Wheat in the United States • Wheat was first planted in the United States in 1777 as a hobby crop. • Wheat is grown in 42 of the 50 states in the United States.
Idaho Wheat Facts • Wheat is grown in 42 of 44 counties in Idaho. • Idaho ranks in the top 10 in the nation in wheat production and wheat product exports.
Wheat in Idaho Top wheat producing counties in Idaho: • Bingham – #1 in the state! • Bonneville • Fremont • Jefferson • Power • Madison • Latah • Gooding • Minidoka Bingham County
Spring vs. Winter Wheat • Spring wheat is planted from April through May and is harvested August to early September. • Winter wheat is planted in the fall and harvested in July and August.
Soft White Wheat • Soft White Wheat is the most popular wheat grown in Idaho. It makes up 43% of Idaho’s total wheat crop. • Used for muffins, pancakes, pastries, and cake. http://www.purcellmountainfarms.com/Organic%20Soft%20White%20Wheat%20Berries.htm
Durum Wheat • Durum wheat is the hardest wheat kernel and has the highest amount of protein. • Durum wheat is used for pasta, spaghetti, macaroni, and other pastas because of its high amount of protein.
Nutrition Facts Carbohydrates from wheat provide the energy you need to play, learn, and keep your body running. Half of the 5 servings of grains you eat every day should be whole grains. This means about 3 servings should be whole grains per day.
What is “Whole Wheat”? All three parts are used in whole wheat flour. In “Enriched flour” only the endosperm is used. Why should half of the grains you eat every day be whole grains?
How do I know if my bread is whole wheat? • Read the label. • Is whole wheat flour the first grain ingredient? Yes? Your food is whole wheat rich. • Is whole wheat flour the only grain ingredient? Yes? Your food may be 100% whole wheat. “Whole Wheat Rich” 100% Whole Wheat Whole Grain Whole Grain Ingredients: Whole Wheat flour, Enriched wheat flour, Nonfat dry milk, vegetable oil, sucrose, salt, yeast. Ingredients: Whole Wheat flour, Nonfat dry milk, vegetable oil, sucrose, salt, yeast. Not Whole Grain
What about Whole White Wheat? • Whole White Wheat IS whole grain. • Look for the word “WHOLE” • Whole White Wheat is made with WhiteWheat. • Remember Idaho grows more White Wheat than Red Wheat. • Darker colored whole-wheat bread is made with Red Wheat • “Enriched wheat” is NOT whole wheat– the bran and germ have been removed.
Daily Serving One serving of whole grain approximately fits into the palm of a hand. • 1/2 cup cooked brown rice, whole-grain pasta, or hot cereal such as oatmeal • 1 slice 100% whole grain bread • 1 small (1 oz.) whole grain muffin • 1 oz of whole grain ready-to-eat cereal Remember you should eat 5 servings of grain each day. Three of those should be whole grains.