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RISK ASSESSMENT. RAISING AWARENESS. RISK ASSESSMENT. Purpose Explain the risk assessment process Detail 5 basic steps for carrying out a risk assessment Objectives To familiarise candidates with OP-10-01-030 and associated pro-formas

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RISK ASSESSMENT


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    1. RISK ASSESSMENT • RAISING AWARENESS

    2. RISK ASSESSMENT • Purpose • Explain the risk assessment process • Detail 5 basic steps for carrying out a risk assessment Objectives • To familiarise candidates with OP-10-01-030 and associated pro-formas • To give candidates the confidence to carry out a risk assessment within the work environment • Format • Explain the basics steps • Show a video on risk assessment • Do a desk top risk assessment • All lasting around 2 hours • Questions can be asked at any time during the session • End of session questionnaire

    3. WHY RISK ASSESSMENT? Hazards To prevent Accidents By The Identification of Reducing the risk of injury from those hazards to as low a level as is reasonably practicable

    4. BENEFITS OF RISK ASSESSMENT • Comply With The Law • Economic • Human

    5. WHAT IS A RISK ASSESSMENT ? • “ The overall process of estimating the magnitude of risk to the population that might be affected and deciding whether or not the risk is tolerable”

    6. RISK ASSESSMENT • BASICALLY RISK ASSESSMENT IS THE FIRST STEP TO MAKING YOUR WORKPLACE SAFE • AN EMPLOYER MUST :- • identify the hazards and eliminate where possible. • Evaluate risks • reduce or control risks to a low level • record the assessment (see later) • AN EMPLOYEE MUST:- • co-operate with the employer on all health and safety matters • inform their line manager if they are concerned about a health and safety matter • adhere to all work and safety procedures.

    7. WHO CARRIES OUT RISK ASSESSMENTS? • A risk Assessment Must Be Carried Out By A • COMPETENT PERSON • WHO OR WHAT IS A COMPETENT PERSON?

    8. COMPETENT PERSON A COMPETENT PERSON SHOULD HAVE:- • an understanding of the workplace • an ability to make sound judgements • a knowledge of the best practicable means to reduce those risks identified • COMPETENCY MAY BE DEFINED AS A COMBINATION OF:- • knowledge • skill • experience • quality of personnel • ability to recognise the extent and limitations of one’s own experience.

    9. WHEN ? • AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE ! • PRE DESIGN • PRE MANUFACTURE • PRE SITE VISIT • AT LEAST PRIOR TO WORK COMMENCING

    10. SOME DEFINITIONS Accident An unplanned, unexpected event that can result in injury or damage

    11. SOME DEFINITIONS Something with the potential to cause harm Hazard Risk The likelihood of harm arising from the hazard and the severity of the harm

    12. SOME DEFINITIONS Cost Time Trouble Difficulty Assessment of Risk Reasonably Practicable Balance of the risk against the cost of controls

    13. WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ? Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 Section 2(1) - Employers General Duties “It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure so far as is reasonably practicable the health, safety,and welfare at work of all his employees” Which basically means that risks need to be considered with regard to cost, time, trouble and difficulty

    14. WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ? Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (Supported by an ACOP and Guidance) Regulation 3 - Risk Assessment 1) Every employer shall make a suitable and sufficient assessment of the risks to his employees and persons not in his employment from the hazards arising from his undertaking 2) The assessment should be periodically reviewed 3) The significant findings should be recorded where there are more than five employees

    15. WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ? Regulation 16/17/18/ New and Expectant Mothers The health and safety of new and expectant mothers and that of her baby must be considered Regulation 19 -Protection of Young Persons Young persons need to be protected from risks to health and safety due to their lack of experience and absence of awareness

    16. WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ? Regulation 4 - Principles of Prevention a) Avoid the risk b) Evaluate risks that cannot be avoided c) Combat risks at source d) Adapt the work to the individual e) Adapt to technical progress f) Replace the dangerous with non or less dangerous g) Develop an overall policy h) Give priority to measures protection groups i) Ensure that employees receive the relevant instruction

    17. Risk Assessment In Other Legislation • Control of Substances Hazardous to Health • Regulations 1999 • Display Screen Equipment Regulations 1992 • Manual Handling Regulations 1992

    18. ANY QUESTIONS SO FAR QUESTIONS

    19. FIVE EASY STEPS TO RISK ASSESSMENTS 1. Consider the task or process and who might be at risk 2. Identify the hazards, analyse and evaluate the likelihood against the severity 3. Decide on control measures and implement them 4. Monitor the control measures 5. Review the process

    20. STEP 1What’s The Task and Who May Be At Risk? • The task • Who is at risk?

    21. STEP 2Identifying and Evaluating Hazards and Risk Identifying • Consider the obvious • Use your existing knowledge • Consult with colleagues • Consult manufacturers instructions • Visit the intended workface

    22. STEP 2 CONTINUED - EVALUATE • The Business Operating Procedure has a guidance note on completion in the appendix at the back.

    23. STEP 3 Decide on Controls and Implement • Do away with the hazard • Competent Personnel • Enhance the lighting • Well maintained equipment • Consult manufacturers instructions • Are there regulations and/or standards • that apply? • Personal protective equipment

    24. STEP 4 Monitor The Control Measures Ensure that the controls detailed in the assessment are in place and are effective

    25. STEP 5Review The Risk Assessment • Is the assessment still valid? • Has there been any significant changes? • Is the assessment generic?

    26. BUSINESS OPERATING PROCEDURE • BOP OP-10-01-030 • Health and Safety Risk Assessment

    27. RISK ASSESSMENT RECORD • All Operating Centres throughout the company will be using the same Risk Assessment proforma.

    28. RISK ASSESSMENT RECORD • All Operating Centres throughout the company will be using the same Risk Assessment proforma.

    29. RISK ASSESSMENT RECORD • All Operating Centres throughout the company will be using the same Risk Assessment proforma.

    30. REGISTER • Each operational centre must create a register for registering and controlling Risk Assessments • See later.

    31. RISK ASSESSMENT • VIDEO • “RISK ASSESSMENT FOR INDUSTRY”

    32. DO A RISK ASSESSMENT • PRACTICAL • EXCERCISE

    33. PROCEDURE • KEY RESPONSIBILITIES • EACH OPERATING CENTRE AND FUNCTION WILL DESIGNATE A PERSON OR PERSONS WHO WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE FOLLOWING:- • ensuring that risk assessments are carried out for all work activities within their area of responsibility • establishing and maintaining the ‘Risk Assessment Register’ N.B. for the Renfrew site this will be done by the Health ,Safety and Environment Adviser.

    34. REQUIREMENTS • EACH OPERATIONAL CENTRE WILL CARRY OUT THEIR RISK ASSESSMENTS USING THE PRINCIPLES AND PROCESS OUTLINED IN 5.3 AND 5.4 OF OP-10-01-030. • RECORD THE RISK ASSESSMENT ON THE FORM DETAILED IN APPENDIX 3 OF THE PROCEDURE • (N.B. guidance on completion of this form is in Appendix 2) • COMPLETE ‘ REGISTER OF RISK ASSESSMENT’ AS PER APPENDIX 1. • ENSURE THAT THE RELEVANT RISK ASSESSMENT IS MADE AVAILABLE TO ALL CONCERNED PARTIES AND THAT CONTROL MEASURES ARE FULLY UNDERSTOOD.

    35. Radiation Risk Assessments • If you put a cross on the RA form beside Ionising Radiation , then that should automatically trigger certain actions: • Contact Ian Little • Read the Business Operating Procedure OP-10-01-090.(copy from Ian Little at present) • Refer to relevant Company Local Rules. • (Dosimetry Request and Prior Risk Assessment.

    36. Where to find and where to Archive Risk Assessments Risk Assessments can be found on the MB INTRANET. • Technology Personnel can find Blank in Word Template • Site Services can access Blank in their own directory • Welding Products can access Blank from own directory • Save Completed Risk Assessment • Technology and Engineering • T:/Technology /BC 256/ Safety/Risk Assessments/Tech & Eng Building/RA’s or Register • Site Services • T:/Technology/BC256/Safety/Risk Assessments/Main Office\Ra’s or Register • Welding Products • H:/Weldprod/Risk Assessments EACH OPERATIONAL CENTRE MUST CREATE ITS OWN REGISTER

    37. RISK ASSESSMENT MEMORY JOGGER Remember ERIC PD • Eliminate the hazard • Reduce the hazard • Isolate the hazard • Control the hazard • PersonalProtective Equipment • Discipline

    38. SUMMARY • Risk assessment is required by law under HASAWA • and MHASAW Regulations etc • Risk assessment can help reduce accidents and near • misses and can be done in 5 easy steps • Risk Assessments carried out by MB must record significant risks and the controls required • Those affected must be informed

    39. ARE YOUR CONTROLS ADEQUATE? Something with the potential to cause harm Hazard A RISK ASSESSMENT IS YOUR BEST INVESTMENT

    40. END THANK YOU AND QUESTIONS