Archaeology. Linking Ontario Students and Their Past Cathy MacDonald and Joanne Lea OHASSTA Conference Toronto, 2008. What is archaeology?. the study of the HUMAN past from the examination of remains of material culture: -artifacts (materials modified and used by humans e.g. an axe)
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Archaeology Linking Ontario Students and Their Past Cathy MacDonald and Joanne Lea OHASSTA Conference Toronto, 2008
What is archaeology? • the study of the HUMAN past from the examination of remains of material culture: -artifacts (materials modified and used by humans e.g. an axe) -ecofact (modification of the environment by humans e.g. a ditch) • can be part of Anthropology, History • licensed and regulated by the government
...or do we? Because, archaeology takes place right here, in CANADA.
Archaeology is a study that uses scientific methods.(sorry...no whips, crystal skulls or tomb raiding) • A research design based on hypotheses is created. • Initial research is conducted (documentary and oral sources.)
Evidence is conserved, catalogued, analysed and interpreted to add to our understanding of the past.
Oral tradition: Turtle Island formed on the back of a turtle; from that came all life; the people have always been here. Archaeological information about peopling of Canada, to date... 5 000 B.P. Thule from Siberia and Islands by sea B.P. means “before present” 40 000-12 000 B.P. from Siberia via Beringia 1 000 B.P. Norse by sea 500 B.P. European fishermen, explorers and colonisers by sea 10 000 – 5 000 B.P. following melting glaciers from the south by land
Archaeology and grade 7 and 8 classes • Applies to the curriculum for studying: interaction between First Nations and Europeans; establishment of European colonies; daily life in Acadia, New France, British North America, Rupert’s Land, the Yukon, critical thinking. • Applies to studies of methods for studying the past: primary sources (e.g. artifacts, documents) - their benefits and limitations compared to secondary sources. • Can integrate a variety of subject areas (History, Geography, Math, Science, Arts. Language - English, French and First Nations Languages). • Hands-on. • Resources available e.g. speakers, sites, museums, Canadian Archaeological Association K-12 curriculum with downloadable lessons and Ontario Archaeology Teaching Resource from www.canadianarchaeology.com