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Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism in an American Society Chapter 7 U.S. History Period 2 The Industrial Revolution By: Mike Yocius & Paul Matouski Its Time… For a Revolution Great Britain began the first industrial revolution.

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balancing nationalism and sectionalism in an american society chapter 7

Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism in an American SocietyChapter 7

U.S. History

Period 2

the industrial revolution

The Industrial Revolution

By: Mike Yocius


Paul Matouski

its time for a revolution
Its Time… For a Revolution
  • Great Britain began the first industrial revolution.
  • When first started, they mass produced goods such as textiles.
what is the reason for an u s industrialization
What is the reason for an U.S industrialization?
  • U.S has great resources like rushing rivers, rich deposits of coal and iron.
  • The U.S also has immigrants which are eager to find work.
what is the reason for an u s industrialization part 2
What is the reason for an U.S industrialization? Part 2
  • Thomas Jefferson made the Embargo Act this prohibited Americans from shipping goods to Europe.
  • This made many people turn to large – scale factory work because it was the only way to make good money
what is the reason for an u s industrialization part 3
What is the reason for an U.S industrialization? Part 3
  • Then the U.S went to war with Britain.
  • Britain then made naval blockades so it was impossible to make money trading so we had to industrialize
new uses for steel

Farm inventions

Tin Can

Brooklyn Bridge

The Home Insurance Building- 1st Skyscraper (Only Ten stories in the beautiful Chicago.)

New Uses for Steel

Agriculture in North

    • Invested in manufacturing and factories due to increase of cities
    • Farming was mostly corn and cattle
    • Farms were smaller
    • Little demand for slavery
    • Slavery died out in 1700s

Cotton Big in the South

    • Eli Whitney invented cotton gin
    • South prospered with new invention
    • Britain and North had a large demand for cotton
    • Cotton gins accelerated slavery expansion

Slave Increase

    • Plantation owners wanted many slaves due to their size
    • Cotton production also created more want for slaves
    • Slave population went from 700,000 to 1,200,000
    • A small number of slaves did gain freedom

Clay’s Plan

    • Establish protective tariff
    • Resurrecting National Bank
    • Sponsor development of transportation systems and other improvements

Tariff in National Bank

    • Tariff revenues helped pay for internal improvements (roads, canals, roadhouses)
    • Pres. James Madison proposed tariff
review 1
Review #1
  • What are the three points of Clay’s Plan?
    • Establish protective tariff
    • Resurrecting National Bank
    • Sponsor development of transportation systems and other improvements
review 2
Review #2
  • Who invented the cotton gin?
      • Eli Whitney
review 3
Review #3
  • Who was bigger on agriculture the North or the South?
      • South
chapter 7 section 2

Chapter 7Section 2

Josh P

Eddy G

louisiana purchase
Louisiana Purchase
  • Louisiana Purchase more than doubles the size of the United States.
  • This creates a need for more national power since the nation is bigger, the bigger it is the more control you need.
boost of national power
Boost of National Power
  • Government takes control of the economy, to keep states from growing too strong and keep balance.
  • Limit states power from being able to overturn laws made by the government.
  • Supported National bank because it was considered constitutional.
foreign policy
Foreign Policy
  • America takes Florida for nothing.
  • America warns Europe to leave the western hemisphere alone.
  • The western and eastern hemisphere agreement was called the Monroe Doctrine
  • Who did America take Florida from?
  • Spain
  • What is the name of the treaty that states the eastern and western hemispheres stay out of each others affairs?
  • Monroe Doctrine.
  • That was a fun little thing wasn’t it. A whole minute and a half, maybe two. Are you done reading yet?
  • Used text book only.
  • Manager Joshua Ryan Pahr
  • Pretty colors huh???
nationalism pushes america west

Nationalism Pushes America West

Ben Mottashed

Nikki Szatkowski

america starts expanding
America Starts Expanding
  • After the presidents had made new laws about expanding U.S. territory, some people explored into the Northwest.
  • They arrived and turned prairies into farms, and water fronts into city centers.
why west
Why West?
  • Some went to escape debts or the law.
  • Most traveled west for economic gain (fertile and cheap land.)
  • New life.
  • “No white man or woman will bear being called a servant…Hirelings must be spoken to with Civility and cheerfulness”.
  • That type of equality didn’t exist in the East.
what is the northwest territory
What is the Northwest territory?
  • Present day Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
northwest ordinance of 1787
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
  • Once a population reaches 60,000 people can petition and become a state.
  • Can draft a state constitution
  • Elect representatives
  • Officially become part of the U.S.
the missouri compromise
The Missouri Compromise
  • Because of slavery, Missouri had problems becoming a state. This was because the ratio of slave to slave free states would be unbalanced.
  • The Missouri Compromise was a series of agreements to temporarily resolve the crisis between the North and South.
  • Slavery was banned above the line of 36°30’ North Latitude-with the exception of Missouri.
  • The problem was settled for a generation after president Monroe signed the Missouri Compromise in 1820.
  • 1. Name two of the four states that were considered the Northwest territory.
  • 2. What is the required number of people for a territory to become a state?
expanding democracy changes politics jackson s new presidential style

Expanding Democracy Changes Politics&Jackson’s New Presidential Style

Section Three

By: John Powalowski

Eric Ruhlin

andrew jackson john quincy adams
Was John Adams’ political chief opponent

Won most popular votes, but lacked electoral votes

Nickname was “Old Hickory” because he was at the age of 61 when elected President

Won the presidency only because Adams and Henry Clay had a private conversation and Clay decided the outcome

Soon after his presidency Adams made Clay secretary of state

In 1828, lost the second time to Andrew Jackson because of more people being able to vote directly to the Electoral College

Andrew JacksonJohn Quincy Adams
jackson takes office
Jackson Takes Office
  • When he came into office he fired nearly 10% of federal employees and the policy of “rotation in office” enabled Jackson to give away huge numbers of jobs to his friends and political allies.
  • Spoils System – in the spoils system, incoming officials throw out former appointees and replace them with their own friends.
the questions you have to answer
The questions you have to answer
  • What was Andrew Jackson’s nickname?
  • Adam’s won the presidency only because he had a private conversation with whom?
answer 1
Answer #1
  • “Old Hickory”
  • Back to Questions!!!!!!!!!
answer 2
Answer #2
  • Henry Clay
to begin
To begin…
  • White settlers wanted to move around Native Americans
  • Some tribes began to adopt the European culture after the War of 1812
  • These tribes began to be called the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, Creek, and Chickasaw)
  • These “civilized tribes” still occupied valuable land in the United States
indian removal act of 1830
Indian Removal Act of 1830
  • The problem:
    • White settlers needing the tribal lands for farming
  • The solution:
    • To move the Native Americans from their lands into the open Western territory
  • The execution:
    • Congress passed the Indian Removal act in 1830 which provided funds to negotiate treaties with the Native Americans that would move them Westwards.
    • About 90 of these treaties were signed
the trail of tears part i
The Trail of TearsPart I
  • President Jackson pressured many Indian tribes to sign treaties
  • 1830- pressured Choctaw to move from Mississippi
  • 1831- ordered U.S. troops to force Sauk and Fox from their lands in Illinois and Missouri
  • 1832- Forced Chickasaw from their lands in Alabama and Mississippi
the trails of tears part ii
The Trails of TearsPart II
  • The Cherokee Tribe tried to go through the U.S. legal system to keep their land
  • John Marshall refused to rule the first case presented by the Cherokee’s
  • Cherokee’s teamed up with American Samuel Worcester because the court would have to hear a citizens case
  • The Cherokees won in 1832 but the battle for their land kept going
the trail of tears part iii
The Trail of TearsPart III
  • The Cherokee leader, John Ross, still tried to fight the state in courts but other Cherokees decided they should just move
  • In the end, the Cherokee tribe signed a treaty that gave all their land to the government in exchange for $5 million and land in Oklahoma
  • But when nearly 20,000 Cherokee remained after the treaty was signed, they were order to be removed
  • The trip that these Cherokee were forced on, was called the Trail of Tears
    • 800-mile trip -Many died
the end
The End
  • What was The Trail of Tears?
  • The Five Tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, Creek, and Chickasaw) were called what?
  • Where did the gov’t want to send the Native Americans?

Corey B. and Diane B.

tariff of abominations
Tariff of Abominations
  • Congress in 1816 passed a tariff to protect the infant American industries. The tariff was increased in 1824 and again in 1828.
  • John C. Calhoun’s name for an 1828 tariff increase that seemed to Southerners to be enriching the North at their expense.
the nullification theory
The Nullification Theory
  • Calhoun devised a nullification theory, which basically questioned the legality of applying some federal laws in the United States.
  • If each state had the right to declare the offending law nullified or illegal, or within its borders.
haynes and webster debate
Haynes and Webster Debate
  • Robert Haynes of South Carolina debate Senator Daniel Webster of Massachusetts.
  • Haynes argued saying that he could not conceive of a “middle course, between submission to the laws, when regularly pronounced constitutional.
south carolina rebels
South Carolina Rebels
  • The Great Compromiser proposed a tariff bill that would gradually lower duties over the next ten year period.
  • In 1832, the issue of states rights was finally put to the test when congress passed a tariff law that South Carolina legislators still found unacceptable.
q s and q s
Q’s and Q’s
  • When did congress pass the tariff to protect the infant American Industries?
  • Who where the names of the people in the debate?

Well… what’s the answer

Thank God that’s over

I won’t miss it, will you?

Sizzle nizzle bladengarblagagahowdy, I’m outy, peace ya’ll.

jackson attacks the national bank section four

Jackson Attacks the National Bank-Section Four

Courtney Clinger

Jeremy Edwards

Kaelyn Kennedy

key people
Key People
  • John C. Calhoun- He took a tough position on slavery arguing that it wasn’t necessary
  • Daniel Webster- He was known as “Godlike Daniel” he was famous for his speeches he had always wanted to be president but had never won an election
  • Martin Van Buren- He was vice president for Jackson. He tried to help by reducing federal spending he also tried to set up an independent treasury
  • William Henry Harrison- Ran against Van Buren. He had been the son of a tavern owner. He came from a wealthy family and lived in a 16 room mansion
  • John Tyler- He was Harrison’s Vice President. He also had been a strong minded Virginian
jackson opposes the bank
Jackson Opposes the Bank
  • Banks of The United States (B.U.S.)- Either of the two national banks established by congress 1st in 1791 and 2nd in 1816
  • In Jackson’s eyes the National Bank symbolized eastern wealth and power.
  • Since all federal tax revenues were deposited in the B.U.S. rather than the state or private banks
  • B.U.S. stockholders not average American taxpayers earn the interest from these deposits
consequences of jackson s policies
Consequences of Jackson's Policies
  • Jackson’s policies angered many townspeople they thought Jackson acted more like a king than a president.
  • They formed new parties Whig parties there choice of names summed up their beliefs.
successors deal with jackson s legacy
Successors Deal With Jackson's Legacy
  • Along with presidency however Van Buren inherited the consequences of Jackson’s bank war and bank money policies
  • In the panic of 1837 bank closings and the collapse of the credit system cost many people there savings.
  • In the 1790s the people divided politically into Jeffersonian Republicans and Hamiltonian Federalists and they identified themselves either as Jacksonian democrats as the democratic republicans that had broken away from the republican party in the election of 1824.
review questions
Review Questions
  • Who were two key people?
  • What does B.U.S. stand for?
  • Bank of United Systems
  • Bank of United Stations
  • Bank of United States
  • What did the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Hamiltonian Federalists identify themselves as?
successors deal with jackson s legacy59

Successors Deal With Jackson’s Legacy

Alex Jordan, Megan McNeil, Alex Hoelter

martin van buren
Martin Van Buren
  • Was Jackson’s Vice President
  • Was chosen by the Democrats to be their presidential candidate
  • Won election and became president
  • Inherited consequences of Jackson’s banking
  • Banks stopped accepting paper currency and they closed in the Panic of 1837
  • 1/3 of population out of work, 100’s of businesses were bankrupted
william henry harrison
William Henry Harrison
  • Whig party candidate who ran against Van Buren
  • Portrayed as an old war hero and a man of the people
  • Came from a wealthy family
  • Won the election and began to

take steps to improve the economy

  • A month after taking office he died of pneumonia
john tyler
John Tyler
  • Harrison’s Vice President and successor to the Presidency
  • He opposed many of the Whig views and was only chosen as Vice President to pick up Southern votes.
  • They referred to him as His Accidency
a legacy of two parties
A Legacy of Two Parties
  • The people divided into two political groups in the 1790s
  • The groups were the Jacksonian Democrats and the Whigs
  • Appealed more to passion then to reason
  • They used campaigning and political speeches to be entertainment
  • Resulted in the average person being more aware of the nation’s politics
review questions64
Review Questions
  • Who had to deal with Jackson’s banking mess?
  • Martin Van Buren
  • Who died one month after taking office as president?
  • William Henry Harrison
  • What are the two new parties that developed?
  • Jacksonian Democrats and the Whigs
  • Corey Bandur
  • Courtney Clinger
  • Patrick Sarna
  • Joshua Ryan Pahr
  • B-Mott
  • Mike Yocius
  • Kaitie Clark
  • Alex Jordan
  • John Powalowski