patry KodyScott Donald & Reuben Taylor Coral Eugene Watts Robert Wilson
Hispanic 25 Juan Corona • 23 Adolfo Constanzo • 15 Richard Ramirez • 12 Robert Diaz • 11 Juan Chavez • 10 Eddie Seda • 9 Lloyd Gomez • 9 Rolando Garcia • 9 Dorothea Puente • 8 Augustin Chacon • 7 Fernando Cota • 7 Diana Lumbrera • 7 David Villarreal • 6 Juan Cordoba • 6 Paul Ruiz • 6 EfrenSaldivar • 5 Ramon Hernandez • 5 Richardo Caputo
The most prolific white serial killers 60 Gary Ridgeway Dr. Michael Swango Donald Evans 50 Edward Eastman Amy Archer-Gilligan 41 Gerald Stano 37 Donald Harvey 36? Ted Bundy 34 Gerard Schaefer 33 John Wayne Gacy Bruce Davis 32 Patrick Kearney 29 Charles Cullen 27 Dean Corrl Elmer Henley Herman Mudgett
“I should never have been convicted of anything more serious than running a cemetery without a license." John Gacy: Killer Clown
Serial Killer I.Q. • Media/Internet – High IQ • Our Database (N = 104) – Mean = 103.6 – Median = 102 – Range (57 – 165) • Rape – Yes (99.02) – No (107.94) • Method of Killing – Bomb (138) – Gun (107) – Hands (101) Up
The not so “smart” 57 Simon Pirela • 60 Eugene Britt • 65 Clarence Victor • 65 Derrick Todd Lee • 68 Bruce Lee • 68 Lorenzo Fayne • 69 Louis Craine • 69 Christine Falling • 70 Kuno Hofmann • 73 Hubert Geralds • 75 Coral Watts • 75 Marty Graham • 78 Marie Noe • 80 Tommy Lynn Sells • 84 “Zoo Man” Huskey • 84 Joseph Kallinger • 85 Otis Toole • 85 Daniel Blank • 89 Henry Lee Lucas • 89 Danny Rolling
“I am deeply hurt by you calling me a woman hater. I am not. But I am a monster. I am the ‘Son of Sam’." David Berkowitz: Son of Sam
Write this on the back of your paperChildhood • Unstable home (37%) • Absence of loving and nurturing relationship • Physical ailments and disabilities • Head injuries • MacDonald Triad – bed wetting – fire starting – animal torture
Another “Triad” • Most have a criminal history – 87.3% were previously arrested – 75.0% had spent time in jail or prison - 6.3% killed prior to their serial killing • Many received prior psychiatric treatment • Many spent time in a forensic unit they are fascinated by it… it is “part of the game” to some
Gary HeidnikA Strange Way to Raise a Child • 3 years old • Didn’t clean room properly • Father hung him by his feet out of a 3rd story window
A Strange Way to Raise a ChildHenry Lee Lucas • 3 years old – Mother forced him to watch her have sex with strangers • 7 years old – Mother made him go to school dressed like a girl – Mother beat him when his teacher gave him a pair of shoes • 10 Years old – Mother’s lover showed him how to kill animals and then have sex with them
A Strange Way to Raise a ChildDanny Rolling • 6 months – Father kicked him into a wall • 1 year old – Father beat him when he crawled funny • 6-8 years old – Father beat him twice a week • 13 years old – Father handcuffs him to brother, beats them, leaves them outside
A Strange Way to Raise a ChildRobert Garrow • 1 year old – Father made him kneel for hours in the corner • 2 years old – Mother splits his head open with a crowbar during a beating • 5 years old – Knocked unconscious when mother hits him in the head with a piece of wood • 6 Years old – Beaten unconscious by his father – Made to wear his sister’s bloomers out to play
Categorizing a Serial Killer Killer – sex, race, age – IQ – psychopathology Crime Scene – type of weapon – use of torture – attempt to hide body – location Motive – sex – power – financial gain Victim – sex, race, age – occupation – personality
Jeffrey Dahmer:The Milwaukee Cannibal “After the fear and terror of what I had done had left…I started it all over again. From then on it was a craving, a hunger..."
Typology of Serial Killers: • Visionary - kill because of visions - generally psychotic • Mission orientated- rid society of certain types of people eg. prostitutes, runaway kids, racial group etc • Hedonistic - "thrill seekers" & lust killers • Power/Control orientated- pleasure is not sexual but power - often killing when the victim abandons hope of survival and acquiesces
Visionaries Psychotic - told to kill – paranoia, schizophrenia – 1% of killers are psychotic (Henn et al., 1976) Examples – Herbert Mullin – Miguel Rivera – Joseph Kallinger
Herbert Mullin Crimes – Operated during 1972-1973 – Killed 13 in Santa Cruz, CA – Shot most of his victims Vision – Voices told him to shave his head and burn his penis with a cigarette (he obeyed) – Voices told him to kill in order to prevent a catastrophic earthquake
Joseph Kallinger Crimes – Operated during 1974-1975 – Murdered 3 in NJ and PA (including one of his sons) – Robbed and assaulted many others – His 13 year old son was his accomplice Vision – Told by God (through a large floating head with tentacles) to murder young boys and sever their genitals
Harvey Carignan Crimes – Known as the “Want-ad Killer” – Operated in Seattle 1973-1974 – Killed 3 (probably many more) by smashing their skull with a hammer Vision – Told by God to kill women – God didn’t tell him why
Missionaries: Kill to “Clean-up” world” Examples – Joseph Franklin Killed interracial couples and African Americans Wounded Vernon Jordan and Larry Flynt (Hustler Magazine) – Wolfgang Abel Killed drug addicts – Axe Man of New Orleans Killed 11 (most were Italian grocers) – Carroll Cole
Peter Sutcliffe: The Yorkshire Ripper “The women I killed were filth-bastard prostitutes who were littering the streets. I was just cleaning the place up a bit."
Carroll Edward Cole Crimes – Operated during 1975-1980 – Killed at least 13 women in several western states Mission – Rid the world of loose women – All his victims cheated on their significant-other with Cole
Ed Gein: The Butcher Of Plainfield: known for grave robbery, necrophilia, cannibalism, sadism, death fetishism. He used his victims flesh to sew up lamp shades and his couch inspired movies like "Psycho", "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre", and "Silence of the Lambs".
Hedonists Kill for fun or profit Subtypes – Lust Killers (kill for sexual gratification) Organized Disorganized Mixed Thrill Killers (kill for the thrill of killing) Gain Killers • Contract Killers?? • Black Widows • Lethal Caretakers • Cost Cutters
Edmund Kemper: Co-Ed Killer “One side of me says ‘I’d like to talk to her, date her’. The other side of me says, ‘I wonder how her head would look on a stick’."
Examples of Lust Killers Organized Killers – Ted Bundy – John Gacy – Chris Wilder – Kenneth Bianchi – Ed Kemper Disorganized Killers – Arthur Shawcross – Richard Chase – Jeffrey Dahmer – Danny Rolling
Boston Strangler - Albert Desalvo (Sept. 3, 1931 – Nov. 25, 1973) was a criminal in Boston, Mass., United States who confessed to being the "Boston Strangler", the murderer of 13 women in the Boston area. His confession has been disputed, and debate continues regarding which crimes DeSalvo actually committed.
Albert and his 5 siblings were raised in a violent household. His father was an alcoholic wife beater. Albert saw his father break all of his mother’s fingers, and he smashed a pipe into Albert’s back. When Albert turned 8 his father abandoned his mother and she remarried. Albert grew into a sexually disturbed delinquent guilty of many petty crimes. He spent 8 years in the army, stationed in Germany, where he met his wife, Irmgard Beck. Irmgard and Albert had 2 children together. He was known as a good family man and a hard worker. Following an honorable discharge, Albert returned to America.
Green River Killer - Gary Ridgway • In November of 2003 he pleaded guilty to 48 counts of aggravated murder, although he says he actually killed 90 women or more, almost all prostitutes. The murders occurred in the early 1980s. As part of a plea bargain, he was spared • the death penalty and • received a sentence of • life imprisonment • without the possibility • of parole.
Arthur John Shawcross – The Genesee River Killer June 6, 1945– Nov. 10, 2008 killed most of his victims after being paroled early following a conviction for killing a child. His childhood was a blueprint for sociopathic behavior: the classic love/hate relationship with his mother and father, behavioral problems, bedwetting, arson, and several head injuries.
Beginning in March 1988, Shawcross began murdering, primarily prostitutes, in the area, claiming 11 victims before his capture less than two years later. • Patricia Ives, 25 • Frances Brown, 22 • June Cicero, 34 • Darlene Trippi, 32 • Anna Marie Steffen, 28 • Dorothy Blackburn, 27 • Kimberly Logan • June Stotts, 30 • Marie Welch, 22 • Elizabeth Gibson • Dorothy Keller, 59
The Unibomber: Theodore Kaczynski • sent a letter to The New York Times on April 24, 1995 and promised "to desist from terrorism" if The New York Times or The Washington Post published his manifesto - Industrial Society and Its Future (also called the "Unabomber Manifesto"), he argued that his bombings were extreme but necessary • to attract attention to the erosion • of human freedom necessitated by • modern technologies requiring • large-scale organization.
Black Widows: Gain Killers The Crime – Kill husbands, lovers, or relatives for financial gain – Almost always women – Almost 90% use poison to kill their victims Examples – Diana Lumbrera (killed her 6 children for insurance) – Nanny Hazel Doss (killed 4 husbands, 2 sisters, 1 mother) – Lydia Trueblood (killed 4 husbands, 1 child, brother in-law) – Amy Gilligan (killed 5 husbands, several patients)