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The Persian War!

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  1. ThePersian War!

  2. How Do We Know? • Remember, history is what is remembered and written down, along with the bias of the writer. • Herodotus - primary source • “Father of History” • Ionian Greek • Eye-witness & interviewed Eye-witnesses • Wrote The Persian Wars

  3. How Do We Know? “These are the inquiries (the Greek word is ‘histories’) of Herodotus of Halikarnassos, which he sets down so that he can preserve the memory of what these men have done, and ensure that the wondrous achievements of the Greeks and barbarians (the Persians) do not lose their deserved fame, and also to record why we went to war with each other.” -Herodotus

  4. Persian Empire Expands • Remember the Persians? • Conquered the Babylonians… • “Freed” the Jews and allowed them to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple to Yahweh • Cyrus the Great ---> Jews called him the “Messiah” or God’s “anointed one” • Empire ---> largest to date under Darius, from Egypt, Asia Minor to India • Satraps & Satrapies

  5. Persian Empire Expands

  6. Persian War - the Greeks vs. the Persians People to know… GREEKS PERSIANS -Leonidas -Cyrus the Great -Pericles -Darius* -Themistocles -Xerxes* Key Battles to Know … (there’s 4) B. of Marathon B. of Thermopylae B. of Salamis B. of Plataea

  7. The Persian War SO WHAT? Who cares? What’s at stake? JUST THE FUTURE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION!

  8. Persian Expansion-1st Invasion

  9. Ionia & the Ionian Greeks

  10. Northern Greece - Thrace & Macedonia

  11. SARDIS * • ATHENS • SPARTA

  12. 2nd Invasion - 490 B.C.

  13. Battle of Marathon

  14. Battle of Marathon

  15. Battle of Marathon

  16. New Emperor - XERXES • Son of Darius • Finish what his father started

  17. PERSIAN WAR Q.W. Summarize in a paragraph the Persian War so far. Use you notes and your BRAIN!

  18. 3rd Invasion - Sea and Land SARDIS * • ATHENS • SPARTA

  19. 3rd Invasion - 480 B.C.

  20. 3rd Invasion - 480 B.C. The Persian Horde

  21. Battle of Thermopylae

  22. Battle of Thermopylae

  23. Battle of Thermopylae

  24. Battle of Thermopylae

  25. Battle of Thermopylae

  26. Battle of Thermopylae

  27. Battle of Salamis

  28. Battle of Salamis - Naval Battle

  29. Battle of Salamis

  30. Battle of Salamis

  31. Battle of Salamis

  32. Battle of Salamis - Greek Victory at Sea

  33. Battle of Plataea

  34. Battle of Plataea -LAST MAJOR LAND BATTLE -Who is Victorious? Who has “NIKE”?

  35. 492 BCE - 1st invasion -Ionia, Macedonia & Thrace, Dardanelles ------> Persian Empire expands - into Asia Minor & northern Greece • Ionia and Ionian Greeks revolt • Persia - punish Athens for helping • 490 BCE - 2nd invasion • B.of Marathon • New Emperor - XERXES • 480 BCE - 3rd invasion - punish Greece for good • B.of Thermopylae • B.of Salamis • B.of Plataea • Aftermath - Athenian expansion & greatness - Delian League* Persian War - Overview

  36. Peloponnesian War

  37. Aftermath of the Persian War • Athenian Imperialistic expansion • cultural, economic & military power ---> navy • Athens & “allies” -->Delian League • “Golden Age” for Athens ----> “Age of Pericles” • Sparta and allies -----> Peloponnesian League • Outbreak of war • Expected to be short

  38. Peloponnesian War • Conflicts between the two power’s allies - ultimate involvement of Sparta & Athens • War’s escalation • - no definitive battle • - plague • - Alcibiades • - truce • - Sicily • - Persians • - Defeat & Aftermath