6 Most Important Dates in Early American History. 1607 Jamestown founded in the colony of Virginia 1620 Pilgrims land and founded Plymouth colony 1776 Declaration of Independence signed in Philadelphia 1787 U.S. Constitution written in Philadelphia and ratified by all the states in 1789
1607; the first permanent English settlement in North America
Business in which investors pool their wealth to turn a profit. An example is the Virginia Company that founded Jamestown
Investors wait for news about the South Sea Company, a joint stock company formed in London in 1711.
Group of English Protestants who settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Puritans in the 1700's
1620 agreement for ruling the Plymouth Colony, signed by the pilgrims before landing at Plymouth
Separatists (people who wanted to separate from the Anglican Church) who journeyed to the colonies during the 1600s for religious freedom
1620, Colony founded by separatists in Massachusetts. They called themselves pilgrims
The religious and social movement in the 16th century in Europe that began as an effort to change or reform the Roman Catholic Church and ended with founding of Protestantism
English colonies of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire; economy was dependent on fishing, trade, and ship building
Revolt against the colonial government in Virginia led by Nathaniel Bacon. Citizens in the western part of the colony, were angry over the easterners dominating the gov and believed they were not being protected from the Native Americans.
Nathaniel Bacon confronting Governor Berkeley
A form of government where people vote directly or through elected representatives
The first written constitution (rulebook for government) in America. It described in detail how the gov of Connecticut would be organized.
First representative assembly (legislature) in North America; created in colonial Virginia .
Held its first meeting at Jamestown Church in the summer of 1619. Its first order of business: setting a minimum price for the sale of tobacco.
Political system in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them.
English Colonies of New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania where the economy was dependent on grain, cattle, and iron. Also called the “breadbasket” colonies
English Colonies of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia where the economy was dependent on cash crops like rice, indigo and tobacco.
Person who agreed to work without wages for a period of time in exchange for passage to the colonies
Crop sold for money at market. (i.e. cotton, tobacco)
Life in the
System in which the government plays a limited role in the economy.
Colonial trade route between New England, the West Indies, and Africa.
Trade products brought into a country
US Oil Imports
Trade products sent to markets outside a country.
A person who is forced to work for another for free
A law passed in the colony of Maryland in 1649 that granted Protestants and Catholics the right to worship freely.
Lord Baltimore commending his people to wisdom, justice and mercy
Religious movement in the English colonies in the early 1700s
English constitution in 1215 with two basic ideas: Monarchs have to obey the laws, and citizens have basic rights.
King John signing the Magna Carta
British document in 1689, that protected the rights of Englishmen. It was used as a model for our Bill of Rights
Belief that members of government should have to follow certain rules. Often a constitution is used to specify the powers and responsibilities of government
Held in Plymouth Colony, these meetings were considered the purest form of democracy because all freemen in the town were allowed to vote on issues facing the town.
Idea that a nation’s economic strength came from protecting and increasing its home economy by keeping strict control over its colonial trade
Road to Revolution
A war between England and France from 1754 to 1763. Both sides had Native American allies, with the British Colonies helping the British.
LT. Col. during the French and Indian War; became a hero when he led British survivors to safety in the battle at Fort Duquesne.
law passed after the French and Indian War by King George III forbidding colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
King of Great Britain leading up to and during the American Revolution.
Laws passed by the English Parliament in the 1650s; regulated trade between England and its colonies
Refusal to buy certain goods and services
Law passed by Parliament in 1764 placing a tax on sugar, molasses, and other goods shipped to the colonies; called for harsh punishment of smugglers.
1765 law that placed new duties on legal documents and taxed newspapers, almanacs, playing cards, and dice
Agreements made by merchants in the colonies not to import British goods.
Meeting called to organize the colonies resistance to the Stamp Act passed by the British Parliament
Tax on foreign goods brought into a country. Problems started between Great Britain and the 13 Colonies when Britain started collecting taxes in the colonies.
Laws passed in 1767 that taxed goods such as glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea.
Road to Revolution
LET US IN !!!!
Colonial militia volunteers who prepare to fight in a minutes notice.
American Revolution 2
“Remember the Ladies, and be more generous and favorable to them than your ancestors”.
Wife of John Adams (2nd president) and mother of John Quincy Adams (6th president) who was in favor of equal rights for women.
George Washington addressing the
Constitutional Convention in
Early Republic Government
Principle of the US Constitution that prevents abuse of power by giving each branch of government the power to check the other branches.
Belief by our Founders that power should be divided between the three branches to prevent one branch from abusing their power.
Plan presented by James Madison and favored by larger states; called for a strong national Gov. with three branches and a bicameral legislature based on population.
Plan of government
proposed and favored
by smaller states;
called for a one-house
legislature in which
each state got one vote.
Agreement by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention that three fifths of the slaves in any state would be counted in that states’ population.
Anything not allowed under the Constitution.
The first 10 amendments
to the United States
To change, add to or take away from a document.
President - Enforces
House of Representative
and Senate (also known
as Congress) - Writes
the bills (proposed laws)
Supreme Court –
President Richard Nixon
The highest court in the judicial branch of the United States