FROM HONEY GATHERING TO BEE KEEPING : the role of bees TO IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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FROM HONEY GATHERING TO BEE KEEPING : the role of bees TO IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS

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  1. FROM HONEY GATHERING TO BEE KEEPING: the role of beesTO IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS by Paul Vantomme Forestry Department, FAO

  2. overview Purpose of presentation: • raise awareness and inform on the wide range of products and services offered by bee’s to a wide range of different actors • impact of honey hunting & bee-keeping on many sectors, and vice-versa; and the need for more inter-sectorial communication and policy support (Agriculture, Nutrition, Health, Trade, Forestry, Rural Development - Small scale/ family enterprises, Pollination, Environment, Consumer protection,..……)

  3. Honey Bee wax Pollen Propolis Royal jelly Bee brood Bee Venom ...... Pollination Apitherapy Environmental indicator income generation not “land” bound low start-up capital intern. trade cultural ........ wide range of products and services offered by bee’s

  4. wide range of different actors involved with bee’s • Honey-gatherers (rural forest dependent peoples mainly in developing countries for their food, health and cultural needs) • Bee-maintaining/-keepers (varying levels of + technology) • Bee products processors & traders • Bee-keeping equipment manufacturing • Food preparation & food processing Industry • Health care providers (apitherapy, medications,.....) • Farmers and (fruit) (tree-) crops growers (polination) • NGO’s (producers/ trade associations, environmental,...) • Government Agencies (for ex. Tanzania “Forestry and Bee-keeping Division” Minstr. NR & Tourism) • Donors, International Development Organizations,... • Public in general at large .........

  5. impact of honey hunting & bee-keeping on # sectors • Environment: (indicator species) • honey-hunting: destructive for bee’s + environment (cutting trees, bush-fire,. !): Forestry • Agriculture: +pollination • Economic: income generation & Trade (SCE) • Technology:raw materials new products (RD) • Health/ Nutrition • Social & Cultural (Gender: opportunities for women, children and eldery people) • ......

  6. impact of # sectors on honey hunting & bee-keeping • Environmental degradation; forest fires;.. (Env.; Forestry;...) • Agriculture: +pesticides, too frequent bee-hives relocations, monoculture landscapes, reduced BioDiversity,.. • Competition from substitutes (honey, wax, etc..) (Research) • Social & Cultural (Educ.; Training): loss of bee-keeping skills in rural areas due to move to cities, or other job opportunities making bee-keeping less interesting (large scale oil-palm-; rubber-; or soja crops; mining sites; factories;....in rural areas) • Economic: global “trade” resulting in: “competition” depressing local production; spreading diseases (trade rules);... • Health and Nutrition: regulations impacting of honey and bee-products markets (Consumer protection rules & procedures) • “Development Organizations bias to ” favor “higher-tech” (imported) bee-keeping technology/species/procedures rather then improve local technology levels (from “honey-hunting” to farming (imported) Apis melifera) • Consumer (food) preferences (bee-products + +++) (“natural” products) • ..........

  7. from « gathering »honey to farming bees: Developing Countries • a multitude of different bee species • varying levels of domestication • # bee products & services • contribution to livelihoods, income, jobs • impacts of bee keeping on sectors: farming, forestry, horticulture, • small scale enterprise development with low capital/ technology entry needs

  8. need for more inter-sectorial communication and policy support • enhance communication and awareness among key sectors involved/impacting on honey-hunting/bee-keeping (Web, workshops, publications, Trade fairs,….) • Policy formulation and regulatory frameworks in various sectors to incorporate Honey-hunting /Bee-keeping issues (Agriculture; Forestry; Nutrition & Health; Education; …. • Institutional support; capacity building and training (NGO’s, Donors, Intern Agencies,..)

  9. NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS 19 Bees and their role in forest livelihoods A guide to the services provided by bees and the sustainable harvesting, processing and marketing of their products byNicola Bradbear Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsRome, 2009 http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/i0842e/i0842e00.htm MANY THANKS