GOAL # 2. How did the forces of nationalism, sectionalism, and expansion impact the United States (1801-1850)?. Nationalism is……. The desire for political independence. Patriotism: proud loyalty and devotion to a nation
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How did the forces of nationalism, sectionalism, and expansion impact the United States (1801-1850)?
Democratic-Republicans opposed to First National Bank did not re-charter it in 1811
John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, and Daniel Webster support passage of the bill to create the Second National Bank in 1816
Virginia law that banned the inheritance of land by an enemy ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
The decision of the Supreme Court was that the federal government was supreme, no state government could interfere with an agency of the federal government.
Supreme Court ruled that the federal government had the power to regulate interstate trade.
Jackson burnt several villages, seized the Spanish settlements of St. Marks and Pensacola, and removed the Spanish governor from power.
Sec. of State Adams used the events in Florida to pressure Spanish to negotiate the border between the US and Florida.
Monroe Doctrine declared that the Americas were no longer open to any new European colonization.
Monroe Doctrine followed President Washington’s guidelines of avoiding entangling alliances in European power struggles.
Steamboats on the Great Lakes and up and down the Mississippi River
TRAINS OPENED THE WEST TO SETTLEMENT AND EXPANDED TRADE BETWEEN REGIONS
The shift from a agricultural based economy to a manufacturing based economy.
Laws also limited liability, investor buys stock, business fails, investor only loses investment, not responsible for debts of the business
By 1860, over 50,000 miles of telegraph wire connected most of the nation.
Industrialization brought thousands from farms and small towns to the cities for factory jobs and wages
Courts ruled against unions as unlawful groups that limited free enterprise
Second largest group of immigrants were from Germany, by 1860 numbered 1.5 million
New people with new cultures languages, and religions brought about feelings of hostility towards foreigners.
The end of 1700s religious leaders felt commitment to organized religion weakening
Transcendentalism was the most notable expression of American romanticism
Urged states to implement prison reform and create institutions for the mentally ill
Minister, “the nation’s citizens more than the government should take the lead in building a better society.”
Advocates of temperance ( moderation in the use of alcohol) had been active since 1700s.
The first attempt was strict discipline to ride criminals of laxness that led them to crime.
1800s push for a system of public schools, that were government funded, and open to all children.
Horace Mann, member of the Massachusetts Legislature led the push for public education in Massachusetts.
Common schools were open to all, funded by district taxes, state funds, and tuition paid by parents.
Was arrested for voting in the presidential election of 1872 in Rochester, NY