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How do classical and operant conditioning differ?. S - S vs . R - S contingencies Classical and Operant paradigms The Law of Effect Conditioned reinforcers Chaining operant behaviour. Pavlov’s Apparatus:. Tube from salivary glands. Measuring cup for saliva. pellet dispenser. dispenser

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how do classical and operant conditioning differ
How do classical and operant conditioning differ?
  • S - S vs. R - S contingencies
  • Classical and Operant paradigms
  • The Law of Effect
  • Conditioned reinforcers
  • Chaining operant behaviour
slide2

Pavlov’s Apparatus:

Tube from salivary glands

Measuring cup for saliva

slide3

pellet

dispenser

dispenser

tube

food cup

speaker

lights

lever

electric

grid

slide4

CS

R

US

tone

salivation

food

tone

bar-pressing

food

SD

SRf

R

Classical (respondent) conditioning:

contingency relation

Operant conditioning:

contingency relation

slide5

Classical Conditioning Terminology:

Conditioned

stimulus

Conditioned

response

CS

CR

US

UR

Unconditioned

stimulus

Unconditioned

response

slide6

Reinforcing

stimulus

(reinforcer)

Discriminative

stimulus

response

Operant Conditioning Terminology:

SD: RSRf

slide7

SD: RSRf

The Law of Effect:

“…If a response, R, that is made in the presence of a particular stimulus (or in a particular situation, SD, is followed by a reward, SRf, then that response is more likely to be made the next time the stimulus or situation, SD, is encountered.”

slide8

order of chained performance

Conditioned

Reinforcer

Unconditioned

Reinforcer

?

?

order in which links are learned

etc.

SD: RSRf

tone

SD: RSRf

bar-press

click

SD: RSRf

food

approach