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Unit 5: Nationalism, Sectionalism, and Economic Growth. SOL VA. US. 6a-d. Nationalism:. Love for one’s country. Love for one’s region or section of a country. Sectionalism:. Following the War of 1812, Americans had a sense of national pride. Era of Good Feelings.

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slide2

Nationalism:

Love for one’s country

slide4

Following the War of 1812, Americans had a sense of national pride

Era of Good Feelings

James Monroe: 5th President

Political & Economic Nationalism Develops

political nationalism
Political Nationalism

Marshall Court

Goal:

Strengthen National Government

slide6

Marshall Court Decisions

McCulloch v. Maryland: Can States tax National Programs?

1) States cannot tax the national government

National Government over State Governments

2) National Bank was legal

Reinforced the doctrine of implied powers

National Bank

slide7

Gibbons v. Ogden

Q: Who has the power to regulate navigation?

NY State gives steamboat ferry monopoly to Ogden

A: National government controls interstate commerce (trade)

slide8

Political: Foreign Policy

Nationalist Goals:

Establish presence in world affairs

Expand & secure borders

slide9

Adams – Onis Treaty

Spain agreed to give up Florida to the United States

slide10

Monroe Doctrine

America warns Europe to stay out of the Western Hemisphere

slide11

Economic Nationalism:

Henry Clay: “American System”

Goal:

To strengthen the American economy

How?

Improved Transportation

National Bank

Protective Tariffs

slide12

Provide low interest loans to expand business & industry

Re-chartered in 1816: By Republicans

National Bank

slide13

Protective Tariff

Allows American businesses to grow

Tax on imports

slide14

Improved Transportation:

Allows people and goods to move throughout the country faster

Canals

Roads

Internal Improvements Bill vetoed by James Madison & James Monroe

economic nationalism leads to sectional specialization
Economic Nationalism leads to Sectional Specialization

The United States was growing:

The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 doubled the size of the United States

Each section develops own unique economy

industrialization northeast
Industrialization Northeast

Factory System expands:

Samuel Slater: “Father of the Factory System” Machine: “Spinning Jenny”

Factors that lead to industrialization:

slide17

- Rivers and streams

- Capital resources

- Poor agricultural conditions

- Large labor supply

lowell system
Lowell System

All in one production facility

“Factory Girls”

New England becomes the center of textile production

plantation agriculture south
Plantation Agriculture South

The Cotton Gin

  • Increased
    • Productivity
    • # of Plantations
    • Cash-Crop Economy
    • “King Cotton”
diversified farming west
Diversified Farming West

Fertile farmland in Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys

- Attracts people from the east and Europe

slide21

Small farms give way to specialized farms

Wheat:

- Northern Plains

Corn and Livestock:

-Ohio River Valley

Tobacco:

- Kentucky

slide22

Northeastern Needs:

Southern Cotton

Western food

slide23

Southern Needs:

Northern Manufactured Goods

Western Food

slide24

Western Needs:

Northern Manufactured Goods

slide25

Demands of the National Economy promotes the “Transportation Revolution”

Roads

Canals

Steamboats

Trains

slide26

Turnpikes (Toll Roads):

- Built by private companies from 1800 -1825

- Cumberland Road: Allowed wagon traffic from the seaboard to the Ohio River Valley

slide27

Erie Canal

“Clinton’s Big Ditch”

Opened in 1825

- Linked New York City with New Orleans

slide29

Most important change of the Transportation Revolution

Fast, Reliable, and cheaper than canals

Trains:

inventions
Inventions

Eli Whitney:

Cotton Gin: removed seeds from cotton fiber

Provides the mills with large quantities of cotton to turn into cloth

Interchangeable Parts:

Mass production of machine equipment

slide34

Samuel F. B. Morse

1840 – Telegraph

slide35

Elias Howe & Isaac Singer

1840sSewing Machine

slide38

American Population Centers in 1860

Transportation Revolution led to the spreading of American Population

missouri compromise 1820
Missouri Compromise (1820)
  • Missouri applies for statehood in 1819
  • Senate: 11 free states & 11 slave states
the compromise
The Compromise
  • Missouri enters Union as a slave state
  • Maine enters Union as a free state
  • A line is drawn at 36/30
  • Above it = Free
  • Below it = Slave
  • Compromise Created by Henry Clay
slide44

Henry Clay[KY]

Andrew Jackson

[TN}

John Quincy Adams[MA]

William H. Crawford[GA]

1824 Presidential Election

slide45

Results of the 1824 Election

A “Corrupt Bargain?”

slide47

Voting Requirements in the Early 19c

Impact of decreasing property ownership requirements?

More “common people” can vote