Archaeology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

melina
archaeology n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Archaeology PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Archaeology

play fullscreen
1 / 25
Download Presentation
Archaeology
1634 Views
Download Presentation

Archaeology

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Archaeology

  2. What is Archaeology? • One of 4 sub-fields Anthropology • Study of ancient cultures through material remains • Artifacts • Aims to explain origins & development of human culture • “Speak to the earth and it shall teach thee”

  3. Why is Archaeology Important? • “History is to society as memory is to the individual.” • Importance: • Provides a means to learn about our past • True for cultures with and without any written history • “History will be kind to me because I intend to write it” ~Winston Churchill

  4. Can You Determine Where the following artifacts come from?

  5. What is it?

  6. How Archaeologists Conduct Research • 1) Survey Site • 2) Excavation • Step 1: Remove top soil • Step 2: Site plan • Step 3: Study artifacts

  7. Dating Methods: Absolute vs. Relative

  8. Absolute Dating • Dendrochronology • Carbon 14 • Potassium-argon • Thermoluminescence

  9. Relative Dating: Determining the Order of Events • Law of Horizontality • Layers form horizontally • Law of Superposition • Oldest on bottom; Youngest on top • Law of Association • Objects in same layer = same age

  10. GarbologyWilliam Rathje

  11. Which Character Represents the Best Possible Way to Uncover the Past?

  12. The Ark of the Covenant