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  1. Journal time

  2. Journal time Check # 11-16 and fill the pages with notes record your homework

  3. Classmate Introductions

  4. “What If…” week What if there was equality for everyone?

  5. Is it even possible?Should it be possible?

  6. According to Atticus Finch… “There is [only] one [place] in this country in which all men are created equal… [where] a pauper [is] the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein, and the ignorant man the equal of any college president.

  7. “That institution…is a [courtroom].”

  8. My quote “There is [only] one [place] in this country in which all men are created equal… [where] a pauper [is] the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein, and the ignorant man the equal of any college president. That institution… is a [courtroom].”

  9. Original from To Kill a Mockingbird only Place “There is one wayin this country in which all men are created equal, there is one human institution that makes a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein, and the ignorant man the equal of any college president. That institution, gentlemen, is a court.” is

  10. Next week… YOU TOO can change the text to meet your needs! • Ellipses … = deleting part of the quote • Brackets [ ] = changing part of the quote BUT… you Can’t change the meaning!

  11. PULL OUT everything for Unit 1!

  12. Ellipses … deleting part of the quote

  13. Equally impressive is Koko, the 300-pound gorilla at the Gorilla Foundation in Northern California, who was taught sign language and has mastered more than 1,000 signs and understands several thousand English words. On human IQ tests, she scores between 70 and 95.

  14. Equally impressive is Koko, the 300-pound gorilla at the Gorilla Foundation in Northern California, who was taught sign language and has mastered more than 1,000 signs and understands several thousand English words. On human IQ tests, she scores between 70 and 95.

  15. Equally impressive is Koko, the 300-pound gorilla at the Gorilla Foundation in Northern California, who was taught sign language and has mastered more than 1,000 signs and understands several thousand English words. On human IQ tests, she scores between 70 and 95.

  16. In his article, “A Change of Heart About Animals”, Jeremy Rifkin asserts that Koko the gorilla “was taught sign language… and understands several thousand English words”

  17. Ellipses … = deleting part of the quote • Brackets [ ] = changing part of the quote

  18. Equally impressive is Koko, the 300-pound gorilla at the Gorilla Foundation in Northern California, who was taught sign language and has mastered more than 1,000 signs and understands several thousand English words. On human IQ tests, she scores between 70 and 95.

  19. By focusing on the fact that Koko has “mastered more than 1,000 [human sign language] signs,” Jeremy Rifkin is asserting that gorillas are just as intelligent as a human being and should be treated more humanely. (Template Paraphrase #4)

  20. So… let’s get back to it!!! In his article, “A Change of Heart About Animals”, Jeremy Rifkin asserts that Koko the gorilla “was taught sign language… and understands several thousand English words” By focusing onKoko the gorilla , Jeremy Rifkin “ is stating that animals can be taught sign language and can learn the English language Jeremy Rifkin brings up an important point about how we need to treat animals more humanely when he talks about Koko the gorilla and how she can communicate with humans at the same level as a small child since she has the IQ equal to a kid. In Jeremy Rifkin ‘s view orangutans have “a sense of individualism” because they have a “sense of self”. Evidence of this can be found in Chantek at the Atlanta Zoo who “groom[s] his teeth”. The essence of the story of the orangutans shows us that., Jeremy Rifkin “ is that animals have a sense of who they are that is far beyond what we originally thought

  21. And before leisure reading, MARK whether your choices are “Ethos” “Pathos” or “Logos”… In his article, “A Change of Heart About Animals”, Jeremy Rifkin asserts that Koko the gorilla “was taught sign language… and understands several thousand English words” By focusing onKoko the gorilla , Jeremy Rifkin “ is stating that animals can be taught sign language and can learn the English language Jeremy Rifkin brings up an important point about how we need to treat animals more humanely when he talks about Koko the gorilla and how she can communicate with humans at the same level as a small child since she has the IQ equal to a kid. Logos/Ethos LogosEthos Pathos Ethos/ Logos In Jeremy Rifkin ‘s view orangutans have “a sense of individualism” because they have a “sense of self”. Evidence of this can be found in Chantek at the Atlanta Zoo who “groom[s] his teeth”. The essence of the story of the orangutans shows us that., Jeremy Rifkin “ is that animals have a sense of who they are that is far beyond what we originally thought

  22. Leisure read!!!

  23. Share Simple “Animals”

  24. 1) Introduce topic / argument / and three overlying reasons2) First reason3) Second reason4) Third reason5) Conclusion

  25. Introduction

  26. Thesis (argument) Three reasons to support

  27. Introduction First reason - emotions

  28. Introduction First reason - emotions Second reason - brains

  29. Introduction First reason - emotions Second reason - brains Third reason – they act like us (behavioral)

  30. Introduction First reason - emotions Second reason - brains Third reason – they act like us (behavioral) Conclusion

  31. It’s like a mini-essay!

  32. It’s like a mini-essay!We need to look at it ONE MORE TIME!!! How does he use PERSUASION?

  33. Ethos – do you believe him?

  34. Logos… does he make sense? • You should have divided the article logically into sections • Intro • Three overlying sections • Emotional states • Mental states • Behavioral states • Conclusion

  35. “logos”… the meat Of the argument The 300 pound gorilla, Koko, knows “sign language” and understands “several thousand English Words” 10 – I saw her talking to Betty White on the video! Logos , statistics, factual example

  36. Facts - yes! • Experts - Yes! • Statistics - Yes! • Stories -Yes! • Common beliefs - Yes! • Opinions -Yes!

  37. Pathos-LOTS of EMOTIONALLY CHARGED WORDS! Profound = “Deeply moving”

  38. “Reading Against the Grain”… Before we end though… we MUST question the text!

  39. So…first, let’s take another look at the pathos used…

  40. In the margins, change your 5 emotion-based words to plain language Profound = important

  41. In the margins, change your 5 emotion-based words to plain language Profound = kind of important

  42. A lot of this is “logos”… the meat Of the argument In his article, “A Change of Heart About Animals”, Jeremy Rifkin asserts that Koko the gorilla “was taught sign language… and understands several thousand English words” By focusing onKoko the gorilla , Jeremy Rifkin “ is stating that animals can be taught sign language and can learn the English language Jeremy Rifkin brings up an important point about how we need to treat animals more humanely when he talks about Koko the gorilla and how she can communicate with humans at the same level as a small child since she has the IQ equal to a kid. In Jeremy Rifkin ‘s view orangutans have “a sense of individualism” because they have a “sense of self”. Evidence of this can be found in Chantek at the Atlanta Zoo who “groom[s] his teeth”. The essence of the story of the orangutans shows us that., Jeremy Rifkin “ is that animals have a sense of who they are that is far beyond what we originally thought

  43. Alot

  44. Alot of the missiles hit there target.

  45. A lot of the missiles hit their target.

  46. The missile hit it’s target.

  47. it’s its The missile hit its target. The missile hit it’s target.

  48. A lot of this is “logos”… it’s the meat Of the argument In his article, “A Change of Heart About Animals”, Jeremy Rifkin asserts that Koko the gorilla “was taught sign language… and understands several thousand English words” By focusing onKoko the gorilla , Jeremy Rifkin “ is stating that animals can be taught sign language and can learn the English language Jeremy Rifkin brings up an important point about how we need to treat animals more humanely when he talks about Koko the gorilla and how she can communicate with humans at the same level as a small child since she has the IQ equal to a kid. Logos Logos Pathos/ Logos Ethos/ Logos In Jeremy Rifkin ‘s view orangutans have “a sense of individualism” because they have a “sense of self”. Evidence of this can be found in Chantek at the Atlanta Zoo who “groom[s] his teeth”. The essence of the story of the orangutans shows us that., Jeremy Rifkin “ is that animals have a sense of who they are that is far beyond what we originally thought

  49. Back to Rifkin’s article… Let’s Look at it differently Logos , statistics, factual example The 300 pound gorilla, Koko, knows “sign language” and understands “several thousand English Words” 10 – I saw her talking to Betty White on the video! Pigs “crave attention” and Germany is encouraging farmers to give “20 seconds of human contact each day” to their animals. Scientists were “stunned” when they learned that crow could make tools with their beaks. An orangutan “used a mirror to groom his teeth” Mama geese have to tech their babies their “migration routes” – “parent to offspring” learning is passed on “far more often than not”

  50. Elephants standing over “dead kin” Rats – brains release “dopamine” just like humans Evolution? When did feelings start? Germany – Animal Rights In Constitution! The 300 pound gorilla, Koko, knows “sign language” and understands “several thousand English Words” Logos , statistics, factual example 10 – I saw her talking to Betty White on the video! Pathos , statistics, anecdotal experience Pigs “crave attention” and Germany is encouraging farmers to give “20 seconds of human contact each day” to their animals. 3- 20 seconds… really? And McDonalds?? Pathos ethos, author opinion Scientists were “stunned” when they learned that crow could make tools with their beaks. 8- I wonder why only 9 of 10 times, why not EVERY time? logos pathos, anecdote 1- Lame reason! A parrot will groom itself in the mirror too! An orangutan “used a mirror to groom his teeth” Mama geese have to teach their babies their “migration routes” – “parent to offspring” learning is passed on “far more often than not” 7- I believe animals care for their kids. Instinct though? Pathos, factual example