The Modern Olympics A brief History TJ Klockenga ETE 100 01 15 February 2010
Early Olympic Games • First Olympics took place in 776 BCE • Took place at Olympia • Took place during the summertime, every four years • One of several national festivals of ancient Greece • City-States would organize teams to challenge one another • Ancient Olympics ended in late fourth century CE • Theodosius I: ruling Roman emperor A drawing of what Olympia may have looked like. Olympia was the site of the ancient Olympic Games.
The Olympics make a Comeback! • 1896: First Modern Olympics held in Athens, Greece. • 300 athletes competed in 9 different sports. • Have been held every four years since (except for 1916, 1940, and 1944 because of World Wars I and II) Panathinaiko Stadium served as the Olympic Stadium for the first modern Games in 1896. It was built around 566 BCE and was restored in the 1870s CE.
How the Host City is Chosen: • Each applicant city applies to a nation’s Olympic committee to become the national applicant city (there may only be one applicant city per nation). • Candidate cities are given in-depth questionnaires by the International Olympic Committee (the IOC). In this stage, cities must promise they will agree to follow the terms of the Olympic Charter. • Candidate cities are then chosen by the IOC (usually there are 3-5 candidate cities) • Each candidate city then presents a plan to IOC members detailing what the Olympics would be like if they were to be held in their city. • The host city is then chosen by a vote. The vote occurs seven years before the date of that Olympics. The seat of the International Olympic Committee, which is located in Lausanne, Switzerland.
The Winter Olympics are Created… An advertisement for the 1924 winter Olympics. -1924: First winter Olympics held, in Chamonix, France. -1925: The IOC decides to hold a winter Olympics every four years. -Starting in 1994, the winter Olympicswereheld in between each summer Olympics (in 1994, the winter Olympics were held in Lillehammer, Norway). -The 2010 winter Olympics began on Friday, February 12, and will run until Sunday, February 28. The official logo of the 2010 winter Olympics.
Symbols of the Olympic Movement • Motto: Citius, Altius, Fortius(a Latin phrase, translating to: “Faster, Higher, Stronger”) • Creed: “The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well.”
The Olympic Flag • Each ring stands for one continent – Africa, Asia, Australia, the Americas, and Europe. • The colors were chosen because on any given continent, these colors are present on at least one nation’s flag.
Future Olympic Game Locations… • Summer, 2012: London, England • Winter, 2014: Sochi, Russia • Summer, 2016: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
A Tribute to a Fallen Athlete… • NodarKumaritashvili was tragically killed a crash along the luge course on Friday, February 12 – the day of the opening ceremonies in Vancouver, Canada. • He was the first athlete to die in the winter Olympics since 1968.
What happens after the Olympics? • Venues, like the Olympic Stadium, are often downsized and used as arenas for other national and international sporting events • Olympic villages are often converted to housing for civilians. Beijing Olympic Stadium
For More Information… Click on this picture of IOC president Dr. Jacques Rogge to be directed to the official site of the Olympic movement.
References Becker's bakery and deli. (n.d.). Retrieved February 8, 2010, from http:// www.beckersbakeryanddeli.com/images2/OlympicRings.jpg Geliosoft. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://geliosoft.com/3d-flag-screensavers/ olympic-flag-screensaver.jpg A global ethic now! (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.global-ethicnow.de/gen- eng/0a_was-ist-weltethos/0a-img/redner/jacques-rogge.jpg Mental Floss. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://mentalfloss.cachefly.net/wp-content/ uploads/2008/08/beijing_national_stadium2.jpg Olympic movement. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org/en/ contentOlympic-Games/Host-City/ Wikipedia: 1924 Olympics. (n.d.). Retrieved February 9, 2010, from http:// upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/d0/1924w.jpg Wikipedia: 2010 winter Olympics. (n.d.). Retrieved February 10, 2010, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/1c/ Vancouver_2010_logo.sv