Berlin and the Cold War. To gain more knowledge about the Cold War we will look at the city of Berlin and the role it played in the Cold War. Americans have felt close ties to the citizens of Berlin. . http://www.jfklibrary.org/Historical+Resources/JFK+in+History/The+Cold+War+in+Berlin.htm.
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To gain more knowledge about the Cold War we will look at the city of Berlin and the role it played in the Cold War.
In the words of President Kennedy "All freemen, wherever they may live, are citizensof Berlin, and therefore,as a free man, I take pride in the words 'Ich bin ein Berliner.' (I am a Berliner)."
What do you know about the following events?
the Berlin Airlift
The following slides include the photos and questions used in this activity.
What about these pictures suggests the immensity and urgency of the Berlin Airlift?
How does delivering milk change the role of these airmen?
How can milk be a weapon of democracy?
How do you think the next four pictures are connected?
What are vittles?
What does this photo tells us about the success of the Berlin Airlift?
Who is represented on the right of the photo?
Who is represented on the left of the photo?
In this East German diagram of the Berlin Wall, what “image” of the wall do you think the author/artist is trying to portray?
Why is there a soldier with the brick layer?
What does this “eerie” photo tell us?
What nations are represented at the “Allied Checkpoint?”
What might be the responsibility of the soldier in the checkpoint building?
What do you think the nationality is of the soldier?
What could have been done to prevent the escape of East Germany soldiers assigned to guard the wall?
“A defecting East German soldier, Conrad Schuman, leaps over a barbed wire barricade at the Bernauer Street sector into West Berlin on Aug. 15, 1961. Schuman made his break for freedom to join his family, which had fled earlier to West Berlin”
Other than tunnels, what other means of escape might have been attempted?
What fears would you have crawling in a tunnel to the West?
“Klaus-Michael von Keussler of West Berlin prepares to dig a tunnel underneath the Wall in Nov. 1963. Almost a year later Keussler and others completed the tunnel, allowing 57 East Germans to crawl into West Berlin.”
What would motivate you to risk everything?
“East German border guards carry away Peter Fechter, after they shot him down as he tried to flee to the west. Fechter laid for 50 minutes in no-man's land before he was taken to a hospital. He died shortly after arriving. Fechter became the first of 192 people who would die while trying to escape East Germany by climbing over the Wall.”
Aside from the wall being a large canvas, what would draw an artist to the wall?
Briefly describe the emotions/crowd tones that are evident in this photo?
What side of the wall are these gentlemen standing on? Explain your answer.
Why would parents bring their children to this event?
What is pictured in this photo?
How is Berlin a symbol or metaphor for the entire Cold War period? Consider the economic, cultural and political implications of the separation and eventual reunification of this important city?