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Early American History: 1600 to 1791 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Early American History: 1600 to 1791. English Roots of our Government. Magna Carta: 1215 English Bill of Rights: 1689 John Locke: Social Contract: 1690. Magna Carta: 1215 It limited English king’s power. John Locke & Thomas Jefferson Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.

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english roots of our government
English Roots of our Government
  • Magna Carta: 1215
  • English Bill of Rights: 1689
  • John Locke: Social Contract: 1690
american revolution 1775 to 1781
British tighten control on colonists by taxation

Colonists protest

Colonists formed militias

Declaration of Independence

U.S. (colonists) gain independence

Form a government: Articles of Confederation

Later, formed a better form of government: Constitution

American Revolution1775 to 1781
articles of confederation
Articles of Confederation
  • No president
  • No national court system
  • No power to tax
  • No national armed forces…each state raised its own troops
  • Each state had its own currency
constitutional convention 1787
Constitutional Convention1787
  • 55 delegates met in Philadelphia: all men and very wealthy
  • In 3 months they drew up the Constitution
  • Balance between states and national govt.
  • Three Branches
  • Checks and Balances
  • Bill of Rights: rights to people
the constitution debate
Federalists

Wanted a strong national government

Wanted to ratify the Constitution

Anti-Federalists

Were against the ratification of the Constitution

Complained that it lacked a section that gave the People rights.

The Constitution: Debate
bill of rights
Bill of Rights
  • 1st amendment: freedom of religion, speech, press, right to assemble and petition
  • 2nd amendment: right to bear arms
  • 3rd amendment: no quartering of soldiers
  • 4th amendment: no unreasonable searches and seizures of persons and property without probable cause
  • 5th amendment: no double jeopardy, right to remain silent…..
  • 6th amendment: right to a speedy trial
  • 7th amendment: guarantees a jury trial in civil cases
  • 8th amendment: no excessive bails or fines and no cruel and unusual punishment