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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 PowerPoint Presentation
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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

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  1. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 Introduction and Scope of Lectures Definition of Legislative Supremacy Ultimate Legislative Authority Comparison with USA

  2. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 • History of Supremacy • Situation pre-1688 • Dr. Bonham’s Case (1610) 8 Co Rep 114 • Case of Proclamations (1611) 12 Co Rep 74 • Importance of Glorious Revolution

  3. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 • A V Dicey – Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution. (1885) • "[Parliament] has under the English constitution, the right to make or unmake any law whatever; and further that no person or body is recognised by the law of England as having a right to override or set aside the legislation of Parliament." • Positive and Negative Aspect

  4. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 • Three things to note about Dicey’s theory • 1. Date and ‘novelty.’ • 2. Constitutional Status • 3. Theory of legal not political validity – see Madzimbamuto v. Lardner-Burke [1969] 1 AC 695.

  5. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 • Positive Aspect – no limit on the subject-matter of legislation. • Illustrated by reference to 3 different areas. • 1. Act of Union with Scotland • 2. Constitutional Reform • 3. Statutes which conflict with international law.

  6. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 • 1. The Act of Union with Scotland • MacCormick v. Lord Advocate 1953 Sc 396 • Gibson v. Lord Advocate (1975) SLT 134 • See now Scotland Act 1998.

  7. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 • 2. Constitutional Reform • Parliament Acts 1911-1949 – see R (Jackson and ors) v. A/G [2005] EWCA Civ 126 • European Communities Act 1972 - see Blackburn v. A.G. [1971] 1 WLR 137. • House of Lords Act 1999

  8. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 • 3. Statutes which conflict with international law • ‘Duallist’ Approach • Mortensen v. Peters (1906) 14 SLT 227. • Cheney v. Conn [1968] 1 All ER 779.

  9. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 • The Enrolled Act Rule • Edinburgh & Dalkeith Railway v. Wauchope (1842) • A-G for New South Wales v. Trethowan [1932] AC 526 (PC) • Pickin v. British Railways Board [1974] AC 765.

  10. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1 • Summary and analysis of Position under Dicey’s Theory. • Why do people continue to challenge the validity of Acts of Parliament? • Is Dicey still relevant?