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Wheat PowerPoint Presentation

Wheat

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Wheat

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  1. Wheat

  2. Types • Hard Red Spring Wheat • Highest baking quality • Hard Red Winter Wheat • Flour • Soft Red Winter Wheat • Crackers, pastry, biscuits • Durum Wheat • Pasta • White Wheat • Pastry Crackers

  3. Planting • Plant in Early April • 1-2” Deep • 60-70 lbs of seed per acre • About 90 days to maturity

  4. Seed/Maturity

  5. Seed Variety • Hundreds of seed variety’s that are developed by companies and universities. • No Genetically Modified seeds as of now due to them not being accepted by other countries

  6. Diseases • Tan Spot • Scab • Leaf Rust

  7. Insects • Aphids • Orange blossom wheat midge • Grasshoppers • Stem Sawfly

  8. Wheat • Commercial Classes • Hard Red Spring Wheat • Bread • Hard Red Winter Wheat • Bread • Durum • Pasta • Soft Red Winter • Cake, biscuit, cracker, pastry • White • Pastry

  9. Wheat • Most important world crop; both in acreage and production • Approximately 75 to 80% US acreage is winter wheat • Requires a cold period before switching to reproductive growth (vernalization) • In general, wheat is unsatisfactory on very sandy soils or poorly drained soils

  10. Wheat • Cool-season crop • Minimum Temp. • 37-39 degrees F • Optimum Temp. • 77 degrees F • Maximum Temp. • 86-89 degrees F

  11. Wheat grades • Based on quality and condition • Quality • Plumpness, soundness, foreign material • Condition • High moisture, odor, smut • Legal Weight • 60 pounds per bushel • US Grade #1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or US Sample Grade

  12. Hard Red Spring Wheat • North Dakota ranks #1 • Can be grown under a wide range of soil conditions and rainfall • Best adapted to fertile, well drained silt and clay loam soils • In early stages of development, can withstand temperatures as low as 15 degrees F

  13. Hard Red Spring Wheat • Winters in ND are too severe for winter wheat • Limited rainfall during the growing period results in wheat that is high in protein content • HRSW contains a large amount of gluten • A proteinlike, semielastic substance which permits the dough to leaven or expand into large, light porous loaves

  14. Durum Wheat • ND ranks #1 • Grown because it withstands drought better and is more resistant to most diseases than HRSW • Flour not suited for breadmaking • Made into semolina • A granular flour used in making pasta products

  15. HRSW and Durum • Diseases • Smut • Black Stem Rust • Scab • Ergot • Wheat Stem Sawfly