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Animal Rights & Welfare What comes to mind when you see these images? ANIMAL RIGHTS Animals should not be used by humans. Animal Welfare If man raises or uses animals, then they should be humanely treated. Given food, water, shelter, health care ANIMAL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
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ANIMAL RIGHTS • Animals should not be used by humans.
Animal Welfare • If man raises or uses animals, then they should be humanely treated. • Given food, water, shelter, health care
ANIMAL RIGHTS MOVEMENT • Rights is not the same as welfare! • Term should not be used as if it means the same as animal welfare • Media often wrongly use the 2 terms interchangeably
ANIMAL RIGHTS Today • There are over 400 animal rights groups. • Came into existence in the 1960s and 1970s. • Initially mainly made up of urban people of whom, were vegetarians.
Beliefs of Most Animal Rights Movement Groups • Humanize animals to have same rights as humans (humans are also animals) • To use animals for human purposes is morally and ethically wrong, reflects a bias that humans are superior to animals • Animals should never be used for food, clothing, medical research, and/or product testing. • Animals should not be used for entertainment • Believe in ecoterrorism to prevent people from using animals if necessary
Animal Rights is: • To end all human "exploitation" of animals - this includes, but is not limited to: • raising and slaughtering of livestock for human or animal consumption • eating meat • Hunting • using animals for medical/veterinary research • Zoos, circuses, rodeos, horseshows, dogshows • animals performing in TV commercials, shows or movies • guide-dogs for the blind • police dogs • search & rescue dogs • and the practice of owning pets
PETA – People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals • Animal Rights Group • Largest group-- 800,000 members • Since 1980, it has been dedicated to establishing and protecting rights of animals. Against eating, wearing, experimenting and using animals for entertainment & kept as pets • RADICAL group • Acts of “terrorism” • Controversial campaigns
PETA – People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals • PETA rakes in nearly $30 million each year in income, much of it raised from pet owners who think their donations actually help animals • PETA is against the no kill movement and euthanizes the majority of animals that are given to them • In 2004, PETA killed 2278 animals while finding homes for 368 animals ! • According to government records PETA has killed more than 17,000 animals since 1998.
PETA – People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals "Arson, property destruction, burglary and theft are 'acceptable crimes' when used for the animal cause." - Alex Pacheco, Director, PETA
ANIMAL LIBERATION FRONT (ALF) • The Animal Liberation Front (ALF) is a name used internationally by those who, through the means of direct action, oppose the use of animals as property or resources through capitalizing on the destruction and experimentation of animals • Includes: • stealing animals from laboratories or fur farms • destroying facilities involved in animal testing and other animal-based industries
ANIMAL LIBERATION FRONT (ALF) • ALF is not a group with a membership, but an example of a leaderless resistance. • ALF has been described as a domestic terrorist threat in the UK, and in January 2005, it was named as a terrorist threat by the United States Department of Homeland Security. • Placing homemade bombs on doorsteps, raiding laboratories, destroying facitilies, setting farm animals “free” (to be run over or die without proper feed/care), etc…
ANIMAL WELFARE Organization • Volunteer run organization • Educate the public about being a responsible animal owner; • making the correct choice of a pet for your needs and lifestyle • having realistic expectations of the behavior and level of care of your pet • finding resources for training to achieve a happy, healthy relationship with your pet. • Educate the public and professionals on the difference between animal welfare and animal rights. http://www.ncraoa.com
So the difference is…. • While Animals Rights Advocates and Groups talk about humane care, the bottom line is to work for humane care and legislation ONLYuntil all animals can be removed from human use. The reason for this is the Animal Rights belief that no species on this planet is better than another; therefore, humans have no right to dominate over, use, breed, or eat non-human species.
Important Dates and Acts of Legislation associated with animal welfare…. 1. 1641The bodies of Liberty-- to protect farm animals from cruel treatment the 1st laws on the books
2. 1828 1st anticruelty act passed by the New York legislature. 3. 1866ASPCA was formed. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
4. 1906Animal Transportation Act —limits distance traveled without food & water 5. 1958Humane Slaughter Act—all animals must be rendered unconscious before bleeding/sticking
6. 1966- Public Law 89-544 Laboratory Animal Welfare Act (AWA) —insure the humane care and treatment of dogs, cats and certain other animals used for research, experimentation, exhibition and sale purposes • Exceptions – mice, rats, and birds used in research • 7. 1976Horse Protection Act - wild horses, mustangs can not be slaughtered
Animal Research • Animal testing or animal research refers to the use of animals in experiments. • 17-23 million animals are used in the United States for research every year. About 95% are rats and mice specifically bred for research • Over 10 times more animals are used by humans for other purposes (agriculture, food, hunting, pest control) than are used in animal testing • 1 million animals a day are hit by vehicles.
Animal Research • In 2000, about $45 billion was spent in the United States for biomedical research. • By comparison, Americans spent $1.5 billion on health care in the year 2000. • In other words, for every $ spent on health care, three and a half cents were spent on research. • Scientists are pleased that the small investment in animal research yields improved treatments and cures that save money. But far more rewarding is the knowledge that animal research saves lives. http://www.fbresearch.org/
Animal Research • The earliest references to animal testing are found in the writings of the Greeks in the second and fourth centuries BC. • Insulin was first isolated from dogs in 1922, and revolutionized the treatment of diabetes
Animal Research "Animal research has played a vital role in virtually every major medical advance of the last century." – Foundation for Biomedical Research
Animal Research • Most scientists and governments say they agree that animal testing should cause as little suffering to animals as possible, and that animal tests should only be performed where necessary. • The “Three Rs" are guiding principles for the use of animals in research in many countries:
Animal Research • Reduction refers to methods that enable researchers to obtain comparable levels of information from fewer animals, or to obtain more information from the same number of animals. • Replacement refers to the preferred use of non-animal methods over animal methods whenever it is possible to achieve the same scientific aim. • Refinementrefers to methods that alleviate or minimize potential pain, suffering or distress, and enhance animal welfare for the animals still used.
Animal Research • According to the 2000 USDA Annual Report: • 63% of animals experienced slight or momentary pain, such as an injection. • 29% of the research procedures employed anesthesia and postoperative painkillers. • 7% of the procedures, neither anesthesia nor pain medication could be used, as they would have interfered with research results. However, when this is the case, pain is minimized as much as possible.
Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals • Provides guidelines and references for establishment and maintenance of effective programs and facilities for animal research • Widely accepted as the primary reference for animal care and use
Responsible Pet Ownership What does it take
Being a responsible pet owner is much more than just providing adequate water, food and shelter for your pet. Domestic pets are completely dependent on their owners for their welfare. • Owning a pet is a lifetime commitment. If you can't make the commitment, don't get the pet.
before adopting consider: • Getting a pet should never be an impulse decision. Careful research and planning are essential. • ANIMALS ARE NOT DISPOSABLE! • Animals are thinking, feeling creatures. They bond deeply with their families, and they deserve the same devotion from you. • Bringing a pet into your home should be a life-long commitment, which can easily be 10-15 years.
before adopting consider: • Prepare for costs associated with basic and emergency veterinary care, quality food, and supplies.
before adopting consider: • Where you get the animal from? Shelter? Breeder? Rescue? Pet store? Puppy Mill?
before adopting consider: • Educate yourself about pet care before you adopt. Responsibilities such as feeding and bathing, cleaning up feces, and walking are all part of caring for your pet.
Take some time to understand dog behavior and develop realistic expectations. Many books and videos are available on the subject.
before adopting consider: • Don't be guilty of "dog storage" by leaving your dog in the back yard 24 hours/day. Exercise your dog daily and make him your companion.
before adopting consider: • Choose a pet that fits your lifestyle! • All dogs require daily exercise; however, active dogs require daily rigorous exercise, such as running, or interaction with other dogs. If you are not up to the task, choose a dog with a calmer, less active temperament.
before adopting consider: • Consider apartment pet restrictions, space, and outside access if you are gone all day. • Pay attention to allergies.
before adopting consider: • Spay or neuter your pets. There are too many homeless animals without adding to the problem.
before adopting consider: • Be aware of weather conditions. Leaving your dog in the car on a hot day or in the yard without shade or water is risking your dog's life.
before adopting consider: • Pet Proof - Make sure your home is "pet" safe. Pesticides, medications, household cleaners and some houseplants can be deadly to your pet. Keep them out of reach.
before adopting consider: • Keep identification tag on your pet... it is your pets ticket back home. • Both dogs and cats need ID!! Microchipping is good too, but an external tag is essential, it could mean the difference of your neighbor returning your pet to you or turning him into the pound!
before adopting consider: • Obedience train and socialize your animal. • Don't let your pets run loose. Dogs should be walked leashes. Any outdoor off leash access should be secure in a fenced area. An outdoor cats average lifespan is 3 years, an indoor cat's average lifespan is 14 years.
before adopting consider: • Provide your pet the proper diet. Obesity can be as deadly as malnutrition. Be aware that some foods can be deadly, such as chocolate, grapes/raisins and fatty foods can cause pancreatitis. • Make sure your pet gets proper amount of exercise.
Be kind to your pet and show it love... remember you are it’s world.