livestock welfare assessment and issues 1 1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Livestock: welfare assessment and issues (1) 農場動物 : 福利評估與論述 (1)

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 41

Livestock: welfare assessment and issues (1) 農場動物 : 福利評估與論述 (1) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 159 Views
  • Uploaded on

Livestock: welfare assessment and issues (1) 農場動物 : 福利評估與論述 (1). Module 13 模組 13. This module will enable you to 本模組教學目標. Identify the primary causes of poor farm animal welfare 認識造成農場動物福利不良的主要原因 Differentiate between inherent and avoidable welfare problems 區分先天的和可避免的福利問題

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Livestock: welfare assessment and issues (1) 農場動物 : 福利評估與論述 (1)' - nira


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
livestock welfare assessment and issues 1 1

Livestock: welfare assessment and issues (1)農場動物:福利評估與論述(1)

Module 13

模組13

this module will enable you to

This module will enable you to本模組教學目標

Identify the primary causes of poor farm animal welfare 認識造成農場動物福利不良的主要原因

Differentiate between inherent and avoidable welfare problems 區分先天的和可避免的福利問題

Use the Five Freedoms to assess the welfare of farm animals on farm, using the example of sows in three different husbandry systems 使用五大自由來評估農場動物福利,並以三種不同牧場系統飼養的母豬為例說明

farm animal welfare why is it important
Farm animal welfare: 農場動物福利 Why is it important? 為何重要?
  • Large numbers involved 牽涉到的動物數量很大
  • Completely under human dominion 完全在人類的管轄之下
  • Valued only as commodities 只是日用品的價值
farm animal welfare causes of poor welfare
Farm animal welfare:農場動物福利 Causes of poor welfare 貧乏福利成因
  • Extensive versus intensive systems

廣闊的系統vs集約的系統

But is it that simple? 事情有這麼簡單?

extensive versus intensive systems vs
Extensive versus intensive systems廣闊的系統vs集約的系統

“So far as animals are concerned it matters not what we think or feel but what we do”

“到目前為止動物所關心的不是我們如何感想

而是我們如何做”

Webster 1994

韋伯斯特 1994

extensive versus intensive systems vs6
Extensive versus intensive systems廣闊的系統vs集約的系統

Welfare

動物福利

Intensification

集約飼養

Hill sheep

山坡上的綿羊

Single suckled cow on grass

單獨在草原吃草的泌乳牛

Battery hens

籠飼母雞

extensive versus intensive vs how do we assess welfare
Extensive versus intensive – 廣闊vs集約how do we assess welfare?如何評估福利?

Battery cages 籠架飼養

extensive versus intensive vs how do we assess welfare8
Extensive versus intensive – 廣闊vs集約how do we assess welfare?如何評估福利?

The Five Freedoms: the battery hen 以籠飼雞為例說明五大自由

using the five freedoms to assess welfare what to look for
Using the Five Freedoms to assess welfare: What to look for利用五大自由評估福利:注意的重點
using the five freedoms to assess welfare what to look for11
Using the Five Freedoms to assess welfare: What to look for利用五大自由評估福利:注意的重點
using the five freedoms to assess welfare what to look for12
Using the Five Freedoms to assess welfare: What to look for利用五大自由評估福利:注意的重點
using the five freedoms to assess welfare what to look for13
Using the Five Freedoms to assess welfare: What to look for利用五大自由評估福利:注意的重點
using the five freedoms to assess welfare what to look for14
Using the Five Freedoms to assess welfare: What to look for利用五大自由評估福利:注意的重點
causes of poor welfare
Causes of poor welfare動物福利貧乏的原因
  • Inherent to husbandry system 牧場先天問題
    • Difficult/impossible to rectify 困難/無法矯正的
    • System-specific 系統特有的
  • Poor management/insufficient resources 經營效率不佳/資源不夠
    • More easily rectified 比較容易矯正的
    • May be poor in any system 全系統可能都貧乏的
causes of poor welfare16
Causes of poor welfare動物福利貧乏的原因
  • Neglect 忽視
  • Production pressures 生產壓力
  • Genetic unsuitability 遺傳不適性
causes of poor welfare neglect
Causes of poor welfare: Neglect動物福利貧乏的原因:忽視
  • Lack of resources 缺乏資源
  • Insufficient knowledge/training 知識/訓練不足
  • Subsidy bias 補貼偏頗
  • Low stockperson:animal ratio 動物管理員:動物之比率低
causes of poor welfare production pressures
Causes of poor welfare: Production pressures動物福利貧乏的原因:生產壓力
  • Low stockperson:animal ratio動物管理員:動物之比率低
  • High stocking densities/group sizes 飼養密度/族群大小之值高
  • Fast growth/production rates 快速生長/生產速率
    • E.g. Forced moulting 例如:強迫換羽
causes of poor welfare genetic unsuitability
Causes of poor welfare: Genetic unsuitability動物福利貧乏的原因:遺傳不適性
  • Unsuited to environmental or climatic conditions 不適合當地環境或氣候條件
  • Unsuited to husbandry system/diet 不適合飼養系統/飲食
  • Breeding programmes 繁殖計畫
    • Underemphasis of health traits (Ashwell et al 2002; Oltenacu et al 2005)
the welfare potential of husbandry systems 1 1
The welfare potential of husbandry systems 1牧場系統的福利潛力 1
  • Housing system 房舍系統
  • Breed type 繁殖種類
  • Feeding regime 餵食方式
  • Husbandry practices that cause pain 造成疼痛的飼養習慣
the welfare potential of husbandry systems 2 2
The welfare potential of husbandry systems 2牧場系統的福利潛力 2
the welfare potential of husbandry systems 3 3
The welfare potential of husbandry systems 3牧場系統的福利潛力 3
the welfare potential of husbandry systems 4 4
The welfare potential of husbandry systems 4牧場系統的福利潛力 4
sow husbandry systems
Sow husbandry systems母豬牧場系統
  • Loose housed (fully or partially slatted; concrete; or with bedding) 寬欄舍(有完全或部份鋪木板;水泥地;或是有墊料)
    • Electronic sow feeder (ESF) 電子式的母豬餵食裝置
    • Scatter feeding 分散的餵食
    • Free access stalls 自由進出的欄舍
    • Ad lib feeding 任意餵食裝置
  • Stalls +/- tethers 畜舍加上有/無栓鍊
  • Free range 田野放牧
sow husbandry systems loose housed straw yards
Sow husbandry systems:Loose housed – straw yards母豬牧場系統:寬欄舍 - 麥稈床
five freedoms assessment of the welfare of s ows in a deep straw yard
Five Freedoms assessment of the welfare of sows in a deep straw yard 五項自由評估深厚麥稈床的母豬福利
primary welfare issues sows in loose housed systems
Primary welfare issues – sows in loose housed systems主要福利議題 — 母豬在寬欄舍飼養系統
  • Loose-housed – aggression/fear, discomfort, boredom 寬鬆的房舍 –攻擊/恐懼,不適,單調
    • Fighting 打架
    • Vulva biting 生殖器咬傷
    • Restriction of normal behaviour in non-substrate systems (full/partial slats or concrete floors)在非基質系統中限制正常的行為 (全部/部份鋪木板條或水泥的地板)
five freedoms assessment of the welfare of s ows in stalls
Five Freedoms assessment of the welfare of sows in stalls五項自由評估畜舍的母豬福利
primary welfare issues sows in stall and tether systems
Primary welfare issues – sows in stall and tether systems主要福利議題 — 母豬在畜舍和栓練飼養系統
  • Boredom/restriction of normal behaviour 單調環境/限制正常行為
  • Restriction of movement 行動限制
  • Physical discomfort 生理不舒適
  • Urinary tract infection 尿道感染
  • Feet injuries 蹄受傷
  • Tether sores栓鍊處潰爛
sow husbandry systems free range
Sow husbandry systems: Free range母豬牧場系統:田野放養
five freedoms assessment of the welfare of free range sows
Five Freedoms assessment of the welfare of free-range sows五項自由評估自由放養的母豬福利
primary welfare issues sows in free range systems
Primary welfare issues – sows in free range systems主要福利議題 — 母豬在自由放養系統
  • Free range systems – heat/cold stress, sunburn, feet injuries and nose rings 田野放養系統 –熱/冷壓力,日曬,蹄受傷和穿鼻環
    • Genetic unsuitability 遺傳不適性
    • Lack of shelter/wallows 缺乏庇護所/泥中打滾場所
    • Feet injuries due to stony ground 多石頭的地面導致蹄受傷
    • Nose ringing to prevent pasture damage 被迫穿鼻環以防止牧場損害
primary welfare issues sows in farrowing crates
Primary welfare issues – sows in farrowing crates主要福利議題 — 母豬哺乳欄系統
primary welfare issues sows in farrowing crates37
Primary welfare issues – sows in farrowing crates主要福利議題 — 母豬哺乳欄系統
  • Crates are required due to genetic unsuitability (large litters) 遺傳上不適應所以需要使用哺乳欄
  • Severe restriction of normal behaviour 嚴重限制正常的行為
    • Lack of substrate and space for nesting缺乏築窩的材料和空間
    • Nesting is strongly motivated但築巢行為受強烈刺激
  • Disease疾病
    • Increased levels of dystocia and urinary tract infections增加難產及尿道感染的機會
  • Discomfort 不適感
on farm welfare assessment summary
On-farm welfare assessment – summary總結農場動物福利評估
  • Can assess welfare in terms of the Five Freedoms – what are the problems? 利用五項自由可以評估福利 – 問題有哪些?
  • For each problem – why is it occurring? 針對每一個問題 – 為什麼它會發生?
  • Is it an inherent or avoidable problem? 這是一個先天的或者是可以避免的問題?
  • What action can be taken to prevent it? 可以採取哪些行動來預防它?
  • For other assessment methods, see Module 8 其他的評估方法,詳見模組8
welfare improvement
Welfare improvement農場動物福利的改善
  • Advice忠告
    • Improve husbandry system 改善牧場系統
    • Change husbandry system 改變牧場系統
  • Legislation立法
    • Minimum requirements for each system 每個系統的最低要求
    • Prohibiting certain systems 禁止某些系統
  • Marketplace 市場
    • Consumers may seek higher welfare standards 消費者可能會尋找更高的福利標準
further reading
Further Reading進階讀物
  • Arey D, Brooke P. 2006. Animal Welfare Aspects of Good Agricultural Practice: pig production. Compassion in World Farming, Petersfield.
  • Ashwell MS, Sonstegard TS, Van Tassell CP, 2002: Mapping Genes Related To Disease Resistance And Milk Production In U.S. Holsteins Conference Proceedings: American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine Forum 2002
  • Compassion in World Farming website at www.ciwf.co.uk
  • Farm Animal Welfare Council (FAWC) reports on website www.fawc.org.uk
  • Fraser AF & Broom DM 1996: Farm Animal Behaviour and Welfare. 3rd Ed. CABI Publishing, ISBN 0851991602
  • Oltenacu T, Algers B. 2005: Selection for increased production and the welfare of dairy cows: are new breeding goals needed? Ambio 34: 311-315.
further reading41
Further Reading進階讀物
  • Rauw WM, Kanis E, Noordhuizen-Stassen EN, Grommers FJ. 1998 Undesirable side effects of selection for high production efficiency in farm animals: a review. Livest Prod Sci 56: 15-33
  • Webster J. 1994: Animal Welfare: A Cool Eye towards Eden. Oxford, Blackwell Science ISBN 0632039280
  • Webster J. 2005: Animal Welfare: Limping Towards Eden. Oxford, Blackwell Science ISBN 1405118776