unit 3 building a new nation chapter 8 the early republic 1796 1804 n.
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Unit 3: Building a New Nation Chapter 8: The Early Republic 1796 - 1804. The Split Election of 1796. Jefferson & Aaron Burr ran as Dem- Repubs Adams & Thomas Pinckney ran as Federalists Federalists were not united

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the split election of 1796
The Split Election of 1796
  • Jefferson & Aaron Burr ran as Dem-Repubs
  • Adams & Thomas Pinckney ran as Federalists
  • Federalists were not united
    • Hamilton encouraged Pinckney supporters to cast only one vote (for Pinckney) so Adams wouldn’t get enough votes
  • Adams received the most votes, followed by Jefferson
    • Led to a split administration
xyz affair
XYZ Affair
  • The revolutionary govt. in France tried to influence American voting by favoring the Republican candidates
  • When Adams was elected, the French broke off relations with the U.S.
  • Angry, Adams sent Federalist Charles Cotesworth Pinckney to Paris
  • French foreign minister Talleyrand declined to receive Pinckney & his peace delegation
xyz affair1
XYZ Affair
  • Instead, they were approached by three go-betweens, later referred to as X, Y, & Z & offered a bribe
  • Congress created the Dept. of the Navy & a standing army
  • Sea battles in what became known as the Quasi-War led to the loss of many vessels on both sides
  • In 1800, the new French govt. under Napoleon signed a treaty & peace was restored
repression protest
Repression & Protest
  • Election in 1798 increased Federalist majorities in both houses in Congress
  • Federalists proposed new laws to destroy all opposition & weaken political activities by immigrants
  • The Alien Acts
    • Naturalization Act
    • Alien Act
    • Alien Enemies Act
repression protest1
Repression & Protest
  • To try & weaken the Republican press, they passed the Sedition Act
  • Republicans claimed that the Alien & Sedition Acts violated the Bill of Rights
  • Congress ignored them, so they took their case to the state govts.
repression protest2
Repression & Protest
  • In the Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions, Madison & Jefferson claimed that states have the right to overrule the federal govt.
  • No other states adopted this, & the issue died
the revolution of 1800
The Revolution of 1800
  • Election of 1800 had the same candidates as in 1796
  • Jefferson & Burr received the same number of votes, so the selection went to the House
  • Hamilton threw his support for Jefferson
    • Increased ill will between Hamilton & Burr
  • Significance – nonviolent transfer of power from one party to another
  • 12th Amendment – requires separate balloting in the E. C. for the Pres. & Vice Pres.
the marshall court
The Marshall Court
  • The Judiciary Act of 1801
    • Created 16 new federal judgeships, which were filled by loyal Federalists
  • John Marshall, Adams Sec. of State, was appointed Chief of the S.C.
  • In Marburyv. Madison (1803), Marshall dismissed Marbury’s suit & set the precedent for judicial review – the S.C. has the final authority in determining the meaning of the Constitution
the louisiana purchase 1803
The Louisiana Purchase (1803)
  • In 1800, Napoleon traded French land in southern Europe to Spain in exchange for Spain’s land in N. America
  • U.S. purchased it for $15 million, doubling the size of the U.S.
exploration of the l p
Exploration of the L.P.
  • Before Napoleon’s offer, Jefferson had authorized an expedition to explore western territory to the Pacific
  • The Lewis & Clark group left St. Louis in 1804 & returned 2 ½ years later
    • Primary mission was to note the people who lived there & to chart waterways
    • Aided by Sacajawea
    • Returned with scientific info, knowledge of the people, & maps
african americans in jefferson s republic
African Americans in Jefferson’s Republic
  • Believed blacks were inferior to whites
  • Felt blacks & whites couldn’t live together
  • Free blacks did not achieve equality
  • They began to form their own institutions
jefferson s indian policy
Jefferson’s Indian Policy
  • Didn’t think they were inferior to Europeans
  • Created govt.-owned trading posts for Indians to acquire goods
  • Encouraged Indians to relocate to reservations