Archaeology By Zohaib
Basic facts • Archaeologists use small tools like brushes to excavate artifacts.
Digging into the past • An archaeology discovers the past through objects.
Digging Deeper • Did you now that everything used by people is an artifact EVEN YOUR TRASH!
Did you know? • Did you know that in Rome there is actually a place to look down and see the old city that used to be there! Wow archaeology is great!
But how do they dig? • They really use brushes and it takes hours to get only one or two artifacts. • What! didn’t I tell you what an artifact is Well let me tell you what it is. It is an object that is used by people. • Can you think of one?
Math and Archaeology Math allows the archaeologist to collect and interpret data. On site accurate measurements are necessary when setting up a grid system (a system which divides the site into numbered squares) and when measuring the exact location of finds so that they can be plotted on the site plan. In the lab, statistical math is used to study the finds, allowing the archaeologist to calculate artifact density (how many of each artifact type are found in each square), and the average size of artifacts. Dating methods such as radiocarbon dating and thermo luminescence dating are very complicated and require a high mathematical ability. Found at:www.digonsite.com
The Site Let me tell you about how the archaeologists know precisely where they find artifacts. When they find artifacts they label it on a chart they make when they plan the site.
Archaeological Words • Context: the circumstances or events that form the environment within which something exists or takes place. • Feature: Land changed by someone. • Soil layers: the levels of ground. • Excavate: archaeology transitive and intransitive verb to dig in a place carefully and methodically, taking notes about procedures, conditions, and finds, with a view to uncovering objects of archeological interest • Midden: in archaeology, refuse heap left at the site of a camp or village. Such heaps, often containing buried relics of industry and art. • Shard: a sharp broken piece of glass or metal. • Stratification: the layers of soil. how archaeologist tell how old an artifact is. • Artifact: an object used or changed by man. • Coordinates: each of a set of numbers that together describe the exact position of something such as a place on a map with reference to a set of axes.