Archaeology. What is Archaeology?. One of 4 sub-fields Anthropology Study of ancient cultures through material remains Artifacts Aims to explain origins & development of human culture “Speak to the earth and it shall teach thee”. Why is Archaeology Important?.
What is Archaeology? • One of 4 sub-fields Anthropology • Study of ancient cultures through material remains • Artifacts • Aims to explain origins & development of human culture • “Speak to the earth and it shall teach thee”
Why is Archaeology Important? • “History is to society as memory is to the individual.” • Importance: • Provides a means to learn about our past • True for cultures with and without any written history • “History will be kind to me because I intend to write it” ~Winston Churchill
How Archaeologists Conduct Research • 1) Survey Site • 2) Excavation • Step 1: Remove top soil • Step 2: Site plan • Step 3: Study artifacts
Absolute Dating • Dendrochronology • Carbon 14 • Potassium-argon • Thermoluminescence
Relative Dating: Determining the Order of Events • Law of Horizontality • Layers form horizontally • Law of Superposition • Oldest on bottom; Youngest on top • Law of Association • Objects in same layer = same age