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Islam’s Art, Medicine, Science & Technology. Diana Calderon Period 8. Islam’s Art. Islam (Muslim) World. a rt included: pottery textiles rugs ceramics carved wood involved geometric figures and patterns designs created the impression of unending repetition

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islam s art
Islam’s Art

Islam (Muslim) World

  • art included:
    • pottery
    • textiles
    • rugs
    • ceramics
    • carved wood
  • involved geometric figures and patterns
  • designs created the impression of unending repetition
    • represent infinite nature of God
  • had taken variety of forms in different part of the Islam world
    • Spain, North Africa, India & the Middle East
  • forms they used included:
    • Muqarnas
    • Girih Tiles
    • Calligraphy
    • Arabesque (2 modes)
      • 1st mode recalls the principles that govern the order of the world
      • 2nd mode recalls the feminine nature of life giving
islam s art1
MuqarnasIslam’s Art

Patterns

Calligraphy

Girih Tile

Arabesque

islam s medicine
Islam’s Medicine
  • more advance than other regions during this time period
  • medicine showed variation & diversity
    • involved different regions and cultures
  • surrounding regions benefited from the discoveries
  • discovering:
    • new illnesses
    • ways to cure some illnesses
    • new medicines (involving plants/herbs)
    • new medical procedures
some important figures to influence the medicine in islam
Some Important Figures toInfluence the Medicine in Islam
  • Al-Razi
    • surgeon
    • wrote the largest medical encyclopedia
    • explained the nature of several diseases
    • found a treatment for kidney stones
    • famous for his study of chicken pox & small pox
    • first to use opium for anesthesia
    • developed many surgical tools
  • IbnSina
    • recognize the contagious nature of tuberculosis
    • wrote the al-Qanun
      • an encyclopedia that identifies 760 different drugs
some important figures to influence the medicine in islam1
Some Important Figures toInfluence the Medicine in Islam
  • Al-Zahravi
    • the father of surgery
    • wrote a medical encyclopedia
    • developed many surgical tools
    • performed delicate operations
  • IbnNafis
    • discovered the pulmonary circulation system
islam s science
Islam’s Science
  • chemistry & medicine was exceeding during 900 through 1200 CE
  • contributes to technology, medicine & astrology
  • also contributes to mathematic concepts
    • algebra
    • trigonometry
some important figures to influence the science of islam
Some Important Figures toInfluence the Science of Islam
  • al-Battani (858 - 929 AD)
    • astronomer, mathematician & scientist
    • accurate count of the solar year
      • 365 days, 5 hours, 46 minutes and 24 seconds
    • wrote books on astronomy & trigonometry
    • al-Buzjani
      • contributed to mathematics
      • constructed equations to find solutions
      • contributed to development of trigonometry
      • introduced the secant and cosecant
      • observed the movement of the moon
    • al-Biruni (973 - 1048 AD)
    • known for his study on astronomy & science
    • skilled physician
    • determined latitudes & longitudes
    • investigated gravity
islam s technology
Islam’s Technology
  • rise occurred around the same time medicine was expanding in Spain
  • contributed to other creations
    • influenced creation of clocks (created by the Chinese)
  • created new tools
    • surgical tool
    • astrolabe
      • tool used to tell time as well as the length of the day
      • new techniques to use for crafts for metalworking, weaving and building
      • created watermills & windmills
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