ISLAM VS CHRISTIANITY Dr. Jobe Martin www.biblicaldiscipleship.org www.evolutionofacreationist.com www.creationproclaims.com
A BIT OF HISTORY OF ISLAM • Muhammed [M] was born in Saudi Arabia in 570 A.D. • M’s father died before he was born. • M’s mother died when he was 6 years old. • M’s grandfather died when M was 8 years old. • M’s uncle, Abu Talib, a businessman, took custody of Muhammed when he was 10. • M’s first employment was to protect the Ka’aba along side his other tribesmen.
The Ka’aba is a large black stone in Mecca, Saudia Arabia. It is today considered to be a holy shrine. • In M’s day it was believed to house pagan idols. • Ultimately Muhammed became a prominent businessman involved in international trade. • M got his start in Mecca. • In 595 A.D. during a business trip to Syria, M met Khadijah, a well-to-do widow 15 years his elder and he married her.
Khadijah was Muhammed’s first convert to Islam. • It is believed that he and Khadijah had a monogamous marriage until she died. • After Khadijah’s death M took 11 women as either wives or concubines. • M married his last wife at age 50—but she was only a child of age 6.
In 610 A.D. (M was 40 yrs old) M had a vision. He believed that the angel Gabriel came and gave him instructions which are recorded in Surah 96:1-5 of the Qu’ran. • M claimed that he was told by Gabriel that he was a prophet, that the world had abandoned true worship, and that he was to bring the final message to the world.
The Message: • 1. All religions on earth were corrupt; • 2. M was to proclaim the worship of the one true God, named Allah; • 3. M was to receive the true words of Allah, record them, and bring people back to the “straight path.”
The Hadith of Bukheri records that “Khadijah convinced Muhammed that this was a message from Allah, and not a demonic oppression. • Eventually this day of Gabriel’s visitation would become marked by Ramadan, the most sacred month of Islam. • (See: The Popular Encyclopedia of Apologetics, ed. Ed Hindson and Ergun Caner, (Eugene, Oregon: Harvest House Pubs., 2008), pp. 278-281.
In its early days Islam grew slowly since M was illiterate and had to use others to record his communications with “Allah”. • The Hadith is a collection of writings that record details of M’s life and teachings.
The first years of Islam were spent in Mecca. • At one point M claimed to have been taken on a night trip into heaven. Here he was introduced to “all the prophets of Islam”. • Moses and Jesus were included as prophets of Islam. • While “in heaven” M was taught the details of daily prayers and the basics of Islamic faith.
THE FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM: • The Creed (kalima) must be recited by the convert, There is no God but Allah, and Muhammed is his final prophet. • Prayers (salat) must be offered five times a day in strictly prescribed fashion while facing Mecca. • Alms (zakat) equivalent to 1/40th of one’s income must be given to the cause of Islam. • Regular fasting (sawn) must take place, especially during the month of Ramadan. • A pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) must be made during the life of every Muslim.
ISLAM IS A TOTAL WORLDVIEW • Islam means “surrender” or “submission”. • Islam does not mean “peace” as the politicians so dearly want us to believe. • Islam directs every aspect of a person’s life: your beliefs, diet, clothing, music, behavior at home and in public, work, politics, etc. which means that Islam and democracy are not able in any way to co-exist.
Islam demands total submission of unbelievers (unbelievers are called: the kafir). • Kafir must pay a confiscatory tax (jizyat), they are not allowed to hold a public office, they are not allowed to marry Muslim women, but must allow Muslim men to marry their daughters, existing churches are not allowed buy land or add to buildings and can be destroyed at the slightest complaint of a Muslim, cannot ring bells, are not allowed to evangelize Muslims, Christians must allow family members to convert to Islam, etc..
Islam has several “sects” • Shi’a: followers of M’s son-in-law Ali since M had no living sons his blood line would be passed down through his daughters. • Sunni: followers of M’s best friend, Abu Bakr. • Sufi: a hinduistic (New Agey) small sect of Islam. • Alawite: mostly in Syria. • Wahabi: Mostly Saudi Arabia
Saddam Husein: Sunni • Iran (Persia) Shi’a. • Islam repudiates and renounces all other gods including the God of Christianity and Judaism. • The Qu’ran teaches that the 5th and 6th levels of hell are reserved for Christians and Jews who reject Islam.
Islam insists that “Allah” is the one true God. • Allah is transcendent (not personal). • Allah is completely separate from everything else. • The Bible is corrupt. This corruption led to the belief that Jesus was the only begotten Son of God. This is called “shirk” (blasphemy) in the Qu’ran, Sura 5:72.
THE QUR’AN HAS TWO BASIC PARTS: • Part of the Qur’an was written in Mecca early in Muhammad’s life and before he had his army. • The Mecca portion of the Qur’an speaks of peace and unity of peoples. • The second part of the Qur’an was written later in Muhammad’s life in Medina after he had established his brutal army. This part teaches that anyone who does not convert to Islam is an infidel and must be destroyed. This is Jihad.
What are some Biblical differences between Islam and Christianity, between the Qur’an and the Bible?
Genesis 1:31 31And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
Then came sin and The Curse 14And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: 15And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. Genesis 3:14-15
The seed (Jesus) of the woman (Eve) will one day crush the head of the serpent (Satan), but the seed (Jesus) of the woman will only have a temporary wound at the hand of Satan [crucifixion, but then, RESURRECTION!] • 15And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it [the seed of the woman] shall bruise thy [Satan’s] head, and thou [Satan] shalt bruise his [Messiah’s] heel. Genesis 3:15
Jesus is the true genetic “seed” of the woman.
Galatians 4:4-7 4But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. 6And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. 7Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.
Hebrews 2:14-18 14Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he [Jesus] also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; 15And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. 16For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham.
Hebrews 2:14-18 continues: • 17Wherefore in all things it behoved him [Jesus] to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. 18For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.
Jesus: the promised seed of Abraham[Selected verses from Luke’s genealogy of Jesus] • Luke 3:23: “23And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son[-in-law] of Heli,… • Luke 3:34: “34Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, [not Ishmael] which was the son of Abraham,… • Luke 3:38: “38Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.”
Isaiah 59:20 20And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD.
Isaiah 7:14 14Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Luke 1:30-35 30And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. 31And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. [Jesus is born of a virgin as foretold by Isaiah]
Jesus was VIRGIN-BORN. 14Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel (Isaiah 7:14). [to see other uses of “almah”=“virgin” see below] 16And the damsel was very fair to look upon, a virgin, neither had any man known her…(Gen.24:16. 43Behold, I stand by the well of water; and it shall come to pass, that when the virgin cometh forth to draw water, …(Genesis 24:43)
Luke 1:30-35 32He [Jesus] shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 33And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end. 34Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man (virgin)? 35And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Matthew 1:20-23 20But while he [Joseph] thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. 21And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
Matthew 1:20-23 22Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, 23Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. Jesus is Emmanuel Who is God with us! Jesus is God the Son!
Matthew 1:6, 16: Genealogy of Joseph, Mary’s husband 6And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias;… 16And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. Jesus inherited the royal rights to the throne of David through His legal [not biological] father, Joseph, who was a direct descendent of King David through his son, Solomon.
Luke 3:23, 31, 38: Genealogy of Mary 23And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son [-in-law] of Heli, 31Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David, 38Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.
Jesus: the legal and royal heirto the throne of King David • Jesus inherited the legal rights to the throne of David through his biological mother, Mary, who was a descendent of David’s son, Nathan. • Nathan was the royal heir to David’s throne by birth order—Nathan was Solomon’s older brother. Solomon’s blood line had been refused David’s throne because of the sin of Jeconiah (see: Jeremiah 22:24-30; 33:14-17)
Adam-Noah-Abraham-Isaac-Jacob- King David Nathan Solomon Mary Joseph King Jesus Christ Legal and Royal rights to the throne! Older son Younger son
The “seed of the woman”, Eve, would one day crush the head of the serpent, Satan. • The “seed of the woman”, Mary, is Jesus, her virgin- born first child (Emmanuel: “God with us”). • Jesus fulfilled the prophecies that said the Messiah would inherit the throne of King David: Jesus was the legal and royal heir to David’s throne. • Jesus is the last of the Davidic line=he never marr- ied and had no children. He is the end of the line! • The Lord Jesus Christ is the promised Messiah!!!! • Jesus is GOD THE SON, GOD WITH US!!!!
Islam claims that Jesus was the son of Mary and that He was a prophet, but not God the Son and not the crucified and resurrected Son of the God of the Bible.
Islam’s Qur’an, Yahya Bin Shamoon • “[Muhammed] firmly believed that he was the prophet of Allah and Jesus was not the Son of God and that the Quran was the revealed Word of God” (see: Suras [chapters] 3:59, 5:72, 110-119, and 10:95, 96). • Muhammed was familiar with the message of the Bible.
Sheik Ibrahim Mudeiris (May 13, 2005) • "We have ruled the world before, and by Allah, the day will come when we will rule the entire world again. The day will come when we will rule America. The day will come when we will rule Britain and the entire world - except for the Jews. The Jews will not enjoy a life of tranquility under our rule... the day will come when everything will be relieved of the Jews... listen to the prophet Mohammad, who tells you about the evil end that awaits the Jews: 'The stones and trees will want the Muslims to finish off every Jew.'"
What is the Islamic motivation?There are three motivations for the Arab desire to annihilate the Jews and retake both Israel and Jerusalem.
1) A portion of the Koran states that once a land has been conquered for Allah, it must remain an Islamic land. The Arabs conquered the land and city in the Middle Ages when they drove the Crusaders out. They now feel compelled by the Koran to reconquer it.
2) The re-establishment of the state of Israel is viewed by Muslim clerics as a judgment of God upon the Arab peoples for their lack of faithfulness to Islam. They must redeem themselves from this judgment by returning to the fundamentals of Islam and then, having been spiritually revived, Allah will empower them to regain both the land and the city.
3) Arabs believe that their control of Jerusalem and its Temple Mount will certify their superiority over both Judaism and Christianity.This kind of thinking cannot be reasoned with, it cannot be appeased, it cannot be bargained with. Such hatred is evil and Satanically motivated in origin.
Will the Muslims finally act on their hatred? Yes. Ezekiel 38 & 39 prophecys that Russia and the Islamic nations will ally and mount a titanic offensive against Israel. At a population ratio of 662 to 1, Israel has no chance. But, God will personally intervene so the nations will know that He is the LORD (39:7). The slaughter of the Russian/Islamic army will be so complete that it will take Israel 7 months to bury the dead (39:12), and the equipment and fuel left will supply Israel’s fuel needs for 7 years (39:9).
Ezekiel 38-39 • Islam will experience a defeat so overwhelming and so humiliating that the eyes of millions of Muslims will be opened to the fact that Allah is a false god. At that point their hearts will be opened to the true God - a God of loving kindness who came to this earth and died for the sins of Mankind. • He is the Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ
How should we pray?1) Let us pray for our leaders, that they will be able to discern the spiritual nature of the war we are engaged in.2) Let us pray for the leaders of Israel, that they will turn to God for their protection and stop seeking it through America and through trying to appease an enemy whose goal is to annihilate them.3) Let us pray for the Islamic world, that Muslims everywhere will have their hearts opened to the Gospel.4) And let us daily cry out from the depths of our hearts, "Maranatha!" Come quickly, Lord Jesus!
Ergun Caner, President of Liberty Theological Seminary and former Muslim says: • Islam is best understood as a form of Medieval Mormonism. • Joseph Smith and Muhammed assumed the classic stance of a cult. • Both were going to replace and correct Christianity. • Both took the people of the Bible, changed the stories of the Bible, omitted what they did not like and replaced the rest.
Both Islam and Mormonism change significantly the teachings of the Bible. • Both claim that Jesus was a prophet, but not God. • Both place their prophet as the final prophet. • Both deny the vicarious atonement of Jesus Christ. • Both deny salvation is by grace through faith and not of works (Ephesians 2:8-10). • Both assess a 2nd class status to women, both temporarily through polygamy and eternally as sexual servants (celestial brides in Mormonism and perpetual servant virgins in Islam.
Both teach a different Jesus than the Lord Jesus Christ of the Bible. • The Qu’ran presents a Jesus (Isa) who declares his humanity in the cradle (Surah 5), denies his own divinity (Surah 19), and prophesies the coming of Muhammed (Surah 61).