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Unit V: Cultural Influences. NURS 2210 Roles II Nancy Pares, RN, MSN. Discuss cultural concepts of nursing care. Cultural diversity Skin color, religion, geography Confront self deception, bias and acknowledge one’s own cultural influences Cultural competent care

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unit v cultural influences

Unit V: Cultural Influences

NURS 2210 Roles II

Nancy Pares, RN, MSN

discuss cultural concepts of nursing care
Discuss cultural concepts of nursing care
  • Cultural diversity
    • Skin color, religion, geography
    • Confront self deception, bias and acknowledge one’s own cultural influences
  • Cultural competent care
    • Effective individualized care that demonstrates respect, personal rights, preferences, beliefs and practices of the client
    • Dynamic process the requires sensitivity and cultural specific care
ethnic culture
Ethnic culture
  • Learned from birth thru language
  • Shared by members of the same cultural group
  • Influenced by conditions related to environmental and technical factors and availability of resources
  • Dynamic and ever changing
kittler four step process to cultural sensitivity
Kittler: Four step process to cultural sensitivity
  • Become aware of your own heritage
  • Become aware of client culture as described by the client
  • Know of adaptations client made to live in N. America
  • Form a culturally congruent care plan
healthcare influenced by elements of social structure
Healthcare influenced by elements of social structure
  • Technology
  • Religion
  • Philosophy
  • Social
  • Culture
  • Political
  • education
transcultural nursing
Transcultural Nursing
  • Madeline Leininger
    • Sunrise model
      • Stresses the importance of providing culturally congruent care
        • Ex: bringing culturally appropriate foods in hospital
      • Culture care accommodation
        • Professional actions to satisfy healthy outcomes
          • Ex: negotiating with client to see curanderoand MD
      • Culture care restructuring
        • Professional activities to help clients change behaviors toward healthier life patterns
          • Ex: if client refuses traditional Western medicine—use massage, music, etc…..then negotiate for meds if required.
slide7

Aculturation

  • Cultural blindness
  • Cultural imposition
  • Cultural taboos
  • ethnocentrism
culturally mediated characteristics
Culturally mediated characteristics
  • Space and distance
  • communication
  • Time
  • Social organization
  • Environmental control
  • Biological variations
family
Family
  • Nuclear
  • Extended
  • Attenuated
  • Incipient
  • Blended
health habits of major ethnic groups in the us
Health habits of major ethnic groups in the US
  • Folk medicine
  • Biologic effects
  • Food preferences
know your client
Know your client..
  • Cultural Assessment
    • Systematic appraisal of beliefs, values and practices
      • Cultural considerations: (see Osborne special features section –back of text)
nursing diagnosis
Nursing Diagnosis

Culturally inappropriate/biases

  • Noncompliance
  • Impaired verbal communication
  • Impaired social interaction
  • Deficient knowledge
  • Disturbed thought processes
  • Powerlessness
planning and outcome identification
Planning and outcome identification
  • Nurses need to know
    • Cultural group perspectives on life processes
    • How the culture defines health
    • How the culture maintains health
    • Use of healers
    • Own influence
implementation evaluation
Implementation/Evaluation
  • Self awareness
  • Non judgmental approach
  • Client education
  • Nurse must view client as part of health team