Focus Question: Identify three changes the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828 brought to the United States.
Andrew Jackson, Man of Conflict • Violent Individual (“Gentleman Savage”) • Frontiersman • Used to a rough and tumble life • Served in the War for Independence at the age of 11 • Fought a series of duels • Brought up with life as a struggle • War Hero • Defeated the Creek in 1811 • Defeated the British at New Orleans • Defeated the Seminole in 1819
The Return of the Two-Party System • The Federalist Party Collapsed in 1816 • Could not win in national elections • Jeffersonian Republicans adopted many of their ideas • The time period was called the Era of Good Feelings Party loyalties now stressed personality
Election of 1824 • Four-way race for President • John Quincy Adams, Massachusetts, Secretary of State • Andrew Jackson, Tennessee, War Hero • Henry Clay, Kentucky, Speaker of the House • William Crawford, Georgia, Secretary of the Treasury
The “Corrupt Bargain” • The House of Representatives elected Adams president • Henry Clay was appointed Secretary of State • Jackson’s supporters began campaigning almost immediately
Jacksonian Democracy • Jackson brought a new style to the White House • Designed government to “restore power to the people” • Saw the government as reflecting the common man • Promoted the “Spoils System” • Government positions given to political supporters
Jackson despised “Eastern Elites” • Felt that the powerful held too much power • Felt that the “common people” were left out • Despised distinctions based on class
Decentralized Government • Shift power from Washington to the states • Reduce tariffs • Restrict spending on “internal improvements” • Close the 2nd Bank of the U.S. • Promoted a “rotation in office” • Age of the Common Man
Mixed Record • Role of Political Machines • The Bank Crisis and the Panic of 1837 • The Nullification Crisis • Indian Removal
Answer in a short, 5-7 sentence paragraph: Based on class discussion, your understanding of history and the documents, determine the validity of the following statement: The Jackson Administration was generally positive for Americans.