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  1. ANCIENT GREEK MEDICINE Jonathon Erlen, Ph.D.

  2. We cannot really talk about medical "science" in these 2 civilizations, as their approach to ill healthand medicine wasreligious rather than scientific as we use this term today.

  3. We must, however, be very careful not to overstate the views and contributions of ancient Greek medicine. Their anatomical and physiological opinions did not directly lead to modern Western medicine.

  4. In fact, much of the Greek medical legacy would actually hinder the evolution of medical science in the Western world.

  5. Ancient Greek society was built around the polis , or city-state, such as Athens and Sparta. The polis was roughly the size of one of our current counties and contained one major city or town.

  6. HOMER

  7. His 2 epic works were the Illiad and the Odyssey

  8. Homer continued the Mesopotamian and Egyptian theory of disease causation by blaming diseases on divine intervention by the gods.

  9. The first recorded natural philosopher of Miletus was Thales, whom we can say flourished in 580 B.C. Thales was a wealthy man who had made a fortune selling olive presses and then retired.

  10. THALES

  11. In retirement this philosopher speculated about the nature of "being", in other words what was Physis [pronounced foosis] or the nature of nature. What caused or was necessary for life?

  12. Thales postulated that all life came from hudor, which is Greek for water

  13. Thales' idea was ridiculed by following philosophers over the next century who came up with their own definitions of physis, of being.Fire Fire Air Earth

  14. Empedocles

  15. EMPEDOCLES’4ELEMENTS WATER EARTH FIRE AIR

  16. PLATO

  17. In one of his books, Timaeus, Plato discusses the basis of good health and the cause of diseases, saying they both depended on the appropriate balance of the 4 elements, proper nutrition, and proper respiration.

  18. PLATO

  19. Plato did break with Empedocles' teachings concerning the site of intelligence in the body. While Empedocles had place this location in the heart, Plato claimed that intelligence was located in the brain. Plato also credited the blood with providing nutrition throughout the body.

  20. PLATO

  21. Plato had no first hand medical experience and never dissected animals-he based his medical theories on his studies of the writings of earlier medical authorities and natural philosophers, the works of contemporary medical authors, and tied these views together with his own physical theory of the universe, thus creating a systematic and detailed medical theory for his time.

  22. ARISTOTLE

  23. ARISTOTLE

  24. ALEXANDER THE GREAT

  25. ARISTOTLE

  26. ARISTOTLE

  27. TELEOLOGY Nature with a Purpose

  28. ARISTOTLE

  29. ARISTOTLE

  30. HIPPOCRATES OF COS

  31. HIPPOCRATES OF COS

  32. HIPPOCRATES OF COS

  33. HIPPOCRATES OF COS

  34. SOCRATES

  35. ASCELPIADS They were iatros, Greek physicians, who were members of the guild dedicated to Asclepios, the healing god of ancient Greece.