Download
the cold war n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Cold War PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Cold War

The Cold War

99 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

The Cold War

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Cold War

  2. Journal #34 • What do you know about the Cold War? List as many things as you can. • Where did you learn or hear about this information? • Write at least one thing you know on the board and then hand in your journals.

  3. Review (pgs. 516-517) • Nuremberg Trials • Denazification • Refugees • Situation in Japan • Democratization • Constitution • Diet (parliament) • Demilitarization

  4. Yalta and Potsdam • Yalta Conference, 1945: Stalin promises free elections in Eastern Europe • But wants Poland to be a barrier between the USSR and Germany (wants Poland Communist) • By the Potsdam Conference: • Separate “spheres of influence” • Big 3 breakdown

  5. Occupied Germany • Three zones under military rule • British, US, Russian • Berlin in the Soviet zone • Berlin divided into four zones: • French (West Berlin) • British (West Berlin) • US (West Berlin) • Soviet (East Berlin)

  6. Creation of the United Nations • Founded in 1945 by 51 countries (now 192) • General Assembly • Security Council • 5 permanent members • US, China, Russia, Great Britain, France • Veto powers • 15 members total • Goal to settle disputes and keep peace

  7. Review of Communism and contrasting US-Soviet goals • Look at the chart on pg. 532. • Which US and Soviet aims in Europe conflicted? • Communism review:

  8. Essential Questions • What was the Cold War? • Why did World War II cause a split between the United States and the Soviet Union?

  9. What is the “Cold” War? • Why “cold”? • Definition: Struggle over different political ideologies carried on by means short of military action or war

  10. How was the Cold War “fought”? • Espionage (spying) • Propaganda • Multinational alliances • Foreign aid to win allies • Brinkmanship • Surrogate wars

  11. Did the Cold War ever heat up? • Yes—with surrogate or proxy wars • Wars in which opposing powers use other countries as substitutes for fighting each other directly • Examples?

  12. Journal #35 • What is a superpower? (there can be multiple answers for this…) • What are some famous superpower countries from history? • Who are the superpower countries today? Why?

  13. 1946-1948: Beginning of the Cold War • Our Essential Question today: What events occurred post-World War II that increased tensions between the USSR and US? • Causes of the Cold War: • Ideological/social • Political • Economic

  14. For each event, consider: • Is this an example of an American or Soviet escalation (“heating up”) of the Cold War? • Is this a social/ideological, political, or economic cause? Or all three?

  15. Expert Groups • Iron Curtain: Brendan, Madison, Roman • Containment: Kyle, Jacob, Tyler • Truman Doctrine: Morgan, Spencer, Ben • Marshall Plan: Anthony, Giulianna, Josh, Brian • Berlin Blockade/Berlin Airlift: Siany, Kevin, Evan, Peter

  16. Rank Rank all five events from: -1. Most significant in escalating the war to… -5. Least significant in escalating the war For each ranking, write 1-2 sentences justifying your choice.

  17. Journal #36 • What has been the most challenging part of the research process for you so far? • Is there anything you feel that you need more information about or more help on to succeed in your research paper?

  18. Review: • Containment (1947) • Truman Doctrine (1947) • Marshall Plan (1947) • Berlin Blockade and Airlift (1948-49) • Iron Curtain (1949)

  19. The Iron Curtain Map

  20. Finding Primary Sources • A huge list here: http://www.calstatela.edu/library/guides/psweb.htm

  21. Journal #37 • What makes someone a great leader? What qualities do they possess that make people want to follow them?

  22. China: Background • Nationalist Leader: Jiang Jieshi (or Chiang Kai-shek) • Nationalists overthrew the Qing dynasty (emperor) in 1911 • Formed a republic, but it was corrupt • Communist Leader: Mao Zedong (or Mao Tse-tung) • Formed the Communist Party in 1921 • Peasants (not city proletariat) are the revolutionaries • Civil war: 1930-1938

  23. Civil War • 1946-1949 • World War II: • Occupied by the Japanese • Death toll: 10-22 million • Both sides join forces against the Japanese • Post World War II: • Civil war resumes

  24. 1949: Another domino falls • Despite US support for Nationalists, Communists defeat them • New government: People’s Republic of China • Supported by USSR • Nationalists set up their own government on the island of Taiwan • Supported by US

  25. Communist China • Key terms to look out for in the film: • Collective farms/communes • “The Great Leap Forward” (1958-1961) • Red Guards • The Cultural Revolution (1966-1968)

  26. Journal #38 • What is one similarity you notice between the Communist countries we have learned about so far (Russia and China)?

  27. Arms race and space race • 1949: USSR gets the bomb • 1952 and 1953: US and USSR create the H-bomb, more powerful than the A-bomb • Brinkmanship • 1957: Soviets create ICBM rocket (intercontinental ballistic missile) and launched Sputnik • 1958: American satellite Explorer • 1960: U-2 spy plane incident

  28. Primary source analysis practice • Step 1: Read the title, author, and intro. • Step 2: Read the questions, especially the long answer question! • Step 3: Highlight or underline: • Main ideas • Answers to the questions • Carefully re-read the sections of the text when you answer the questions!

  29. Journal #39 • How was your Thanksgiving break? • Review: Today and tomorrow we will be learning about the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Make a prediction: with what we have learned about Eastern Europe and China, what do you think happens in these countries? Why do you think the US gets involved?

  30. Korea • 1950-1953 • First “hot war” of the Cold War • World War II: • With Japanese surrender, Allies divide Korea at the 38th parallel (dividing the country) • North: Soviet Union, communist • South: United States, democratic

  31. 38th Parallel

  32. Korean War • Both sides wanted to reunify the country • 1950: N. Korea invades S. Korea • US, United Nations fights with the South • China backs the North, sends 300,000 troops • Result: Cease fire and stalemate at the 38th parallel

  33. Textbook Analysis • Why might textbooks from different countries offer different versions of the same historical events? • When textbooks offer conflicting accounts, how do you decide which textbook to believe?

  34. Who started the Korean War? • According to each textbook, how did the war start? • Which textbook do you find more trustworthy? Why? • Where else would you look to find out how the Korean War started? • Which textbook comes from North Korea? Which comes from South Korea? • Compare these textbooks with ours.

  35. North Korea Today • Demilitarized zone • Communist dictator Kim Il Sung and son Kim Jong Il • Development of nuclear weapons

  36. Journal #40 • 1. What did you think of the North Korea travel clips yesterday? • 2. List the divided countries following World War II. • 3. What are problems of divided countries?

  37. Vietnam War • America’s longest war: 1950-1975 • Millions of Vietnamese deaths and 58,000 American deaths

  38. Roots of the conflict • Vietnam a French colony • Ho Chi Minh: Communist revolutionary • 1945: Beginning of fight for Vietnam’s independence

  39. Ho Chi Minh

  40. Result of independence:1954 • Geneva Convention divided Vietnam along the 17th parallel • S. Vietnam: • Anti-communist Ngo Dinh Diem backed by US • Corrupt dictatorship • N. Vietnam: • Communist Ho Chi Minh

  41. War begins 1960 • Northern plan to unify the country • Revolt in the South: • National Liberation Front (NLF) or the Vietcong • Guerilla warfare • Took control of the countryside • Ho Chi Minh Trail: Armies from the North move South

  42. Ho Chi Minh Trail

  43. US involvement • Gulf of Tonkin, 1965: • Justification to go to war (Pres. Johnson) • Stated that N. Vietnamese boats had attacked 2 US destroyers • In fact, it is likely that no attack took place • Obstacles to victory: • Jungle fighting • Tunnels

  44. Results • Anti-war feeling at home • Vietnamization: Giving more responsibility for the fighting to the Vietnamese • Tet Offensive, 1968 • My Lai • US leaves the war in 1974; in 1975 S. Vietnamese gov’t. falls to N. Vietnam

  45. Khmer Rouge and Pol Pot in Cambodia • Communist rebels • Pol Pot murdered 2 million people

  46. “Third World” • Industrialized, capitalist nations: 1st world • Communist nations: 2nd world • Developing nations: 3rd world • Asia, Africa, Latin America, Middle East • “Nonaligned” • Not with either side

  47. Third World Research • Cuba: • Revolution • Missile Crisis • Bay of Pigs • Nicaraguan Civil War • Iranian Revolution • Soviets in Afghanistan

  48. Journal #41 • Imagine you’ve gotten into an argument with your best friend and now you are in a “cold war.” • How could you “relax the tensions” between the two of you?