Main Idea • President Andrew Jackson’s bold actions defined a period of American history.
Path to the Presidency • War of 1812 made Jackson a national hero • 1824 election, Jackson wins the popular vote, but the House picks John Q. Adams as president • “Corrupt bargain”- Jackson vows to win in 1828
Jacksonian Democracy • Jackson’s supporters become known as Democrats • Jackson seen as a friend to the common man • Universal white male suffrage
Spoils System • Jackson began the practice of replacing government officials with people who had supported him during the campaign. • Has President Obamausedthe spoils system?
Indian Removal • Whites in the South and Northwest desired more land for farming. • American Indians in these areas still owned large amounts of land. • 1830: Indian Removal Act: relocates Indians to Oklahoma
Trail of Tears • Army forces thousands of Indians off their land. • Indians marched thousands of miles, many die along the way. • What if the government took your land?
Indians Fight Back • Some Indians turn to violence. • Cherokee go to Supreme Court • Worcester v. Georgia: 1832, ruled that the gov. shouldn’t move Indians. • President Jackson: • “John Marshall has made his decision – now let him enforce it.” • Indians removed
Bank War • Jackson hated the BUS • Claimed that it was unconstitutional • Jackson vetoed a bill to re-charter the BUS • Jackson then ordered federal $ out of the BUS and into pet banks. • BUS dies in 1836
Nullification Crisis • What is nullifications? • When was this idea first introduced? • Some states still claimed to have the ultimate power over federal laws. • States’ rights
Nullification Crisis • South imported a large amount of goods from Europe. • Tariffs drove the price of those imports higher. • Tariff of Abomination • South Carolina Exposition and Protest: Vice President John Calhoun suggests that states nullify the tariff. • SC threatens to secede, or leave, from the US.
Nullification Crisis • President Jackson tells SC that he will invade with the Army if they nullify the tariff. • SC backs down, VP Calhoun resigns • What do you anticipate will become of the idea of states’ rights vs. federal authority?