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Energy Frontier Research Centers: Update Dr. Altaf H. Carim Office of Basic Energy Sciences Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) Meeting July 9, 2009 Bethesda, MD. Context.

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Energy Frontier Research Centers:


Dr. Altaf H. Carim

Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Office of Science

U.S. Department of Energy

Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) Meeting

July 9, 2009 Bethesda, MD


  • EFRCs interlock scientifically with existing BES programs; they are neither completely separate and disconnected, nor overlapping and duplicative

  • EFRCs will operate differently than, and expectations are different compared to, single-investigator grants, small-group awards, facilities operation, etc.BES has had a few examples of funded programs on a similar scale, but no prior portfolio of this magnitude.

  • Interdisciplinarity, size, number, visibility

Some motivations for theEFRC management structure:

The basic energy sciences efrc management team
The Basic Energy Sciences EFRC management team

Altaf H. (Tof) Carim

Team lead

(Scientific UserFacilities Division)



Mark Pederson

Michael Casassa

(Chemical Sciences, Geosciences,& Biosciences Division)

(Materials Sciences & Engineering Division)

Groups of EFRCs and their primary BES points of contact

  • Groupings are based in part on topical relationships, but also involve a variety of practical and administrative considerations

  • Some activities, such as periodic Directors’ meetings, will involve all EFRCs, while others may be organized by groups or subsets thereof.

Red (Vetrano)

Orange (Casassa)

Yellow (Galvin)

Blue (Pederson)

R. Blankenship - Washington U.

M. Wasielewski - Northwestern

D. Gust - ASU

T. Meyer - UNCChapel Hill

R. Sayre, Danforth Plant Science Center

M. McCann - Purdue

D. Cosgrove - PSU

C. Law - Princeton

B. Gunnoe - U. Va.

M. Bullock - PNNL

D. Vlachos - Delaware

J. Spivey - La. State

C. Marshall - ANL

N. Armstrong - Arizona

H. Atwater - Cal Tech

M. Baldo - MIT

P. Barbara - Texas

J. Bowers - UCSB

G. Chen - MIT

D. Dapkus - USC

B. Grzybowski - Northwestern

V. Klimov - LANL

J. Yardley - Columbia

H. Abruña - Cornell

P. Burns - Notre Dame

C. Grey - Stony Brook

H.-K. Mao - CIW

M. Nastasi - LANL

F. Prinz - Stanford

K. Reifsnider - South Carolina

G. Rubloff - Maryland

G. Soloveichik - GE

M. Stocks - ORNL

M. Thackeray - ANL

D. Wolf - INL

P. Green - Michigan

A. Zunger - NREL

D. Morelli - MI State

T. Russell - U. Mass.

J. Simmons - SNL

S. Davis - BNL

V. Ozolins - UCLA

G. Pope - UT Austin

B. Smit - UC Berkeley

D. DePaolo - LBNL

D. Wesolowski - ORNL

Energy Storage

Michael Thackeray, ANL

Center for Electrical Energy Storage: Tailored Interfaces

Grigorii Soloveichik, General Electric Global Research

Center for Electrocatalysis, Transport Phenomena,and Materials (CETM) for Innovative Energy Storage

Héctor Abruña, Cornell Univ.

Nanostructured Interfaces for Energy Generation,Conversion, and Storage

Clare P. Grey, Stony Brook Univ.

Northeastern Chemical Energy Storage Center

Gary Rubloff, Univ. of Maryland

Science of Precision Multifunctional Nanostructures for Electrical Energy Storage

Ken Reifsnider, Univ. of South Carolina

Science Based Nano-Structure Design and Synthesis of Heterogeneous Functional Materials for Energy Systems

Advanced Energy Materials

Dieter Wolf, Idaho National Lab

Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuel

Peter Burns, Univ. of Notre Dame

Materials Science of Actinides

Malcolm Stocks, ORNL

Energy Frontier Center for Defect Physics in Structural Materials

Michael Nastasi, LANL

Extreme Environment-Tolerant Materials via Atomic Scale Design of Interfaces

David Mao, Carnegie Institute of Washington

Center for Energy Frontier Research inExtreme Environments (EFree)

Fritz Prinz, Stanford Univ.

Center on Nanostructuring for Efficient Energy Conversion

Solar Fuel Production

Robert Blankenship, Washington University in St. Louis

Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

Michael Wasielewski, Northwestern University

Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center

Devens Gust, Arizona State University

Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

Tom Meyer, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Solar Fuels and Next Generation Photovoltaics

Biofuels and Combustion

Richard Sayre, Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

Center for Advanced Biofuels Systems

Maureen McCann, Purdue University

Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels

Daniel Cosgrove, Pennsylvania State University

Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation

Chung Law, Princeton University

Combustion Science

Catalysis for New Fuels

Brent Gunnoe, University of Virginia

Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization

Morris Bullock, PNNL

Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis

Dion Vlachos, University of Delaware

Catalysis Energy Center

Jerry Spivey, Louisiana State University

Center for Atomic-Level Catalyst Design

Chris Marshall, ANL

Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations

Materials Design: Light & Energy Conversion

Daniel Dapkus, University of Southern California

Emerging Materials for Solar EnergyConversion and Solid State Lighting

John Bowers, U.C. at Santa Barbara

Center on Materials for Energy Efficiency Applications

Gang Chen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Solid-State Solar-ThermalEnergy Conversion Center (S3TEC Center)

Harry Atwater, California Institute of Technology

Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion

James Yardley, Columbia University

Re-Defining Photovoltaic EfficiencyThrough Molecule-Scale Control

Bartosz Grzybowski, Northwestern University

Center for Integrated Training in Far-From-Equilibriumand Adaptive Materials (CITFAM)

Materials Design:Interfaces and Physics

Neal R. Armstrong, University of Arizona

Center for Interface Science:Hybrid Solar-Electric Materials

Paul Barbara, University of Texas, Austin

Understanding Charge Separation and Transferat Interfaces in Energy Materials and Devices (EFRC:CST)

Marc Baldo, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Center for Excitonics

Victor Klimov, Los Alamos National Laboratory

The Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics

Energy Harvesting, Conversion and Transport

Peter Green, Univ of Michigan

Solar Energy Conversion in Complex Materials

Alex Zunger, NREL

Center for Inverse Design

Donald Morelli, Michigan St. Univ.

Revolutionary Materials for Solid StateEnergy Conversion

Tom Russell, Univ. of Massachusetts

Polymer-Based Materials for Harvesting Solar Energy

Jerry Simmons, SNL

Solid State Lighting Science

Séamus Davis, BNL

Center for Emergent Superconductivity

Carbon Captureand Management

Vidvuds Ozolins, UCLA

Molecularly Assembled Material Architectures for Solar Energy Production, Storage, and Carbon Capture

Gary Pope, Univ. of Texas, Austin

Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security

Berend Smit, UC-Berkeley

Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy Technologies

Donald DePaolo, LBNL

Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2

David Wesolowski, ORNL

Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center







  • Initial Award Period

  • Periodic Directors’ Meeting(tied to alternate BESAC meetings)

  • Reverse Site Peer Reviews (Management/Operations focus)

  • On Site Peer Reviews(Science focus)

  • EFRCs Science Forum

  • Energy Frontiers Workshop

  • BES Topical Contractors Meetings(as appropriate)

EFRCs Management Timeline









Initial reverse site management/operations review – FY10 3rd/4th Quarter

Interim science and management review – FY12


Establish EFRC Web sites

Monthly management conference calls (by topical groups)

Periodic Directors’ meetingsInformal site visits by BESEFRCs Science Forum (FY11, 4th Quarter, w/BESAC)

Energy Frontiers workshop (FY13, tentatively 3rd Quarter)

BES Contractors’ meetings, by topic

First EFRC Directors’ MeetingJuly 8, 2009 – key messages

  • Primary objective:

    Share information and expectations regarding management and operations of the EFRCs, to contribute to their success

  • Components of this:

    • Familiarize EFRCs with BES management structure and expectations

    • Interaction of EFRC directors with each other & BES points of contact

    • Information gathering, documentation, and distribution

    • Timeline for meetings, reviews, and other activities

    • Discussion of reporting and change control needs

    • Address communications expectations and issues

    • Share information on complementary tools and opportunities

  • EFRC Directors must have the authority and responsibility to actively manage their own centers

  • The overall EFRC portfolio will be actively managed by BES